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Host-Guest-Systems Based on Nanoporous Crystals

Franco Laeri (Editor), Ferdi Schüth (Editor), Ulrich Simon (Editor), Michael Wark (Editor)
ISBN: 978-3-527-60522-4
687 pages
March 2006
Host-Guest-Systems Based on Nanoporous Crystals (3527605223) cover image

Description

Interest in nanoporous crystals as host-guest systems has risen dramatically over the past few years, such that this fascinating class of substances now plays an important role not only in material sciences, but also in numerous other disciplines, such as organic or supramolecular chemistry. With their unique characteristics, nanoporous crystals offer a wide range of possible applications: They are used as molecular sieves or membranes as well as catalytic converters. This work presents the very first overview of this exciting field.
Readers will find everything they need to know about these unusual materials, with all their many attributes:
· Synthesis of host-guest systems
· Description of the structural and dynamic aspects
· Electronic and optical characteristics of the materials
· Possible applications.
An indispensable reference for materials scientists as well as for catalytic and inorganic chemists, and all those working in the field.
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Table of Contents

List of Contributors.

Part 1: Synthesis Routes for Functional Composites Based on Nanoporous Materials (Michael Wark).

References.

1 Guest Functionalized Crystalline Organic/Inorganic Nanohybrid Materials (Peter Behrens, Christian Panz, Clemens Kühn, Bernd M. Pillep, and Andreas M. Schneider).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Direct Construction of Functional Host—Guest Compounds: Synthesis Between Scylla and Charybdis.

1.3 Stable Functional Structure-Directing Agents in the Synthesis of Porosils.

1.4 The Glycol Method for the Fast Synthesis of Aluminophosphates and the Occlusion of Organic Dye Molecules.

1.5 Easily Crystallizing Inorganic Frameworks: Zincophosphates.

1.6 Conclusions.

Acknowledgments.

References.

2 In Situ Synthesis of Azo Dyes and Spiropyran Dyes in Faujasites and their Photochromic Properties (Dieter W 46;hrle, Carsten Schomburg, Yven Rohlfing, Michael Wark, and Günter Schulz –Ekloff).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 In Situ Synthesis of Azo Dyes in Faujasites.

2.3 In Situ Synthesis of Spiropyran Dyes in Faujasites.

2.4 Optical Switching of Azo and a Spiropyran Dyes in Molecular Sieves.

2.5 Conclusions.

Acknowledgments.

References.

3 Microwave-Assisted Crystallization Inclusion of Dyes in Microporous AlPO4-5 and Mesoporous Si-MCM-41 Molecular Sieves (Matthias Ganschow, Ingo Braun, Günter Schulz-Ekloff, and Dieter Wöhrle).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Dyes in the Microporous Molecular Sieve AlPO4-5.

3.3 Dyes in the Mesoporous Molecular Sieve Si-MCM-41.

3.4 Outlook.

Acknowledgements.

References.

4 Large and Perfect, Optically Transparent Crystals of an Unusual Habitus (Jan Kornatowski and Gabriela Zadrozna).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Results and Discussion.

4.3 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

5 Nanoporous Crystals as Host Matrices for Mesomorphous Phases (Ligia Frunza, Hendrik Kosslick, and Rolf Fricke).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Liquid Crystals Confined in Molecular Sieves.

5.3 Methods of Loading Molecular Sieves with Liquid Crystals.

5.4 Nanoporous Composites Based on Different Molecular Sieves.

5.5 On the Location of Liquid Crystals Inside the Pores or Cavities of Molecular Sieves.

5.6 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

6 Cationic Host—Guest Polymerization of Vinyl Monomers in MCM-41 (Stefan Spange, Annett Gräser, Friedrich Kremer, Andreas Huwe, and Christian Jäger).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Concept.

6.3 Results and Discussion.

6.4 Conclusions and Outlook.

Acknowledgements.

References.

7 Direct Synthesis of Functional Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Mesostructures (Peter Behrens, Andreas M. Glaue, and Olaf Oellrich).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Mesostructured Composites of Azobenzene Surfactants and Silica.

7.4 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

8 Metal-Oxide Species in Molecular Sieves: Materials for Optical Sensing of Reductive Gas Atmospheres (Michael Wark, Yücel Altindag, Gerd Grubert, Nils I. Jaeger, and Günter Schulz-Ekloff).

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Titanium Oxide Clusters.

8.3 Tin Oxide Clusters.

8.4 Vanadium Oxide Clusters.

8.5 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

9 From Stoichiometric Carbonyl Complexes to Stable Zeolite-Supported Subnanometer Platinum Clusters of Defined Size (Martin Beneke, Nils I. Jaeger, and Günter Schulz-Ekloff).

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Chemistry Within Zeolite Cages.

