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Controlled and Living Polymerizations: From Mechanisms to Applications

ISBN: 978-3-527-32492-7
634 pages
September 2009
Controlled and Living Polymerizations: From Mechanisms to Applications  (3527324925) cover image
Written by a highly prestigious and knowledgeable team of top scientists in the field, this book provides an overview of the current status of controlled/living polymerization, combining the synthetic, mechanistic and application-oriented aspects.
From the contents:
* Anionic Vinyl Polymerization
* Carbocationic Polymerization
* Radical Polymerization
* Coordinative Polymerization of Olefins
* Ring-Opening Polymerization of Heterocycles
* Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization
* Macromolecular Architectures
* Complex Functional Macromolecules
* Synthesis of Block and Graft Copolymers
* Bulk and Solution Structures of Block Copolymers
* Industrial Applications
While some of the material is based on chapters taken from the four-volume work "Macromolecular Engineering", it is completely updated and rewritten to reflect the focus of this monograph.
Must-have knowledge for polymer and organic chemists, plastics technologists, materials scientists and chemical engineers.
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ANIONIC VINYL POLYMERIZATION
Introduction
Structure of Carbanions
Initiation
Mechanism of Styrene and Diene Polymerization
Mechanism of Anionic Polymerization of Acrylic Monomers
Some Applications of Anionic Polymerization
Conclusions and Outlook
CARBOCATIONIC POLYMERIZATION
Introduction
Mechanistic and Kinetic Details of Living Cationic Polymerization
Living Cationic Polymerization
Functional Polymers by Living Cationic Polymerization
Telechelic Polymers
Macromonomers
Linear Diblock Copolymers
Linear Triblock Copolymers
Block Copolymers with Nonlinear Architecture
Branched and Hyperbranched Polymers
Surface Initiated Polymerization -
Polymer Brushes
Conclusions
RADICAL POLYMERIZATION
Introduction
Typical Features of Radical Polymerization
Controlled Reversible-Deactivation Radical Polymerization
SFRP: NMP and OMRP Systems -
Examples and Peculiarities
ATRP -
Examples and Peculiarities
Degenerative Transfer Processes and RAFT
Relative Advantages and Limitations of SFRP, ATRP, and DT Processes
Controlled Polymer Architectures by CRP: Topology
Chain Composition
Functional Polymers
Applications of Materials Prepared by CRP
Outlook
LIVING TRANSITION METAL-CATALYZED ALKENE PÜOLYMERIZATION: POLYOLEFIN SYNTHESIS AND NEW POLYMER ARCHITECTURES
Introduction
Living Alpha-Olefin Polymerization
Living Propylene Polymerization
Living Polymerization of Ethylene
Living Nonconjugated Diene Polymerization
Living Homo- and Copolymerization of Cyclic Olefins
Random Copolymers
Block Copolymers
Outlook and Summary
LIVING RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION OF HETEROCYCLIC MONOMERS
Introduction
Anionic and Coordination Living Ring-Opening Polymerization (LROP)
Cationic CROP and LROP
CROP and LROP Conducted in Dispersions
Conclusions
LIVING RING-OPENING METATHESIS POLYMERIZATION
Overview of Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP)
Initiators for Living ROMP
Applications of Polymers Synthesized using ROMP: From Novel Materials to Commerical Products
Challenges and Perspectives for the Future
Conclusion
MACROMOLECULAR ARCHITECTURES BY LIVING AND CONTROLLED/
LIVING POLYMERIZATIONS
Introduction
Star Polymers
Comb Polymers
Cyclic Polymers
Dendritic Polymers
Complex Macromolecular Architectures
Applications
Conclusions
SYNTHESIS OF BLOCK AND GRAFT COPOLYMERS
Introduction
Principles of Block Copolymerization
ABA Triblock Copolymers
(AB)n Linear Multiblock Copolymers
ABC Triblock Terpolymers
Synthesis of ABCA Tetra- and ABCBA Pentablock Terpolymers
Synthesis of ABCD Quaterpolymers
Applications
Concluding Remarks
MORPHOLOGIES IN BLOCK COPOLYMERS
Introduction
Block Copolymers in Bulk State
Block Copolymer Thin Films
Block Copolymer Micelles
Applications
Summary and Outlook
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Synthesis of Anionic Styrenic Block Copolymers
Adhesives and Sealants
Compounding Applications
Polymer Modification
Cross-Linked Systems
Bitumen Modification
Footwear
Viscosity Modification and Other Highly Diluted SBC Applications
Emerging Technology in Block Copolymers
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Axel H.E. Müller holds the Chair of Macromolecular Chemistry at Bayreuth University, Germany. He received his academic degrees in chemistry from the University of Mainz, Germany, with G.V. Schulz. His research focuses on the synthesis and self-organization of well-defined polymer structures by living/controlled techniques. Professor Müller has contributed over 300 publications in polymer science. He received the IUPAC World Polymer Congress MACRO 2004 award "Distinguished Polymer Scientist". In addition, he has been coordinator of various European research networks, organizer of international meetings and is Senior Editor of the journal Polymer.

