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E-book

Computer-Based Environmental Management

ISBN: 978-3-527-60921-5
300 pages
June 2007
Computer-Based Environmental Management (3527609210) cover image
Here, the author provides professionals in environmental research and management with the information they need with respect to computer modeling: An understanding of the mathematical fundamentals and the choice of the optimal approach and corresponding software for their particular task.
- Numerous illustrations, flowcharts and graphs, partly in color, as well as worked examples help in comprehending complex mathematical tasks and their solutions without the use of confusing mathematical formalism;
- Case studies from various fields of environmental research, such as landscape ecology, environmental assessment, population ecology, hydrology, and agroecology, facilitate the application of simulation models to the solution of real-world problems;
- Contains a detailed summary of currently available software tools and the application in spatially explicit simulation based on geographic information systems.
The worked examples and case studies cover a broad range of environmental systems and processes, adopting such modern mathematical methodology as partial differential equations, fuzzy logic, hybrid Petri nets, and optimum control theory. The result is a unique presentation of applications for high standard modeling and simulation methodologies in the interdisciplinary fields of environmental research.
From the Foreword by Robert Costanza (Gund Institute of Ecological Economics, Burlington, VT, USA): "As a teacher of environmental modeling, I've been searching for many years for the perfect text to use courses. My search has ended with the publication of Ralf Seppelt's book and I intend to use it as a core text in modeling courses."
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Foreword
Acknowledgements
Introduction
PART I: SETTING THE SCENE: DIVERSITY OF ENVIRONMENTAL MODELING
From Conceptual Modeling to Computer Simulations
Environmental Models: Dynamic Processes
Environmental Models: Spatial Interactions
PART II: INTEGRATED MODELS
Multi-paradigm Modeling
Concepts: Hybrid Petri Nets
Case Studies: Hybrid Systems in Ecology
Applications: Environmental Impact Assessment
PART III: THE BIG PICTURE: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Scenario Analysis and Optimization
Prerequisites: Temporal Hierarchies and Spatial Scales
Optimum Agroecosystem Management: Temporal Patterns
Optimum Agroecosystem Management: Spatial Patterns
Changing Landscapes: Optimum Landscape Patterns
Conclusions, Perspectives and Research Demands
References
Index

Supplementary Material on the Web
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The major focus of Dr. Ralf Seppelt’s research is the application of mathematical methodologies for solving environmental problems. He entered this interdisciplinary field upon obtaining a diploma in applied mathematics from the Technical University Clausthal, Germany, in 1994 and with his mater’s thesis on socio-ecological models. He continued as a research associate at the Collaborative Research Center “Water and Matter Dynamics of Agroecosystems” in Brunswick, where he obtain his doctorate with distinction in science, agroecology, and system analysis in 1997. Over the last few years he has managed several research projects in cooperation with different research institutions as well as industry and with small companies. In 2000 Dr. Seppelt was visiting scientist at the Institute of Ecological Economics, Maryland, USA.
Ralf Seppelt has published more than 30 scientific articles and is a reviewer for several international journals. His successful research in the field of environmental science was made possible by his productive interdisciplinary teaching of undergraduate and graduate students. At the TU Brunswick, Dr.
Seppelt lectures in computer science, geographic information systems (GIS), theoretical ecological, and numerical environmental modeling.
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"Die Publikation von R. Seppelt bietet eine fundierte, reich mit Beispielen illustrierte Grundlage für theoretische und praktische Aspekte der Umweltmodellierung, indem es mathematische Methoden mit Themen aus Umweltforschung und Ökologie zusammenbringt und so Lösungsansätze zu aktuellen Herausforderungen im Umweltmanagement vorstellt. Neueste Entwicklungen in der Umweltmodellierung sind übersichtlich dargestellt."

Janine Bolliger
Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen 5/04
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