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Modern Drying Technology, Volume 3: Product Quality and Formulation

ISBN: 978-3-527-31558-1
430 pages
August 2011
Modern Drying Technology, Volume 3: Product Quality and Formulation (3527315586) cover image

The five-volume series provides a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of drying technology like computational tools at different scales (Volume 1), modern experimental and analytical techniques (Volume 2), product quality and formulation (Volume 3), energy savings (Volume 4) and process intensification (Volume 5).

Based on high-level cutting-edge results contributed by internationally recognized experts in the various treated fields, this book series is the ultimate reference in the area of industrial drying. Located at the intersection of the two main approaches in modern chemical engineering, product engineering and process systems engineering, the series aims at bringing theory into practice in order to improve the quality of high-value dried products, save energy, and cut the costs of drying processes.

Volume 3 discusses how desired properties of foods, biomaterials, active pharmaceutical ingredients, and fragile aerogels can be preserved during drying, and how spray drying and spray fluidized bed processes can be used for particle formation and formulation. Methods for monitoring product quality, such as process analytical technology, and modeling tools, such as Monte Carlo simulations, discrete particle modeling and neural networks, are presented with real examples from industry and academia.


Other Volumes and Sets:

Volume 1 - Modern Drying Technology, Computational Tools at Different Scales

Volume 1: Diverse model types for the drying of products and the design of drying processes (short-cut methods, homogenized, pore network, and continuous thermo-mechanical approaches) are treated, along with computational fluid dynamics, population balances, and process systems simulation tools. Emphasis is put on scale transitions.


Volume 2 - Modern Drying Technology: Experimental Techniques

Volume 2: Comprises experimental methods used in various industries and in research in order to design and control drying processes, measure moisture and moisture distributions, characterize particulate material and the internal micro-structure of dried products, and investigate the behavior of particle systems in drying equipment. Key topics include acoustic levitation, near-infrared spectral imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray tomography, and positron emission tracking.


Volume 4 - Modern Drying Technology: Energy Savings

Volume 4: Deals with the reduction of energy demand in various drying processes and areas, highlighting the following topics: Energy analysis of dryers, efficient solid-liquid separation techniques, osmotic dehydration, heat pump assisted drying, zeolite usage, solar drying, drying and heat treatment for solid wood and other biomass sources, and sludge thermal processing.

Volume 5 - Process Intensification

Volume 5: Dedicated to process intensification by more efficient distribution and flow of the drying medium, foaming, controlled freezing, and the application of superheated steam, infrared radiation, microwaves, power ultrasound and pulsed electric fields. Process efficiency is treated in conjunction with the quality of sensitive products, such as foods, for a variety of hybrid and combined drying processes.


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Series Preface.

Preface of Volume 3.

List of Contributors.

Recommended Notation.

EFCE Working Party on Drying: Address List.

1 Quality Changes in Food Materials as Influenced by Drying Processes (Catherine Bonazzi and Elisabeth Dumoulin).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Biochemical Reactions Induced by Drying.

1.3 Physical Transformations During Drying.

1.4 Mechanical Transformations Induced by Drying.

1.5 Storage and Rehydration of Food Products.

1.6 Conclusion.


2 Impact of Drying on the Mechanical Properties and Crack Formation in Rice (Catherine Bonazzi and Francis Courtois).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Impact of Drying Conditions on Head Rice Yield for Paddy and Parboiled Rice.

2.3 Characterization of Fissures Formation by Image Analysis Techniques.

2.4 Characterization of the Mechanical Properties of the Rice Material.

2.5 Modeling the Impact of Drying on the Final Quality of Rice Grains.

2.6 Conclusion.


3 Characterization and Control of Physical Quality Factors During Freeze-Drying of Pharmaceuticals in Vials (Julien Andrieu and Séverine Vessot).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Characterization Methods of the Key Quality Factors During Freeze-Drying of Pharmaceuticals in Vials.

3.3 Influence of Freezing and Freeze-Drying Parameters on Physical Quality Factors.

3.4 Product Quality and Stability During Drying and Storage.

3.5 Conclusions.


4 In-Line Product Quality Control of Pharmaceuticals In Freeze-Drying Processes (Antonello A. Barresi and Davide Fissore).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Control of the Freezing Step.

4.3 Monitoring of the Primary Drying.

4.4 Control of the Primary Drying.

4.5 Monitoring and Control of Secondary Drying.

4.6 Quality by Design.

4.7 Continuous Freeze-Drying.

4.8 Conclusion.


5 Understanding and Preventing Structural Changes During Drying of Gels (Thomas Metzger, Angélique Léonard, Wahbi Jomaa, and Hajime Tamon).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Gels and Their Applications – Quality Aspects.

5.3 Structural Characterization of Gels – Quality Assessment.

5.4 Drying Methods for Gels – Quality Loss.

5.5 Advanced Drying Techniques – Preserving Quality.

5.6 Advanced Modeling of Convective Drying – Understanding Quality.

5.7 Summary.


6 Morphology and Properties of Spray-Dried Particles (Peter Walzel and Takeshi Furuta).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Morphology of Spray-Dried Particles.

6.3 Retention of Flavor in Spray-Dried Food Products.

6.4 Encapsulation and Microencapsulation of Enzymes and Oil by Spray Drying.

6.5 General Quality Aspects.

6.6 Concluding Remarks.


7 Particle Formulation in Spray Fluidized Beds (Mirko Peglow, Sergiy Antonyuk, Michael Jacob, Stefan Palzer, Stefan Heinrich, and Evangelos Tsotsas).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 General Principles of Particle Formulation in Spray Fluidized Beds.

7.3 Influence of Material Properties.

7.4 Influence of Operating Conditions.

7.5 Influence of Apparatus Design.

7.6 Neural Networks, Encapsulation.

7.7 Stochastic Discrete Modeling of Agglomeration.

7.8 Summary and Outlook.



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Professor Dr. Ing. Evangelos Tsotsas holds the Chair of Thermal Process Engineering at Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg (Germany) since 1994. Prior to this, he was a Senior Process Specialist at the Dow Chemical Company. He has authored about 250 papers in refereed journals and conference proceedings, and is the recipient of the Hosokawa Award for Innovation and the ProcessNet Award for Excellence in Drying Research. He serves in various functions in organizations such as the German Research Foundation (DFG), the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and the European and German Working Party on Drying.

Professor Arun S. Mujumdar has been Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the McGill University, Canada, and at the National University of Singapore. He has authored 2 books and over 60 book chapters, edited or co-edited over 50 books including the Handbook of Industrial Drying.Member of various professional and scientific associations, he was recently conferred Doctor Honoris Causa by the Technical University of Lodz, Poland, and the University of Lyon, France.
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“One can feel throughout the book the massive experience of the authors in the subjects they are dealing with, and the editors are to be congratulated for being able to gather such high-level contributors. The quality of the editing and printing of Volume 3 is very high, as in the case of the previous volumes in the series.”  (Drying Technology, 1 May 2014)

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by Evangelos Tsotsas (Editor), Arun S. Mujumdar (Editor)
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