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Resistive Gaseous Detectors: Designs, Performance, and Perspectives

ISBN: 978-3-527-34076-7
400 pages
April 2018
Resistive Gaseous Detectors: Designs, Performance, and Perspectives (3527340769) cover image

Description

This first book to critically summarize the latest achievements and emerging applications within this interdisciplinary topic focuses on one of the most important types of detectors for elementary particles and photons: resistive plate chambers (RPCs).
In the first part, the outstanding, international team of authors comprehensively describes and presents the features and design of single and double-layer RPCs before covering more advanced multi-layer RPCs. The second part then focuses on the application of RPCs in high energy physics, materials science, medicine and security.
Throughout, the experienced authors adopt a didactic approach, with each subject presented in a simple way, increasing in complexity step by step.
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Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Main feature of gaseous detectors with resistive electrodes-spark quenching

HISTORY OF GASEOUS DETECTORS WITH RESISTIVE ELECTRODES
Iarrocci streamer tubes
Multi-wire proportional counters with resistive electrodes
"Pestov" RPC
"Santonico" RPC
Timing RPC
Multigap RPCs
High position resolution RPCs

SINGLE LAYER RPCs
Features of single layer RPCs: designs, construction features, oil treatment and operation
Physics of spark protection
Spark and streamer modes
Signal developments and position information
Time resolution
Choice of gases and resistive materials

DOUBLE LAYER RPCs
Designs, construction features, materials
Dark current, noise pulses
Choice of resistive materials (melamine, Bakelite, glass)
Rate characteristics
Gases and gas systems

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Basic principle of multilayer RPCs operation
Time resolution
Space charge effect
Noise pulses
High rate RPCs
Materials
Chinese /
Pestov glass ceramics
High position resolution RPCs

RPC OPERATION IN HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS
L3 experiment
SLAC BaBar RPCs, problems and solutions
LHC: CMS, ATLAS, ALICE experiments
Gain monitoring and stability
HADES-TOF

ASTROPHYSICS EXPERIMENTS
OPERA detector
ARGO experiment
Extreme energy and others large-scale experiments

UPGRADE DETECTORS;
NEW EXPERIMENTS
LHC detectors upgrades
BESIII-ETOF upgrade
BGO-EGG at LEPS2
SBN-TOF
R3B-FAIR

NEW DEVELOPMENTS
Hybrid designs: Paulo detectors, high pos. resol. detectors for CMS
Micro-pattern detectors with resistive electrodes

APPLICATIONS AND PERSPECTIVES
RPC for time of flight PET
Resistive MICROMEGAS in ATLAS
Neutrons detection
Imaging calorimetry-DHCAL
Homeland security-muon tomography
Mammographic scanner
Prototypes of Rn and Po detectors
Prototypes of flame and spark detectors

CONCLUSIONS
The place of RPCs among present alternative detectors and perspectives
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Author Information

Vladimir Peskov is chief scientist at the Institute for Chemical Physics Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Having obtained his academic degrees from the Institute of Physical Problems RAS in Moscow, he worked in the Physics Laboratory RAS led by P.L. Kapitza where he discovered and studied a new type of plasma instability. In 1986 he obtained an Associate Scientist position at CERN in G. Charpak's group and later spent most of his career working at various Scientific Institutions (CERN, Fermi National Laboratory, NASA and the Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden) on the instrumentation for high energy physics, astrophysics and medicine. He is author or co-author of more than 200 publications, two scientific books and twelve international patents.

Marcello Abbrescia is a researcher and aggregate professor at Bari University, Italy, where he graduated and received his Ph.D. in Physics in 1995. Since the beginning of his scientific career he started working on Resistive Plate Chambers, taking part to the R&D necessary for the LHC experiments. He contributed to design and build the CMS RPC system which had an important role in the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, and he is currently is responsible for its upgrade for the High Luminosity phase of LHC. He developed one of the first models describing RPC behavior, and lead researches on RPC for applications in humanitarian demining or for outreach scopes. He is author and co-author of about 500 papers on particle physics or instrumentation for particle physics.

Paulo Fonte is senior researcher at Laboratory for High Energy Particle Physics and Instrumentation, Portugal, and coordinating professor at the Coimbra Polytechnic Institute. He has been deeply involved in the original development of timing Resistive Plate Chambers and his group has pursued the extension of this technology towards new capabilities and applications, being responsible for the RPC TOF wall of the HADES experiment. He is member of the HADES and RD51 international collaborations. With a special interest in detector physics, he authored or co-authored about 180 publications.
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