Krzysztof Matyjaszewski is J.C. Warner Professor of Natural Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, USA and also adjunct Professor at the Polish Academy of Sciences. His research focus is on macromolecular engineering, especially on the synthesis of well-defined copolymers using atom transfer radical polymerization and other controlled/living polymerization techniques. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering and the Polish Academy of Sciences and is the editor of the journals Progress in Polymer Science and Central European Journal of Chemistry. Professor Matyjaszewski authored 13 books, over 60 book chapters, more than 600 peer-reviewed publications and holds 38 US patents. He received several awards from the American Chemical Society, including the 2009 Presidential Award in Green Chemistry.
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"Written by a highly prestigious and knowledgeable team of top scientists in the field, this book provides an overview of the current status of controlled/living polymerisation, combining the synthetic, mechanistic and application-oriented aspects." (ET Polymers, 1 March 2011)

"In summary, this book is an excellent resource for chemical professionals interested in controlled/living polymerization, and the clear, concise presentation of the mechanisms for such polymerizations accompanied by the comprehensive literature references renders this book useful to both novices and experts." (JACS, 2010)

All in all, Mu¨ller and Matyjaszewski have done a marvelous job. Their book deserves the label ‘‘must-have’’ for graduate students and academic or industrial scientists, who are either working or interested in the area of modern polymer synthesis (
Macromolecular Chemistry & Physics, March 2010)
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October 19, 2009
Controlled and Living Polymerizations: From Mechanisms to Applications

Wiley-VCH has published the eagerly awaited overview of the current status of controlled/living polymerization. Controlled and Living Polymerizations: From Mechanisms to Applications delivers cutting edge knowledge from a highly prestigious team of authors.

Polymers consist of many building blocks which produce chains, flexible or rigid networks, or bundles. Depending on the lengths of the chains, the building blocks and the interconnections, the properties and resulting applications of the polymeric material produced vary enormously. Controlled/living polymerization is a synthesis tool for the preparation of tailor-made properties of polymeric materials, which is highly important for the polymer industry.

Controlled and Living Polymerizations: From Mechanisms to Applications explores this fast-moving area of polymer research, presenting an invaluable overview. Designing the properties of polymers and materials is essential for industry. This synthetic method presents a straightforward, time-efficient solution, highly effective for industrial applications.

Authored and edited by the top scientists in the field, this text contains the latest knowledge. The authors focus on synthetic and mechanistic aspects as well as on materials which these methods produce, and their resulting applications.

Controlled and Living Polymerizations: From Mechanisms to Applications is highly important for polymer chemists, organic chemists, plastics technologists, materials scientists, chemical engineers, in both academe and industry.

 

CONTENTS

Anionic Vinyl Polymerization
Carbocationic Polymerization
Radical Polymerization
Living Transition Metal-Catalyzed Alkene Püolymerization: Polyolefin Synthesis and New Polymer Architectures
Living Ring-Opening Polymerization of Heterocyclic Monomers
Living Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization
Macromolecular Architectures by Living and Controlled/Living Polymerizations
Synthesis of Block and Graft Copolymers
Morphologies in Block Copolymers
Industrial Applications

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