9.3 Reversible Decomposition of the Complex.

9.4 Stable Subnanometer Platinum Clusters.

9.5 Electron Donor Properties of Pt Clusters Derived from Chini Complexes.

9.6 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

10 Recent Advances in the Synthesis of Mesostructured Aluminum Phosphates (Michael Tiemann and Michael Fröba).

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Inverse Hexagonal Mesostructured Aluminum Phosphates.

10.3 Tubular Mesoporous Aluminum Phosphates.

10.4 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

11 Organic/Inorganic Functional Materials for Light-Emitting Devices Based on Conjugated Bisphosphonates (Sabine Stockhause, Peter Neumann, Michael Kant, Ulrich Schülke, and Sigurd Schrader).

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Chemistry of Bisphosphonates.

11.3 Preparation of Zirconium Phosphonate Multilayers by Self-Assembly.

11.4 Applications.

11.5 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

12 Prussian Blue Derived, Organometallic Coordination Polymers with Nanometer-Sized Cavities (R. Dieter Fischer, Hilka Hanika-Heidl, Min Ling, and Rolf Eckhardt).

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Guest-Free Homoleptic SPB Derivatives.

12.3 Guest-Free Heteroleptic systems.

12.4 Host-Guest Systems with Uncharged or Cationic Guests.

12.5 Truncated and Expanded SPB Derivatives.

12.6 Conclusions.

References.

Part 2: Structure and Dynamics of Guest—Host Composites Based on Nanoporous Crystals (Ferdi Schüth).

References.

1 Computational Methods for Host—Guest Interactions (Joachim Sauer).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Computational Problems in Host—Guest Chemistry and Physics.

1.3 Structure Predictions for Host—Guest Systems using Periodic Boundary Conditions.

1.4 Structure Predictions for Host—Guest Systems Using Periodic Boundary Conditions.

1.5 Cluster Model Studies for Host—Guest Systems.

1.6 Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Host—Guest Systems.

References.

2 Probing Host Structures by Monitoring Guest Distributions (Jörg Kärger and Sergey Vasenkov).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Principles of Interference Microscopy.

2.3 Transient Uptake in Zeolite LTA.

2.4 Evidence of Inner Transport Barriers in Zeolite MFI.

2.5 Arrays of Parallel Channels.

2.6 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

3 Host—Guest Interactions in Bassanite, CaSO4 0.5 H2O (Henning Voigtländer, Björn Winkler, Wulf Depmeier, Karsten Knorr, and Lars Ehm).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Investigation of the Bassanite Host Lattice.

3.3 Dynamics of H2O as a Guest Molecule in Bassanite.

3.4 Incorporation of Other Guest Molecules into Y-CaSO4.

3.5 Investigations on Hemimethanolate.

3.6 Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

4 Organic Guest Molecules in Zeolites (Carsten Baehtz and Hartmut Fuess).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Experimental.

4.3 Results.

4.4 Summary.

Acknowledgements.

References.

5 Thionine in Zeolite NaY: Potential Energy Surface Analysis and the Identification of Adsorption Sites (Marco Müller, Stefan M. Kast, Hans-Jürgen Bär, and Jürgen Brickmann).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Methods.

5.3 Results and Discussion.

5.4 Summary and Conclusions.

Acknowledgements.

References.

6 Density Functional Model Cluster Studies of Metal Cations, Atoms, Complexes, and Clusters in Zeolites (Notker Rösch, Georgi N. Vayssilov, and Konstantin M. Neyman).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Metal Cations in Zeolites.

6.3 Transition Metal Clusters in Zeolites.

6.4 Future Trends.

Acknowledgements.

References.

Part 3: Electrical Properties and Electronic Structure (Ulrich Simon).

References.

1 Ionic Conductivity of Zeolites: From Fundamentals to Applications (Ulrich Simon and Marion E. Franke).

1.1 Introduction: Historical Survey of Metal Cation Conduction in Dehydrated Zeolites.

1.2 Proton Conduction.

1.3 Application of H-ZSM-5 as NH3 Sensor for SCR Applications.

1.4 Summary.

References.

2 Molecular Dynamics in Confined Space (Friedrich Kremer, Andreas Huwe, Annett Gräser, Stefan Spange, and Peter Behrens).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Ethylene Glycol in Zeolites.

2.3 Propylene Glycol in Mesoporous MCMs.

2.4 Poly(Vinyl Ether) in Mesoporous MCMs.

2.5 Conclusions.

References.

3 Conductive Structures in Mesoporous Materials (Nikolay Petkov and Thomas Bein).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Metal Nanowires and Nanoarrays in Mesoporous Hosts.

3.3 Semiconductor Nanoparticles and Nanoarrays in Mesoporous Hosts.

3.4 Carbon Nanotubes and Graphitic Filaments in Host Materials.

3.5 Conclusions.

References.

4 Density Functional Studies of Host—Guest Interactions in Sodalites (Joachim Sauer and René Windiks).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Theory.

