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What is What in the Nanoworld: A Handbook on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2nd, Revised and Enlarged Edition

ISBN: 978-3-527-62334-1
538 pages
September 2008
What is What in the Nanoworld: A Handbook on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2nd, Revised and Enlarged Edition (3527623345) cover image
More than 1,400 entries, from a few sentences to a page in length.
The second, completely revised and enlarged edition of this introductory reference handbook summarizes the terms and definitions, most important phenomena, and regulations occurring in the physics, chemistry, technology, and application of nanostructures. A representative collection of fundamental terms and definitions from quantum physics and chemistry, special mathematics, organic and inorganic chemistry, solid state physics, material science and technology accompanies recommended second sources (books, reviews, websites) for an extended study of any given subject.
Each entry interprets the term or definition under consideration and briefly presents the main features of the phenomena behind it. Additional information in the form of notes ("First described in", "Recognition", "More details in") supplements the entries and gives a historical perspective of the subject with reference to further sources.
Ideal for answering questions related to unknown terms and definitions among undergraduate and PhD students studying the physics of low-dimensional structures, nanoelectronics, and nanotechnology.
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Preface to the Second Edition VII

Preface to the First Edition IX

Source of Information XI

A From Abbe’s principle to Azbel’–Kaner cyclotron resonance 1

B From B92 protocol to Burstein–Moss shift 27

C From cage compound to cyclotron resonance 53

D From D’Alembert equation to Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction 81

E From (e,2e) reaction to Eyring equation 109

F From Fabry–P´erot resonator to FWHM (full width at half maximum) 133

G From gain-guided lasers to gyromagnetic frequency 159

H From habit plane to hyperelastic scattering 175

I From ideality factor to isotropy (of matter) 199

J From Jahn–Teller effect to Joule’s law of electric heating 207

K From Kane model to Kuhn–Thomas–Reiche sum rule 211

L From lab-on-a-chip to Lyman series 225

M From Mach–Zender interferometer to Murrell–Mottram potential 251

N From NAA (neutron activation analysis) to Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem 285

O From octet rule to oxide 299

P From PALM (photoactivable localization microscopy) to pyrrole 307

Q From Q-control to qubit 341

R From Rabi flopping to Rydberg gas 363

S From Saha equation to synergetics 381

T From Talbot’s law to type II superconductors 443

U From ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) to Urbach rule 461

V From vacancy to von Neumann machine 465

W From Waidner–Burgess standard to Wyckoff notation 473

X From XMCD (X-ray magnetic circular dichroism) to XRD (X-ray diffraction) 483

Y From Yasukawa potential to Yukawa potential 487

Z From Zeeman effect to Zundel ion 489

A list and a presentation of Scientific Journals which contain the stem Nano in their title 493
Abbreviations for the scientific journals which appear as sources in the text 507

Appendix – main properties of intrinsic (or lightly doped) semiconductors 513

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Victor E. Borisenko graduated in 1973 from the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics (BSUIR) as an engineer in semiconductor electronics. He received his first doctorate in physics and mathematics in 1980, his second one in 1988. Since 1990, he has held positions as a professor in many universities worldwide, including the University of Salford in England, the University of Wuppertal in Germany and the University of Electro-Communications in Tokyo, Japan. He now holds a chair as professor and vice-rector of BSUIR and acts as supervisor of the Interuniversity Center of Nanoelectronics and Novel Materials. Since 1995, Professor Borisenko organizes the international conference on physics, chemistry and applications of nanostructures `Nanomeeting?.
His research team focuses on fundamental electronic and optical properties of semiconducting silicides and low dimensional silicon based nanostructures, carrier transport in semiconductor/dielectric multiquantum wells and DNA, design of novel nanoelectronics and nanophotonic devices, quantum computing.

Stefano Ossicini is Full Professor of General Physics at the Faculty of Engineering (Reggio Emilia) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (Italy) and Director of the PhD School in "Physical and NanoSciences" of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. He also work a researcher within the CNR-National Institute for the Physics of Matter (INFM) at the INFM National Center S3 "nanoStructures and bioSystems at Surfaces". He graduated in Physics in 1976 at the University of Rome. From 1978 to 1982 he was active as post-doc and assistant at the Department of Theoretical Physics of the Free University in Berlin (Germany). From 1982 to 1984 researcher at the University of Calabria (Italy). 1984 he went to the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (Italy). His research activity has mainly focused on the theory of low-dimensional- and nano- systems. In recent years the central topic of his research has been, in particular, the investigation of the structural, electronic and optical properties of semiconductor nanostructures.
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About 100 new entries will be added in the new edition, summarized more than 1,400 entries.
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Zur ersten Auflage:

"... 1300 Begriffe und Definitionen, wichtige Phänomene, Festlegungen, experimentelles und theoretisches Handwerkszeug sowie Andwendungen aus den Bereichen allgemeine Physik, Quantenmechanik, Werkstoffwissenschaften, Mathematik, Informationstheorie, organische und anorganische Chemie, Festkörperphysik und Biologie für Anfänger und Experten ..."
Materials and Corrosion/Werkstoffe und Korrosion
2005, Vol. 56, No. 7
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