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Nanocatalysis in Ionic Liquids

Martin H. G. Prechtl (Editor), Jairton Dupont (Foreword by)
ISBN: 978-3-527-33910-5
328 pages
January 2017
Nanocatalysis in Ionic Liquids (3527339108) cover image


Edited and written by renowned experts in the field, this is the first book to reflect the state of the art of nanocatalysis in ionic liquids.
Divided into two core areas, the first part of the book describes the different classes of metal nanoparticles as well as their synthesis in ionic liquids, while the second focuses on such emerging issues as the application of such systems to energy and biomass conversion.
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Table of Contents

List of Contributors XI

Preface XV

Foreword XIX

Symbols and Abbreviations XXI

Part I Synthesis, Characterization, and Evaluation of Nanocatalysts in Ionic Liquids 1

1 Fe, Ru, and Os Nanoparticles 3
Madhu Kaushik, Yuting Feng, Nathaniel Boyce, and Audrey Moores

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 Synthesis of Fe, Ru, and Os NPs in ILs 4

1.2.1 Synthesis via Reduction of Metal Precursors or Ligands 6

1.3 Ionic Liquid Stabilization of Metal Nanoparticles 9

1.4 Applications of Ru, Fe, and Os Nanoparticles to Catalysis 11

1.5 Conclusion 21

Acknowledgments 21

References 21

2 Co, Rh, and Ir Nanoparticles 25
Jackson D. Scholten andMuhammad I. Qadir

2.1 Introduction 25

2.2 Chemical Routes for the Synthesis of Metal NPs in ILs 26

2.3 Catalytic Application of Metal NPs in ILs 31

2.4 Conclusions 37

References 37

3 Ni and Pt Nanoparticles 41
Carla Weber Scheeren

3.1 Introduction 41

3.2 Synthesis and Characterization of Pt NPs in ILs 42

3.3 Catalytic Applications of Pt NPs in ILs 47

3.4 Synthesis and Characterization of Ni NPs in ILs 48

3.5 Catalytic Applications of Ni NPs in ILs 53

3.6 Summary and Conclusions 58

Symbols and Abbreviations 59

Characterization Methods 59

Ionic Liquids 59

References 59

4 Pd Nanoparticles for Coupling Reactions and Domino/Tandem Reactions 63
Anna M. Trzeciak

4.1 Introduction 63

4.2 Formation of Pd NPs in ILs 65

4.3 The Heck Coupling 68

4.4 The Suzuki Reaction 74

4.5 The Stille Coupling 75

4.6 The Sonogashira Coupling 76

4.7 Summary and Conclusions 78

Acknowledgments 79

References 79

5 Soluble Pd Nanoparticles for Catalytic Hydrogenation 83
Ran Zhang and Zhenshan Hou

5.1 Introduction 83

5.2 Synthesis of Pd Nanoparticles in ILs 85

5.3 Pd Nanoparticles for Hydrogenation 88

5.4 Summary and Conclusions 93

Ionic Liquid Abbreviations 93

References 94

6 Au, Ag, and Cu Nanostructures 97
Abhinandan Banerjee and RobertW. J. Scott

6.1 Introduction 97

6.2 Au NPs in the Presence of ILs 98

6.3 Catalytic Applications of AuNP/IL Composites 106

6.4 Ag NPs in the Presence of ILs 108

6.5 Cu NPs in the Presence of ILs 113

6.6 Summary and Conclusions 118

Acronyms 119

References 119

7 Bimetallic Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquids: Synthesis and Catalytic Applications 125
Isabelle Favier, Emmanuelle Teuma, and Montserrat Gómez

7.1 Introduction 125

7.2 Synthesis of Bimetallic Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquids 127

7.3 Applications in Catalysis 137

7.4 Summary and Outlook 143

Acknowledgments 144

References 144

8 Synthesis and Application of Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts in Ionic Liquid Media using Metal Carbonyl Complexes as Precursors 147
Raquel Marcos Esteban and Christoph Janiak