4.3 Magnetic Ordering and Heisenberg Coupling Constants.

4.4 Spin Density Distribution.

4.5 Paramagnetic NMR Shifts for 27Al and 29Si Framework Nuclei.

4.6 Concluding Comment.

Acknowledgement.

References.

5 Electronic Structure of Zeolite-Stabilized Ions and Quantum Dots (Gion Calzaferri, Stephan Glaus, Claudia Leiggener, and Ken'Ichi Kuge).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 H8Si8O12: A Model for the Vibrational and Electronic Structure of Zeolite A.

5.3 Electronic Structure of Cu+-, Ag+-, and Au+-Loaded Zeolites.

5.4 Electronic Structure of Ag+-Zeolite A.

5.5 Quantum-Sized Silver Sulfide Clusters in Zeolite A.

5.6 Intrazeolite Charge Transport.

5.7 Conclusions.

References.

6 Cetineites: Nanoporous Semiconductors with Zeolite-Like Channel Structure (Frank Starrost, Oliveo Tiedje, Wolfgang Schattke, Jörg Jockel, and Ulrich Simon).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Synthesis and Structure.

6.3 Experimental Setups.

6.4 The Augmented Fourier Component Method: Computational Details.

6.5 Results.

6.6 Conclusions.

Acknowledgments.

References.

Part 4: Optical Properties of Molecular Sieve Compounds (Franco Laeri).

References.

1 Modification of Gas Permeation by Optical Switching of Molecular Sieve—Azobenzene Membranes (Kornelia Weh and Manfred Noack).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Switchable Natural and Technical Membranes.

1.3 Characterization of Used Host—Guest Systems.

1.4 Results and Discussion.

1.5 Summary.

Acknowledgements.

References.

2 Photosensitive Optical Properties of Zeolitic Nanocomposites (Katrin Hoffmann, Ute Resch-Genger, and Frank Marlow).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Characterization of Nanocomposites by Polarization-Dependent UV/Vis Spectroscopy.

2.3 Opto-Optical Switching of Azo Dye Guest/Zeolitic Host Materials.

2.4 Summary.

Acknowledgements.

References.

3 Confocal Microscopy and Spectroscopy for the Characterization of Host—Guest Materials (Christian Seebacher, Christian Hellriegel, Fred-Walter Deeg, Christoph Bräuchle).

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Confocal Microscopy.

3.3 Results.

3.4 Conclusion.

References.

4 New Microlasers Based on Molecular Sieve/Laser Dye Composite Materials (Özlem Weiß, Ferdi Schüth, Justus Loerke, Frank Marlow, Lhoucine Benmohammadi, Franco Laeri, Christian Seebacher, Christian Hellriegel, Fred-Walter Deeg, and Christoph Bräuchle).

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Host—Guest Composites based on Molecular Sieves.

4.3 Microporous Aluminophosphates.

4.4 Single-Crystal Microlasers.

4.5 Outlook.

References.

5 Luminescence of Lanthanide Organometallic Complexes (Dorota Sendor and Ulrich Kynast).

5.1 Introduction, Motivation, and Scope.

5.2 Synopsis.

5.3 Examples.

5.4 Concluding Remarks.

References.

6 Microscopic Lasers Based on the Molecular Sieve AlPO4-5 (Lhoucine Benmohammadi, A. Erodabasi, K. Koch, Franco Laeri, N. Owschimikow, U. Vietze, G. Ihlein, Ferdi Schüth, Özlem Weiß, Ingo Braun, Matthias Ganschow, Günter Schulz-Eckloff, Dieter Wöhrle, J. Wiersig, and J. U. Nöckel).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 The Structure of the AlPO4-5—Dye Compounds.

6.3 Optical Properties.

6.4 Laser Properties.

6.5 Photostability.

References.

7 Laser Materials based on Mesostructured Systems (Justus Loerke and Frank Marlow).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Synthesis of Mesoporous Materials for Optical Applications.

7.3 Optically Amplifying Materials Based on Mesostructured Systems.

7.4 Design of Microlasers.

7.5 Perspectives.

References.

8 Polymer-Embedded Host—Guest Systems (Juergen Schneider, Detlef Fanter, and Monika Bauer).

Abstract.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Experimental.

8.3 Results.

8.4 Summary.

Index.

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Reviews

"It is evident that the editors were able to work in complete harmony with the publishers to produce such a readable and informative book, which should appeal to both the specialist researcher and the general reader." (Kenneth S. W. Sing, University of Exeter (UK), Angewandte Chemie IE, 2004-43/33)

"As a compilation of many articles, this book will be beneficial to those who have specific areas of interest." (Journal of the American Chemistry Society, 2004, Vol. 126 No. 20)

"... the book ... covers salient features that are of great interest to researchers active in materials science with emphasis on the physics and chemistry of functional nanostructured solids." (Eduardo Ruiz-Hitzky, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, Advanced Materials, Vol. 17, No. 3, February 2005)

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