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Carbon Nanotubes: Basic Concepts and Physical Properties

ISBN: 978-3-527-61805-7
224 pages
September 2008
Carbon Nanotubes: Basic Concepts and Physical Properties (3527618058) cover image

Description

Carbon nanotubes are exceptionally interesting from a fundamental research point of view. Many concepts of one-dimensional physics have been verified experimentally such as electron and phonon confinement or the one-dimensional singularities in the density of states; other 1D signatures are still under debate, such as Luttinger-liquid behavior. Carbon nanotubes are chemically stable, mechanically very strong, and conduct electricity. For this reason, they open up new perspectives for various applications, such as nano-transistors in circuits, field-emission displays, artificial muscles, or added reinforcements in alloys.

This text is an introduction to the physical concepts needed for investigating carbon nanotubes and other one-dimensional solid-state systems. Written for a wide scientific readership, each chapter consists of an instructive approach to the topic and sustainable ideas for solutions. The former is generally comprehensible for physicists and chemists, while the latter enable the reader to work towards the state of the art in that area. The book gives for the first time a combined theoretical and experimental description of topics like luminescence of carbon nanotubes, Raman scattering, or transport measurements. The theoretical concepts discussed range from the tight-binding approximation, which can be followed by pencil and paper, to first-principles simulations. We emphasize a comprehensive theoretical and experimental understanding of carbon nanotubes including

- general concepts for one-dimensional systems
- an introduction to the symmetry of nanotubes
- textbook models of nanotubes as narrow cylinders
- a combination of ab-initio calculations and experiments
- luminescence excitation spectroscopy linked to Raman spectroscopy
- an introduction to the 1D-transport properties of nanotubes
- effects of bundling on the electronic and vibrational properties and
- resonance Raman scattering in nanotubes.
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Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
STRUCTURE & SYMMETRY
Relating Nanotubes and Graphene: Achiral and Chiral Nanotubes
Bundled Nanotubes
Line and Point Groups of Nanotubes
Projector Techniques: Graphical Version and Modified Group Projectors
ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES
Graphite and Graphene
Achiral, Chiral Nanotubes and Nanotube Bundles: Theory & Experiment
Experiments: STM, EELS, Transport (?)
Theory: Zone-Folding, Ab Initio Calculations
Defects, Bents, Junctions
OPTICAL PROPERTIES
Selection Rules (Symmetry)
Calculations: Achiral and Chiral Tubes;
Graphite
Experiments: Absorption, Resonant Raman, Reflectivity
ELASTIC PROPERTIES
Continuum Model, Ab Initio
Young's Modulus, High-Pressure Raman and X-Ray Experiments
VIBRATIONAL PROPERTIES
Eigenvectors and Eigenfrequencies: Symmetry, Force-Constants and Ab Initio Calculations
(Both Achiral and Chiral Nanotubes), Bundles
Optical Modes: Raman Scattering, Infrared Spectroscopy
Acoustic Modes: Cv Measurements Vibrating Reed
Radial Breathing Mode (Including the Single Tubes Experiments and Bundle Calculations)
DOUBLE RESONANCES IN RAMAN SCATTERING
Raman and Resonances (Introduction)
D-Mode in Graphite and Double Resonant Scattering
Interpretation of the Raman Spectra of Nanotubes: Double Resonant Scattering
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Author Information

Stephanie Reich graduated in 2001 from the Technische Universität Berlin, Germany, and, after a year at the Institut de Ciéncia de Materials de Barcelona, Spain, she is now an Oppenheimer Fellow at the University of Cambridge, UK. Her scientific focus is combining experimental and ab-initio techniques in nanotube research.

Christian Thomsen researches and teaches as professor of physics at the Technische Universität Berlin. His work concentrates on the physical properties of solid-state systems investigated with optical spectroscopy.

Janina Maultzsch is in the final state of completing her doctoral thesis at the Technische Universität Berlin. Her main scientific interests are the symmetry properties of one-dimensional systems and resonant Raman processes in nanotubes.

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Reviews

Rezension in:
Revista de Plasticos Modernos, June 2004

Beschreibung in:
Materials Today, June 2004

"Die hohe Anzahl an Zitaten der Autoren und ihrer Kollaborationen aus den Jahren 2001 bis 2003 unterstreicht die Aktualitat dieses Buches."
Nicole Grobert, Oxford, UK
Nachrichten aus der Chemie9/04

"Alles in allem hinterlasst dieses Buch einen positiven und gelungenen Eindruck. Es fuhrt in den Anfangskapiteln in die Grundlagen der Kohlenstoff-Nanorohren ein und gibt im Folgenden aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse wieder, wobei einerseits auf experimentelle Resultate eingegangen, andererseits den theoretischen Hintergrunden gro?e Bedeutung beigemessen wird. Dadurch ist dieses Buch nicht nur fur interessierte Studenten, sondern auch fur Wissenschaftler empfehlenswert, die einen Uberblick uber elektrische, optische, elastische und Schwingungs-Eigenschaften von Kohlenstoff-Nanorohren gewinnen mochten."
Dirk Obergfell, Physik Journal, November 2004


"Mit den Fortschritten auf dem Gebiet der Kohlenstoffnanorohren im letzten Jahrzehnt wuchs auch der Bedarf an einer umfassenden Ubersicht zum Thema, die sich sowohl als einfuhrender Text fur Einsteiger wie auch als Nachschlagewerk fur den aktiven Forscher nutzen lasst. Das vorliegende Buch ist in dieser Hinsicht hoch willkommen und hat das Zeug, zu einem Klassiker zu werden. Es ist auf diesem Gebiet tatigen Physikern und Physikochemikern und allen, die sich fur Nanowissenschaften interessieren, zu empfehlen."
Dirk M. Guldi, Institut fur Physikalische Chemie, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat Erlangen, Angewandte Chemie, 4. Novemberheft 2004-116/44 sowie Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 4th November Issue 2004-43/44

"Mit dem Buch >Carbon Nanotubes< bereichern Reich, Thomsen und Maultsch die Nanogemeinde um ein lehrreiches Buch uber grundlegende Konzepte und physikalische Eigenschaften von Kohlenstoffnanorohren."

Adrian Jung, Erlangen, Physik in unserer Zeit, 3/2005

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