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Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics, 2nd, Revised and Enlarged Edition

ISBN: 978-3-527-31672-4
477 pages
October 2007
Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics, 2nd, Revised and Enlarged Edition (3527316728) cover image
Until now, the literature has offered a rather limited approach to the use of fundamental kinetics and their application to catalytic reactions. Subsequently, this book spans the full range from fundamentals of kinetics and heterogeneous catalysis via modern experimental and theoretical results of model studies to their equivalent large-scale industrial production processes. This second edition includes significant new developments, with all the chapters updated by way of recent examples and relevant new literature. With its focus on practical application, rather than theory, the result is key knowledge for students at technical universities and professionals already working in industry.

From Reviews of the First Edition:
'I am impressed by the coverage of the book and it is a valuable addition to the catalysis literature and I highly recommend purchase'
(Energy Sources)

'...this excellent book is highly recommended to students at technical universities, but also entrants in chemical industry. Furthermore, this informative handbook is also a must for all professionals in the community.'
(AFS)

'Overall, this is a valuable book that I will use in teaching undergraduates and postgraduates.'
(Angewandte Chemie - I. E.)
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INTRODUCTION TO CATALYSIS
What is Catalysis
Catalysts Can Be Atoms, Molecules, Enzymes and Solid Surfaces
Why is Catalysis Important
Catalysis as a Multidisciplinary Science
The Scope of This Book
Catalysis in Journals
General References to Textbooks in Catalysis
KINETICS
Introduction
The Rate Equation and Power Rate Laws
Reactions and Thermodynamic Equilibrium
Temperature Dependence of the Rate
Integrated Rate Equations: Time Dependence of Concentrations in Reactions of Different Orders
Coupled Reactions in Flow Reactors: The Steady-state Approximation
Coupled Reactions in Batch Reactors
Catalytic Reactions
Langmuir Adsorption Isotherms
Reaction Mechanisms
Entropy, Entropy Production, Auto Catalysis and Oscillating Reactions
Kinetics of Enzyme-catalyzed Reactions
REACTION RATE THEORY
Introduction
The Boltzmann Distribution and the Partition Function
Partition Functions of Atoms and Molecules
Molecules in Equilibrium
Collision Theory
Activation of Reacting Molecules by Collisions: The Lindermann Theory
Transition State Theory
Transition State Theory of Surface Reactions
Summary
CATALYST CHARACTERIZATION
Introduction
X-Ray Diffraction (XRD)
X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS)
Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS)
Electron Microscopy
Mössbauer Spectroscopy
Ion Spectroscopy: SIMS, LEIS, RBS
Temperature-programmed Reduction, Oxidation and Sulfidation
Infrared Spectroscopy
Surface Science Techniques
Concluding Remarks
SOLID CATALYSTS
Requirements of a Successful Catalyst
Structure of Metals, Oxides and Sulfides and their Surfaces
Characteristics of Small Particles and Porous Material
Catalyst Supports
Preparation of Supported Catalysts
Unsupported Catalysts
Zeolites
Catalyst Testing
SURFACE REACTIVITY
Introduction
Physisorption
Chemical Bonding
Chemisorption
Important Trends in Surface Reactivity
KINETICS OF REACTIONS ON SURFACES
Elementary Surface Reactions
Kinetic Parameters from Fitting Langmuir-Hinshelwood Models
Micro-kinetic Modeling
HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS IN PRACTICE: HYDROGEN
Introduction
Steam Reforming Process
Reactions of Synthesis Gas
Water Gas Shift Reaction
Synthesis of Ammonia
Promoters and Inhibitors
The Hydrogen Society
OIL REFINING AND PRETROCHEMISTRY
Crude Oil
Hydrotreating
Gasoline Production
Petrochemistry: Reactions of Small Olefins
ENVIRONMENTAL CATALYSIS
Introduction
Automotive Exhaust Catalysis
Air Pollution by Large Stationary Sources
QUESTIONS AND EXERCISES
Appendix A
Index
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Ib Chorkendoff is professor in Heterogeneous Catalysis and director of the Danish National Research Foundation "Center for Individual Nanoparticle Functionality". He has been author and co-author of more than 100 scientific papers and a patent (see also www.physik.ttu.dk/~ibchork/). He has been awarded the Brinch Award and is an elected member of the Danish Academy of Natural Sciences (DNA) and the Academy for Technical Sciences (ATV).

