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Aerosols: Science and Technology

Igor Agranovski (Editor)
ISBN: 978-3-527-32660-0
492 pages
August 2010
Aerosols: Science and Technology (352732660X) cover image
This self-contained handbook and ready reference examines aerosol science and technology in depth, providing a detailed insight into this progressive field. As such, it covers fundamental concepts, experimental methods, and a wide variety of applications, ranging from aerosol filtration to biological aerosols, and from the synthesis of carbon nanotubes to aerosol reactors.
Written by a host of internationally renowned experts in the field, this is an essential resource for chemists and engineers in the chemical and materials disciplines across multiple industries, as well as ideal supplementary reading in graduate level courses.
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Introduction
INTRODUCTION TO AEROSOLS
Introduction
Aerosol Phenomenology
Drag Force and Diffusivity
Diffusion Charging of Aerosol Particles
Fractal Aggregates
Coagulation
Laser-Induced Aerosols
Conclusion

PART I: Aerosol Formation

HIGH-TEMPERATURE AEROSOL SYSTEMS
Introduction
Main High-Temperature Processes for Aerosol Formation
Basic Dynamic Processes in High-Temperature Aerosol Systems
Particle Tailoring in High-Temperature Processes
AEROSOL SYNTHESIS OF SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES
Introduction
Aerosol-Unsupported Chemical Vapor Deposition Methods
Control and Optimization of Aerosol Synthesis
Carbon Nanotube Bundling and Growth Mechanisms
Integration of the Carbon Nanotubes
Summary
CONDENSATIONS, EVAPORATION, NUCLEATION
Introduction
Condensation
Condensation in the Transition Regime
Evaporation
Uptake
Balancing Fluxes
Nucleation
Nucleation-Controlled Processes
Conclusion
COMBUSTION-DERIVED CARBONACEOUS AEROSOLS (SOOT) IN THE ATMOSPHERE: WATER INATERACTION AND CLIMATE EFFECTS
Black Carbon Aerosols in the Atmosphere: Emissions and Climate Effects
Physico-Chemical Properties of Black Carbon Aerosols
Water Uptake by Black Carbons
Conclusions
RADIOACTIVE AEROSOLS -
CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT CASE STUDY
Introduction
Environmental Aerosols
Aerosols inside the Vicinity of the "Shelter" Building

PART II: Aerosol Measurement and Characterization

APPLICATIONS OF OPTICAL METHODS FOR MICROMETER AND SUBMICROMETER PARTICLE MEASUREMENTS
Introduction
Optical Methods in Particle Measurements
Short Overview of Light Scattering Theories
Classification of Optical Instruments for Particle Measurements
Development of Airborne and Liquid-borne Particle Counters and Sizers
New Methods Used to Characterize the Electrical Charge and Density of the Particles
Aerosol Analyzers for Measurement of the Complex Refractive Index of Aerosol Particles
Comparison of Commercially Available Instruments and Analysis of the Trends of Further Developments
Conclusions
THE INVERSE PROBLEM AND AEROSOL MEASUREMENTS
Introduction
Forms of Representation of Particle Size Distribution
Differential and Integral Measurements
Differential Mobility Analysis
Diffusion Aerosol Spectrometry
Conclusions

PART III: Aerosol Removal

HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT AND PRESENT STATE OF POLYMERIC FINE-FIBER UNWOVEN PETRYANOV FILTER MATERIALS FOR AEROSOL ENTRAPMENT
DEPOSITION OF AEROSOL NANOPARTICLES IN MODEL FIBROUS FILTERS
Introduction
Results of Numerical Modeling of Nanoparticle Deposition in Two-Dimensional Model Filters
Penetration of Nanoparticles through Wire Screen Diffusion Batteries
Conclusion
FILTRATION OF LIQUID AND SOLID AEROSOLS ON LIQUID-COATED FILTERS
Introduction
Wettable Filtration Materials
Non-Wettable Filtration Materials
Filtration on a Porous Medium Submerged into a Liquid

PART IV: Atmospheric and Biological Aerosols

ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOLS
General Concepts
Atmospheric Aerosols of Different Nature
Temporal and Dimensional Structure of Atmospheric Aerosols
Aerosols in the Stratosphere
BIOLOGICAL AEROSOLS
Introduction
History of Bioaerosol Research
Main Definitions and Types of Bioaerosol Particles
Sources of Biological Particles and their Aerosolization
Sampling and Collection
Analysis
Real-Time Measurement of Bioaerosols
Purification of Indoor Air Contaminated with Bioaerosol Particles and Respiratory Protection
ATMOSPHERIC BIOAEROSOLS
Introduction
Methods of Atmospheric Bioaerosol Research
Atmospheric Bioaerosol Studies
Conclusion

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Prof. Agranovski is a research scientist with 24 years experience in aerosol science and nanotechnology and their applications in design and implementation of air pollution control and monitoring technologies. He has published more than 120 papers and has 5 patents to his name. He worked as a consultant for 49 companies worldwide and developed more than 30 new technologies.
Prof. Agranovski is an Editor of CLEAN-Soil, Air, Water Journal. During his career, he worked as visiting professor at a number of universities in various countries including Japan, Russia, France, USA, UK, Hong Kong, Korea and many others.
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