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Emulsions, Foams, Suspensions, and Aerosols: Microscience and Applications, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-3-527-33706-4
512 pages
October 2014
Emulsions, Foams, Suspensions, and Aerosols: Microscience and Applications, 2nd Edition (3527337067) cover image

Description

This is the first book to provide an integrated introduction to the nature, formation and occurrence, stability, propagation, and uses of the most common types of colloidal dispersion in the process-related industries. The primary focus is on the applications of the principles, paying attention to practical processes and problems. This is done both as part of the treatment of the fundamentals, where appropriate, and also in the separate sections devoted to specifi c kinds of industries. Throughout, the treatment is integrated, with the principles of colloid and interface science common to each dispersion type presented for each major physical property class, followed by separate treatments of features unique to emulsions, foams, or suspensions.
The first half of the book introduces the fundamental principles, introducing readers to suspension formation and stability, characterization, and fl ow properties, emphasizing practical aspects throughout. The following chapters discuss a wide range of industrial applications and examples, serving to emphasize the diff erent methodologies that have been successfully applied.
The author assumes no prior knowledge of colloid chemistry and, with its glossary of key terms, complete cross-referencing and indexing, this is a must-have for graduate and professional scientists and engineers who may encounter or use emulsions, foams, or suspensions, or combinations thereof, whether in process design, industrial production, or in related R&D fields.
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Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
From the Colloidal State to Nanotechnology
Classification of Emulsions, Foams, Suspensions and Aerosols
Characterization and Stability

DISPERSION AND DISPERSED SPECIES CHARACTERIZATION
Introduction
Surface Area, Surfaces, Porosity and Permeability
Size and Size Distribution
Conductivity
Sedimentation, Creaming and Centrifugation
Characterization of Emulsions
Characterization of Foams
Characterization of Suspensions
Characterization of Aerosols

INTERFACIAL ENERGETICS
Surface Area
Surface and Interfacial Tensions
Pressure and Curved Surfaces
Contact Angle and Wettability
Surfactants and Micelles
Applications of Surface Activity
Other Lyophilic Colloids: Microemulsions

ELECTROKINETICS
Charged Interfaces
Electric Double Layer
Electrokinetic Phenomena
Electrostatic Properties in Non-aqueous Media

COLLOID STABILITY
Introduction
Electrostatic and Dispersion Forces
DLVO Theory and Practice
Hydration and Steric Effects
Additional Stabilizing Influences
Kinetics
Destabilization of Colloids

COLLOID RHEOLOGY
Introduction
Principles
Measurement
Non-Newtonian Flow Properties
Other Viscosity Nomenclature and Parameters
Dispersion Rheology
Surface Rheology
Flow in Pipelines and Constraining Media

PREPARATION, INHIBITION AND DESTRUCTION OF DISPERSIONS
Introduction
Preparation
Destruction and/or Inhibition

INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
General Uses
Emulsions
Foams
Suspensions
Aerosols
Hazards

APPLICATIONS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
Introduction
Rocks, Sediments and Soils
Environmental Soil Remediation
Water and Wastewater Treatment
Spills and Other Hazards
Environmental Foam Blankets
Environmental Aerosols

MINING AND MINERAL PROCESSING APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Hydraulic Mining and Hydrotransport
Mineral Flotation
Tailings and Tailings Ponds
Dust-Suppressing Foam Blankets

PETROLEUM INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS
Oilwells, Gas Wells and Near Wells
Reservoirs
Surface Operations

MANUFACTURING AND MATERIALS SCIENCE APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Wood Processing and Papermaking
Inks and Printing
Emulsions for Road Paving
Metalworking
Cleaning Processes
Surface Coatings Including Paints
Polymer Synthesis
Ceramics Manufacture
Firefighting Foams
Other Applications

FOOD PRODUCT AND AGRICULTURAL APPLICATIONS
Introduction to Food Colloids
Stabilizing Agents
Preparation
Stability
Protein-Stabilized Emulsions
Non-Protein-Stabilized Emulsions
Foam Food Products
Other Food Colloids
Introduction to Agricultural Colloids

BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Vesicle Carriers
Polymer Coatings
Emulsion Carriers
Colloids in Diagnostics
Smart Materials in Medicine

PERSONAL CARE PRODUCT APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Detergents, Shampoos and Conditioners
Cosmetic Skin Care Products
Other Personal Care Products

EMERGING AREAS IN EMULSION, FOAMS, SUSPENSIONS AND AEROSOLS
Introduction
Microscopy, Supermicroscopy and Nanoscopy
Combatting Terror Agents
Smart Colloids and Smart Materials
Nanomaterials and Nanodispersions
Nanoscience Phenomenology and Biomimetics

Index
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Author Information

Dr. Laurier L. Schramm is President and CEO of the Saskatchewan Research Council (SRC). He is also an Honorary Member of the Engineering Institute of Canada and an adjunct professor of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering at the University of Calgary. Prior to joining SRC, Dr. Schramm held a variety of professional and managerial positions with the Alberta Research Council, Petroleum Recovery Institute, and Syncrude Canada Ltd. His main research interests are in the applications of colloid, interface, and petroleum science. He has received major national awards for his research, and is best known for his basic and applied research involving petroleum industry applications of suspensions, emulsions, foams, and surfactants. He holds 17 patents, has published nine books, over 400 other scientific publications and proprietary reports, and has given over 160 national and international scientific and technical presentations. Many of his inventions have been adopted into commercial practice. He has also served on numerous Boards of Directors and national and international expert advisory panels.
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