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Cellulose Based Composites: New Green Nanomaterials

ISBN: 978-3-527-32719-5
328 pages
May 2014
Cellulose Based Composites: New Green Nanomaterials (3527327193) cover image
Aimed at researchers involved in this emerging field in both academia and industry, this book is unique in its focus on cellulose nanofibers, especially nano-composites, nanomoities and other plant based-resins and their composites. Despite its concise presentation, this handbook and ready reference provides a complete overview, containing such important topics as electrospinning, isolation, characterization and deposition of metallic nanoparticles.
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Preface

SECTION I: Cellulose Nanofiber- and Macrofiber Based Composites

CELLULOSE-NANOFIBER-BASED MATERIALS
Introduction
The Percolation and Entanglement Phenomena of Cellulose Nanofibers
Cellulose-Nanofiber-Based Materials
Extraction of Cellulose Nanofibers
Cellulose-Nanofiber-Based Materials for Structural and Semistructural Applications
Optically Transparent Materials Reinforced with Cellulose Nanofibers
Green Cellulose-Nanofiber-Based Materials
Future Prospects

FABRICATION AND EVALUATION OF CELLULOSE-NANOFIBER-REINFORCED GREEN COMPOSITES
Introduction
Cellulose Nanofiber
Preparation of Cellulose Nanofibers
Fabrication of Cellulose-Nanofiber-Reinforced Composites
Properties of Cellulose-Nanofiber-Reinforced Composites
Summary

CELLULOSE MICROFIBRILS ISOLATED FROM MUSACEAE FIBROUS RESIDUES
Introduction
Vascular Bundles
Isolation and Purification of Cellulose Microfibrils from Vascular Bundles
Chemical Characterization of Cellulose Microfibrils
Structure and Morphology of Cellulose Microfibrils
Thermal Behavior of Cellulose Microfibrils
Conclusions
Materials and Methods

NANOCOMPOSITES BASED ON MATRICES EXTRACTED FROM VEGETABLE OILS AND BACTERIAL CELLULOSE
Introduction
Vegetable Oils
Bacterial Cellulose
Bacterial and Plant-Based Cellulose Nanocomposites with Polymer Matrices
Applications

NANO- AND MICROFIBER COMPOSITES REINFORCED WITH CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTALS
Introduction
Cellulose Nanocrystals
Electrospinning
Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNs) for the Production of Composites
Electrospun Nanofibers Reinforced with CNs
Applications of CN-Based Composites
Conclusions

HYDROLYTIC DEGRADATION OF NANOCOMPOSITE FIBERS ELECTROSPUN FROM POLY(LACTIC ACID)/CELLULOSE NANOCRYSTALS
Introduction
Experiments
Results and Discussion
Conclusions

SECTION II: Cellulose-Fiber-Based Composites

ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY "GREEN" RESINS AND ADVANCED GREEN COMPOSITES
Introduction
Experimental
Results and Discussion
Conclusions

TOUGHENING AND STRENGTHENING OF NATURAL FIBER GREEN COMPOSITES
Introduction
Preloading Effect
Effect of Alkali Treatment
Conclusion

COMPOSITES OF NANOCELLULOSE AND LIGNIN-LIKE POLYMERS
Introduction
Experimental
Results and Discussion
Conclusions

BIODEGRADABLE POLYMER MATERIALS FROM PROTEINS PRODUCED BY THE ANIMAL COPRODUCTS INDUSTRY: BLOODMEAL
Introduction
Materials and Experimental Procedures
Results and Discussion
Conclusions

SECTION III: Cellulose and Other Nanoparticles

BIOCOMPOSITES MADE FROM BOVINE BONE AND CRYSTALS OF SILVER AND PLATINUM
Introduction
Bovine Bone -
Platinum Composites
Bovine Bone -
Silver Composites
Conclusions

BIO-INSPIRED SYNTHESIS OF METAL NANOPARTICLES USING CELLULOSIC SUBSTRATES AS NATURE TEMPLATES
Introduction
Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles Using Wood as a Template
Summary

CONFORMAL COATING OF ANTIMICROBIAL SILVER NANOPARTICLES ON CATIONIC AND ANIONIC CELLULOSIC SUBSTRATES
Introduction
Preparation of Anionic and Cationic Cotton Fabrics
Results and Discussion
Conclusions

WOOD/BIOPOLYMER/NANOCLAY COMPOSITES
Biopolymers
PLA/Clay Nanocomposites
PLA/Wood Flour Composites
PLA/Clay/Wood Composites
Conclusions

Index
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Juan P. Hinestroza is Associate Professor of Fiber Science and directs the Textiles Nanotechnology Laboratory in the Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design at the College of Human Ecology of Cornell University. Prior to pursuing doctoral studies, he worked as a process control engineer for The Dow Chemical Company. From 2007-2010, Professor Hinestroza was chair and organizer of sessions on natural and green composites for the Division of Cellulose and Renewable Materials of the American Chemical Society annual meetings. Professor Hinestroza has been the recipient of a many awards including the National Science Foundation CAREER award, the J.D. Watson Young Investigator award from the NY State Foundation for Science Technology and Innovation and the Educator of the Year Award from the Society of Professional Hispanic Engineers.

Anil N. Netravali is Professor of Fiber Science in the Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design at Cornell University. His main research is in the field of Fiber Reinforced Composites. In recent years he has made significant contributions in the area of sustainable 'Green' composites and materials. He is a member of the American Chemical Society, the American Nano Society and The Fiber Society. He was the recipient of the Fiber Society Founder's Award in 2012. He serves as an adjunct faculty in the Dept. of Materials Science & Engineering at Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL and Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM), Manaus, Brazil. He serves on the Editorial Advisory Boards of several research journals including Composites Science and Technology, Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy, Journal of Renewable Materials, Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives, Fibers, Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics and Textile Research Journal
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