8.1 Introduction 147

8.2 Metal Carbonyls – Synthesis, Structure, and Bonding 150

8.3 Metal Carbonyls for the Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles (M-NPs) 152

8.4 Catalytic Applications of Metal Nanoparticles from Metal Carbonyls in ILs 160

8.5 Conclusions 163

Acknowledgment 164

References 164

9 Top-Down Synthesis Methods for Nanoscale Catalysts 171
Tsukasa Torimoto, Tatsuya Kameyama, and Susumu Kuwabata

9.1 Introduction 171

9.2 Sputter Deposition of Metals in RTILs 172

9.3 Thermal Vapor Deposition on RTILs for Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles 196

9.4 Laser-Induced Downsizing and Ablation of Materials 197

9.5 Preparation of Single Crystals by Vapor Deposition onto RTILs 199

9.6 Conclusion 202

References 203

10 Electrochemical Preparation of Metal Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquids 207
Yasushi Katayama

10.1 Introduction 207

10.2 Basics of Electrodeposition 208

10.3 Electrodeposition of Silver and Formation of Silver Nanoparticles in Ionic Liquids 210

10.4 Electrochemical Formation of the Nanoparticles of Various Metals 215

10.5 Summary and Conclusions 225

References 227

Part II Perspectives for Application of Nanocatalysts in Ionic Liquids 231

11 Tailoring Biomass Conversions using Ionic Liquid Immobilized Metal Nanoparticles 233
Srinidhi Narayanan, Jiaguang Zhang, and Ning Yan

11.1 Introduction 233

11.2 Cellulose 234

11.3 Lignin 238

11.4 Fatty Acid and Its Derivatives 241

11.5 Other Biomass Substrates 243

11.6 Conclusion 245

References 245

12 Nanoparticles on Supported Ionic Liquid Phases – Opportunities for Application in Catalysis 249
Pedro Migowski, Kylie L. Luska, and Walter Leitner

12.1 Introduction 249

12.2 Synthesis of Supported Ionic Liquid Phases (SILPs) 250

12.3 Nanoparticles Immobilized onto Supported Ionic Liquid Phases (NPs@SILPs) 252

12.4 Catalytic Applications of NPs@SILPs 256

12.5 Summary and Conclusions 268

Acknowledgments 269

References 269

13 Photovoltaic, Photocatalytic Application, andWater Splitting 275
Adriano F. Feil, Heberton Wender, and Renato V. Gonçalves

13.1 Introduction 275

13.2 Photovoltaic Cells 276

13.3 Photocatalytic Processes 281

13.4 Water Splitting 285

13.5 Summary and Conclusions 291

References 292

Index 295

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Author Information

Martin Prechtl received the valuable Scientist NRW-Returnee Award 2009 and accepted an offer of the University of Cologne in Germany in 2010, where he also became Privatdozent and Heisenberg-Fellow in 2015. His research interest covers hydrogen storage and selective hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions with molecular and nanoscale catalysts in multiphase systems based on water or ionic liquids. Before moving to Cologne, he studied at the University of Wuppertal (Germany) and the Universidade de So Paulo (Brazil). In So Paulo he did research studies together with Joo Valdir Comasseto (catalysis) and Omar El Seoud (cellulose chemistry), and in Wuppertal he worked on his diploma thesis about ligand design and catalysis under Hans-Josef Altenbach. Martin Prechtl performed his PhD studies in the field of organometallic chemistry and catalysis at the Max-Planck-Institut fr Kohlenforschung in Mlheim/Ruhr in Germany under guidance of Walter Leitner and David Milstein on metal hydride complexes and received the doctoral degree from RWTH Aachen in 2007. Afterwards he worked as Feodor-Lynen-Fellow of the Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul in Porto Alegre (Brazil) with Jairton Dupont and at the Humboldt University Berlin (Germany) with Thomas Braun and Erhard Kemnitz in the fields of nanoparticle synthesis and catalysis.
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