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Rheology of Dispersions: Principles and Applications

ISBN: 978-3-527-63239-8
232 pages
July 2011
Rheology of Dispersions: Principles and Applications (3527632395) cover image
A dispersion is a system of unmixable phases in which one phase is continuous and at least one is finely distributed. Examples are found in many industrial applications, including emulsions, suspensions, foams, and geld. The control of their flow characteristics - rheology - is essential in their preparation, long-term physical stability and application.
Filling the need for a practical, up-to-date book connecting the stability/instability of the dispersion to its rheological behavior, this title aids in understanding the principles of rheology and the techniques that can be applied.

From the contents:
* General Introduction
* Interparticle Interactions and Their Combination
* Principles of Viscoelastic Behavior
* Rheology of Suspensions
* Rheology of Emulsions
* Rheology of Modifiers, Thickeners, and Gels
* Use of Rheological Measurements for Assessment and Prediction of the Long-Term Physical Stability of Formulations (Creaming and Sedimentation)
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Preface
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
INTERPARTICLE INTERACTIONS AND THEIR COMBINATION
Hard-Sphere Interaction
?Soft? or Electrostatic Interaction
Steric Interaction
van der Waals Attractions
Combination of Interaction Forces
Flocculation of Dispersions, and Its Prevention
Distinction between ?Dilute?, ?Concentrated?, and ?Solid? Dispersions
States of Suspension on Standing
States of the Emulsion on Standing
PRINCIPLES OF STEADY-STATE MEASUREMENTS
Strain Rate of Shear Rate
Types of Rheological Behavior in Simple Shear
Time Effects During Flow: Thixotropy and Negative (or Anti-) Thixotropy
Rheopexy
Turbulent Flow
Effect of Temperature
Measurement of Viscosity as a Function of Shear Rate: The Steady-State Regime
Non-Newtonians
Major Precautions with Concentric Cylinder Viscometers
PRINCIPLES OF VISCOELASTIC BEHAVIOR
Introduction
The Deborah Number
Strain Relaxation after the Sudden Application of Stress (Creep)
Analysis of Creep Crves
The Berger Model (Maxwell + Kelvin)
Creep Procedure
Stress Relaxation after Sudden Application of Strain
Dynamic (Oscillatory) Techniques
RHEOLOGY OF SUSPENSIONS
Introduction
The Einstein Equation
The Bachelor Equation
Rheology of Concentrated Suspensions
Rheology of Hard-Sphere Suspensions
Rheology of Systems with ?Soft? or Electrostatic Interaction
Rheology of Sterically Stabilized Dispersions
Rheology of Flocculated Suspensions
Models for the Interpretation of Rheological Results
RHEOLOGY OF EMULSIONS
Introduction
Interfacial Rheology
Bulk Rheology of Emulsions
RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS, THICKENERS, AND GELS
Introduction
Classification of Thickeners and Gels
Definition of a ?Gel?
Rheological Behavior of a ?Gel?
Classification of Gels
Rheology Modifiers Based on Surfactant Systems
USE OF RHEOLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS FOR ASSESSMENT AND PREDICTION OF THE LONG-TERM PHYSICAL STABILITY OF FORMULATIONS (CREAMING AND SEDIMENTATION)
Introduction
Sedimentation of Suspensions
Assessment and Prediction of Flocculation Using Rheological Techniques
Assessment and Prediction of Emulsion Coalescence Using Rheological Techniques

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Tharwat F. Tadros was appointed lecturer in Physical Chemsitry (1962-1966) at Alexandria University. Between 1966 and 1969, he spent a sabbatical at the Agricultural University of Wageningen and T.N.O. in Delft, The Netherlands. Thereafter he joined I.C.I. and ZENECA until 1994, where he researched various fields of surfactants, emulsions, suspensions, microemulsions, wetting spreading & adhesion and rheology. During that period he was also appointed visiting professor at Imperial College London, Bristol University and Reading University. In 1992, he was elected President of the International Association of Colloid and Interface Science. Since leaving ZENECA, Tharwat F. Tadros has worked as a consultant for various industries and also given several courses in his specialized field. He is the recipient of two medals from the Royal Society of Chemistry in the UK, and has more than 250 scientific papers to his name.
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"In summary, the book "Rheology of Dispersions" by Tharwat Tadros can be highly recommended for practically oriented researchers working in the field of dispersions." (Materials Views, 16 January 2012)

 

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