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Risk Analysis of Water Pollution, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-3-527-32173-5
327 pages
June 2009
Risk Analysis of Water Pollution, 2nd Edition (352732173X) cover image

Description

This new edition of a classic text has now been extensively updated to include the latest developments in risk analysis and water quality assessment and management. It takes into account the role of ecological water quality in integrated regional and transboundary water resources management, according to the latest UNESCO programmes and the new EU-Water Framework Directive.
This practice-oriented textbook is a unique tool for identifying and evaluating local and regional environmental risks from pollution hazards in groundwater, river water and coastal seawaters. The book explains different risk-based probabilistic methodologies and fuzzy logic-based approaches and includes various mathematical models for water quality simulation and theories, such as the decision analysis, the utility theory and the integrated risk-based multi-criteria assessment and management, in order to thoroughly evaluate several case studies from the real world.
Questions testing the reader?s understanding are given at the end of each chapter, and a useful appendix provides hints for answering them as well the solutions themselves.
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Table of Contents

WATER RESOURCES: QUANTITY AND QUALITY
Water Pollution and Risk Analysis
Water Pollution in Transboundary Regions
The EU Water Framework Directive
Uncertainties in Water Resources Management
Environmental Risk Assessment and Management
Aim and Organisation of the Book
Questions and Problems -
Chapter 1
RISK IDENTIFICATION
Definition of Risk
Typology of Risks and the Precautionary Principle
Uncertainties in Water Pollution Problems
Water Quality Specifications
Probabilistic Risk and Reliability
Fuzzy Risk and Reliability
Questions and Problems -
Chapter 2
RISK QUANTIFICATION
Stochastic Approach
Fuzzy Set Theory
Time Dependence and System Risk
Questions and Problems -
Chapter 3
RISK ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL WATER QUALITY
Risk in Coastal Water Pollution
Risk in River Water Quality
Risk in Groundwater Contamination
Questions and Problems -
Chapter 4
RISK MANAGEMENT
Performance Indices and Figures of Merit
Objective Functions and Optimisation
Basic Decision Theory
Elements of the Utility Theory
Multi-Objective Decision Analysis
Questions and Problems -
Chapter 5
CASE STUDIES
Coastal Pollution: The Thermaikos Gulf (Macedonia, Greece)
River Water Quality: The Axios River (Macedonia, Greece)
Groundwater Pollution: The Campaspe Aquifer (Victoria, Australia)
APPENDIX A: THE PROBABILISTIC APPROACH
Basic Probability
The Multiplicative Law
Statistical Independence
Rare Events
Theorem of Total Probability
Bayes-Theorem
Random Variables
Expectation, Variance and Standard Deviation
Derived Distributions
Two-Dimensional Distributions
Functions of Random Vectors
APPENDIX B: THE FUZZY SET THEORY
Basic Definitions
Fuzzy Sets
h-Level Sets, Normal and Convex Fuzzy Sets
Fuzzy Numbers
Cartesian Product
Extension Principle
Arithmetic Operations on Fuzzy Numbers as Extension of Interval Analysis
Arithmetic Operations on Intervals
APPENDIX C: HINTS FOR ANSWERING QUESTIONS AND SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS
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Author Information

Jacques Ganoulis is a Professor of Civil Engineering at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece). He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Toulouse (France) and has been a visiting scholar at the Universities of Erlangen (Germany), McGill (Canada), Melbourne (Australia), and Paris VI, France. He is an internationally well-known expert on groundwater and surface water resources management and the coordinator of the UNESCO Chair/International Network of Water-Environment Centres for the Balkans (INWEB) on "sustainable management of water and conflict resolution".
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