Hans Niemantsverdriet is professor in Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, director of the Schuit Institute of Catalysis and dean of the Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry. He is (co)author of about 185 scientific papers and of 3 books (see also www.catalysis.nl). H. Niemantsverdriet has been editor of the Journal of Catalysis since 1996, and served as managing editor of CaTTech between 1996 and 2001. He is member of the editorial boards of Applied Surface Science, and Physical Chemistry - Chemical Physics. He served as chairman of the Netherlands Vacuum Society NEVAC (1997-2000) and as president of the European Federation of Catalysis Societies, EFCATS (1999-2001).
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From Reviews of the Project Proposal:
'... such an enterprise will be of great value to the community, to professionals as well as graduate and undergraduate students attempting to move into the field of modern catalysis and kinetics. I strongly recommend you publish this book based on the proposal.' - Prof. Dr. G. A. Samorjai, University of California

'Both authors are well respected specialists, with a very long record of original top-quality work and an international reputation. A book from these authors will be considered an authoritative piece of work, I definitely support this project and I am looking forward to use the book when published.' - Prof. Dr. D. E. Resasco, University of Oklahoma

'I wholly support the proposed project. The authors are very competent young colleagues and there is a real need for such a textbook' - Prof. Dr. G. Ertl, Fritz-Haber-Institut, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin

"I am impressed by the coverage of the book and it is a valuable addition to the catalysis literature and I highly recommend purchase"
Energy Sources

"The book's structure is based on academic courses taught over the years by the two authors. Questions and exercises are offered at the end of the book. Highly recommended."
Choice

"...this excellent book is highly recommended to students at technical universities, but also entrants in chemical industry. Furthermore, this informative handbook is also a must for all professionals in the community."
AFS

"The text is well written and easy to follow, with references provided for the reader who wants to know more. The text is enlivened by snippets of information and comment... If you are looking for a good textbook on heterogeneous catalysis, "Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics" is well worth considering. It is certainly a book I would have liked to have read when I started in catalysis research."
Platinum Metals Review

"The authors are experienced experts, who have a fundamental understanding of catalysis - from its theoretical-chemical and physical-chemical basics right up to applications in process technology. I wholeheartedly recommend this book to anyone seeking a solid basis in the field of catalysis."
Chemie Ingenieur Technik

"In summary "Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics" is a valuable guide to enter and travel the sometimes rather labyrinthine trails in heterogeneous catalysis. "
ChemPhysChem

"The book is well written and richly illustrated with instructive black and white diagrams. Students, especially those at Eindhoven and Lyngby, will have to read it from cover to cover. More mature readers, such as myself, have the privilege to skip the dry bits on kinetics and focus on the catalysis parts for the sheer excitement of the facts... The book does catalysis justice as a central concept of chemistry."
Chemistry & Industry

"This book is a thorough and comprehensive introduction to the science and application of heterogeneous catalysis."
Applied Organometallic Chemistry

"This book will be a valuable addition to many chemistry libraries... For the specialist in heterogeneous catalysis, the book provides a wealth of information regarding both fundamentals and applications."
Synthesis

From Reviews of the Project Proposal:

"...such an enterprise will be of great value to the community, to professionals as well as graduate and undergraduate students attempting to move into the field of modern catalysis and kinetics. I strongly recommend you publish this book based on the proposal."
Prof. Dr. G. A. Samorjai, University of California

"Both authors are well respected specialists, with a very long record of original top-quality work and an international reputation. A book from these authors will be considered an authoritative piece of work, I definitely support this project and I am looking forward to use the book when published."
Prof. Dr. D. E. Resasco, University of Oklahoma

"I wholly support the proposed project. The authors are very competent young colleagues and there is a real need for such a textbook."
Prof. Dr. G. Ertl, Fritz-Haber-Institut, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin

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