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Microwaves in Nanoparticle Synthesis: Fundamentals and Applications

Satoshi Horikoshi (Editor), Nick Serpone (Editor)
ISBN: 978-3-527-33197-0
352 pages
May 2013
Microwaves in Nanoparticle Synthesis: Fundamentals and Applications (3527331972) cover image

Description

For the first time, this comprehensive handbook presents the emerging field of microwave technology for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Divided into three parts--fundamentals, methods, and applications--it covers topics including microwave theory, scale-up, microwave plasma synthesis, characterization, and more. This offers both an important volume for academic researchers, and a resource for those in industry exploring the applications of nanoparticles in semiconductors, electronics, catalysis, sensors, and more.
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Table of Contents

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION TO NANOPARTICLES
General Introduction to Nanoparticles
Methods of Nanoparticle Synthesis
Surface Plasmon Resonance and Coloring
Control of Size, Shape, and Structure
Reducing Agent in Nanoparticle Synthesis
Applications of Metallic Nanoparticles

GENERAL FEATURES OF MICROWAVE CHEMISTRY
Microwave Heating
Some Applications of Microwave Heating
Microwave Chemistry
Microwave Chemical Reaction Equipment

CONSIDERATIONS OF MICROWAVE HEATING
General Considerations of Microwave Heating
Peculiar Microwave Heating
Relevant Points of Effective Microwave Heating

COMBINED ENERGY SOURCES IN THE SYNTHESIS OF NANOMATERIALS
Introduction
Simultaneous Ultrasound/Microwave Treatments
Sequential Ultrasound and Microwaves
Conclusions

NANOPARTICLE SYNTHESIS THROUGH MICROWAVE HEATING
Introduction
Microwave Frequency Effects
Nanoparticle Synthesis under a Microwave Magnetic Field
Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles by a Greener Microwave Hydrothermal Method
Nanoparticle Synthesis with Microwaves under Cooling Conditions
Positive Aspects of Microwaves - Thermal Distribution in Nanoparticle Synthesis
Microwave-Assisted Nanoparticle Synthesis in Continuous Flow Apparatuses

MICROWAVE-ASSISTED SOLUTION SYNTHESIS OF NANOMATERIALS
Introduction
Synthesis of ZnO Nanocrystals
Synthesis of a-Fe2O3 Nanostructures
Element-Based Nanostructures and Nanocomposite
Chalcogenide Nanostructures
Graphene
Summary

PRECISELY CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS OF METAL NANOPARTICLES UNDER MICROWAVE
IRRADIATION
Introduction
Precise Control of Single Component under Microwave Irradiation
Precise Control of Multicomponent Structures under Microwave Irradiation
An Example of Mass Production Oriented to Application
Conclusion

MICROWAVE-ASSISTED NONAQUEOUS ROUTES TO METAL OXIDE NANOPARTICLES
AND NANOSTRUCTURES
Introduction
Nonaqueous Sol -
Gel Chemistry
Polyol Route
Benzyl Alcohol Route
Other Mono-Alcohols
Ionic Liquids
Nonaqueous Microwave Chemistry beyond Metal Oxides
Summary and Outlook

INPUT OF MICROWAVES FOR NANOCRYSTAL SYNTHESIS AND SURFACE
FUNCTIONALIZATION FOCUS ON IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES
Introduction
Biomedical Applications of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles
Nanoparticle Synthesis
Nanoparticle Surface Functionalization
Microwave-Assisted Chemistry
Conclusions

MICROWAVE-ASSISTED CONTINUOUS SYNTHESIS OF INORGANIC NANOMATERIALS
Introduction and Overview
Microwave-Assisted Continuous Synthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials
Types of Microwave Apparatus Used in Continuous Synthesis
Microwave Continuous Synthesis of Molecular Sieve Materials
Microwave Continuous Synthesis of Metal Oxides and Mixed Metal Oxide Materials
Microwave Continuous Synthesis of Metallic Nanomaterials
Conclusions and Outlook

MICROWAVE PLASMA SYNTHESIS OF NANOPARTICLES: FROM THEORETICAL BACKGROUND AND EXPERIMENTAL REALIZATION TO NANOPARTICLES WITH SPECIAL PROPERTIES
Introduction
Using Microwave Plasmas for Nanoparticle Synthesis
Experimental Realization of the Microwave Plasma Synthesis
Infl uence of Experimental Parameters
Nanoparticle Properties and Application
Summary

OXIDATION, PURIFI CATION AND FUNCTIONALIZATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES UNDER
MICROWAVE IRRADIATION
Introduction
Oxidation and Purifi cation
Functionalization
Conclusion

INDEX

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Author Information

Satoshi Horikoshi received his PhD degree in 1999 from Meisei University, and subsequently was a postdoctoral researcher at the Frontier Research Center for the Global Environment Science unitl 2006. He joined Sophia University as Assistant Professor in 2006, and then moved to Tokyo University of Science as an associate professor in 2008. He is currently the Vice-President of the Japan Society of Electromagnetic Wave Energy Applications, a Member of the Board of the International Microwave Power Institute, and the Editorial Advisory Board of Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry.His research interests include the application of microwave radiation to catalytic chemistry, to the effects of microwaves on photocatalysts for environmental protection, to the microwave-assisted organic syntheses, and to microwave effects on nanoparticles. He has authored over 110 scientific publications.

Nick Serpone received his Ph.D. from Cornell University (Physical-Inorganic Chemistry, 1968), after which he joined Concordia University in Montreal as Assistant Professor (1968-73), Associate Professor (1973-1980), and Professor (1980-1998). He was a consultant to 3M?s Imaging Sector for over 10 years. He took early retirement from Concordia University (1998) and was made a University Research Professor (1998-2004) and Professor Emeritus (2000 to present). He was Program Director at NSF (1998-2001) and has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Pavia, Italy, since 2002. His research interests are currently in the photophysics and photochemistry of semiconductor metal oxides, heterogeneous photocatalysis, environmental photochemistry, photochemistry of sunscreen active agents, and application of microwaves to nanomaterials and to environmental remediation. He has co-authored over 400 articles and has co-edited four monographs (for Wiley, Elsevier and the American Chemical Society).
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