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Optical Sensors: Basics and Applications

ISBN: 978-3-527-40860-3
189 pages
March 2010
Optical Sensors: Basics and Applications (3527408606) cover image
Providing an overview of the necessary components and the range of applications from light-barriers to high-resolution surface-scanning interferometers, this is a valuable introduction to the technology of optical sensors as well as a reference for experienced practitioners.
The first part of the book introduces readers to the basics of sensor principles by describing the most important components that can be found in all optical sensors. Based on this opto-electronic toolbox, the second part then goes on to give numerous examples of optical sensors with respect to their applications.
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1 Introduction
Part I: The Optical Sensor Construction Kit
1. Light Sources
1.1 Important Properties of Light Sources
1.2 Thermal Light Sources
1.3 Line Sources
1.4 Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
1.5 Lasers
2. Photodetectors
2.1 Photomultipliers
2.2 Photodiodes
2.3 Other Detector Types
2.4 Imaging Detectors
2.5 Detector Noise
3. Optical Elements
3.1 Optical Materials
3.2 Mirrors and Lenses
3.3 Dispersive Elements: Prisms and Gratings
3.4 Filters
3.5 Polarizers
3.6 Optical Fibres
3.7 Modulators
Part II: Optical Sensors and their Applications
1. Eyes: The Examples of Nature
1.1 The Compound Eyes of Insects
1.2 The Human Eye
2. Optical Sensor Concepts
2.1 Switches
2.1.1 Light Barriers
2.1.2 Rain Sensor
2.2 Spatial Dimensions
2.2.1 Distance
2.2.2 Displacement
2.2.3 Volocity
2.2.4 Angular Velocity
2.3 Strain
2.4 Temperature
2.5 Species Determination and Concentration
2.5.1 Spectrometry
2.5.2 Polarimetry
2.5.3 Refractometry
2.5.4 Particle Density and Number
2.6 Surface Profile
2.6.1 Chromatic-confocal Sensors
2.6.2 Conoscopic Holography
2.6.3 White-light Interferometry
2.6.4 Near-field Optical Microscopy
2.6.5 Contouring: Structured-light Techniques
2.7 Deformation and Vibration Analysis
2.7.1 Laser Vibrometers
2.7.2 Speckle-pattern Interferometry
2.7.3 Holographic Interferometry
2.8 Wavefront Sensing and Adaptive Optics
2.9 Determination of the Sun Angle
2.10 Determination of Age
References
Glossary
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Jörg Haus obtained his academic degrees from the Physics Department of the University of Giessen, Germany. He then gained more than 10 years of experience in the fields of high-precision metrology and optical sensors. Dr. Haus has been responsible for several research and product development projects in the field of optical sensors. He currently holds the position of product manager for optical microscopes at a German company. Dr. Haus has authored numerous original publications on grating-optical sensors and contributed to Wiley-VCH's 'Encyclopedia of Applied Physics' and 'Optics Encyclopedia'.
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"This book serves as a good introduction to optical sensors. It covers the basics of light sources, detectors, various optical elements, and goes through some concepts about optical sensors and techniques ... Teachers and general readers may find the material useful in preparing for classroom presentations and for general understanding of the optical sensor principles." (Contemporary Physics, 7 November 2011)

"Throughout the text there are numerous references, many of which relate to product data sheets. This overview is extremely useful, and the volume is full of interesting and helpful information. It lives up to its promise of being a comprehensive overview". (Materials World, 1 January 2011).

“This book provides an overview of the necessary components and the range of applications from light barriers to high resolution surface scanning interferometers.  This is a valuable introduction to optical sensors”.  (Materials World, 1 October 2010)

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