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Solid State Electrochemistry II: Electrodes, Interfaces and Ceramic Membranes

ISBN: 978-3-527-63557-3
568 pages
April 2011
Solid State Electrochemistry II: Electrodes, Interfaces and Ceramic Membranes  (3527635572) cover image
The ideal addition to the companion volume on fundamentals, methodologies, and applications, this second volume combines fundamental information with an overview of the role of ceramic membranes, electrodes and interfaces in this important, interdisciplinary and rapidly developing field.
Written primarily for specialists working in solid state electrochemistry, this first comprehensive handbook on the topic focuses on the most important developments over the last decade, as well as the methodological and theoretical aspects and practical applications. This makes the contents equally of interest to material, physical and industrial scientists, and to physicists.
Also available as a two-volume set.
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Preface
IONIC MEMORY TECHNOLOGY
Introduction
Ionic Memory Switching Mechanisms
Materials for Ionic Memories
Electrical Characteristics of Ionic Memories
Architectures for Ionic Memories
Challenges of Ionic Memories
Applications of Ionic Memories
Summary
COMPOSITE SOLID ELECTROLYTES
Introduction
Interface Interactions and Defect Equilibria in Composite Electrolytes
Nanocomposite Solid Electrolytes: Grain Size Effects
Ionic Transport
Other Properties
Computer Simulations
Design of the Composite Solid Electrolytes: General Approaches and Perspectives
Composite Materials Operating at Elevated Temperatures
Conclusions
ADVANCES IN THE THEOETICAL DESCRIPTION OF SOLID-ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION INTERFACES
Introduction
Theoretical Approaches
Computer Simulations
DYNAMICAL INSTABILITIES IN ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSES
Introduction
Origin and Classification of Dynamical Instabilities in Electrochemical Systems
Methodology
Dynamics
Control of Dynamics
Toward Applications
Summary and Outlook
FUEL CELLS: ADVANCES AND CHALLENGES
Introduction
Alkaline and Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells
Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells and Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Emerging Fuel Cells
Applications of Fuel Cells
Final Remarks
ELECTRODES FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS: NOVEL MATERIALS AND RECENT TRENDS
Introduction
General Comments
Novel Cathode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Selected Trends and Compositions
Oxide and Cermet SOFC Anodes: Relevant Trends
Other Fuel Cell Concepts: Single-Chamber, Micro-, and Symmetrical SOFCs
Alternative Fuels: Direct Hydrocarbon and Direct Carbon SOFCs
Electrode Materials for High-Temperature Fuel Cells with Proton-Conducting Electrolytes
Electrolyzers, Reactors, and Other Applications Based on Oxygen Ion- and Proton-Conducting Solid Electrolytes
Concluding Remarks
ADVANCES IN FABRICATION, CHARACTERIZATION, TESTING, AND DIAGNOSIS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE ELECTRODES FOR PEM FUEL CELLS
Introduction
Advanced Fabrication Methods for High-Performance Electrodes
Characterization of PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes
Testing and Diagnosis of PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes
Final Comments
NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES
Introduction
Positive Electrodes: Nanoparticles, Nanoarchitectures, and Coatings
Negative Electrodes
Concluding Remarks
MATERIALS SCIENCE ASPECTS RELEVANT FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Introduction
Powder Preparation, Forming Processes, and Sintering Phenomena
Cation Diffusion
Thermomechanical Stability
Thermodynamic Stability of Materials
OXYGEN- AND HYDROGEN-PERMEABLE DENSE CERAMIC MEMBRANES
Introduction
Structure of Membrane Materials
Synthesis and Permeation Experimental Methods
Gas Permeation Models
Characteristics of Oxygen-Permeable Membranes
Characteristics of Hydrogen-Permeable Membranes
Applications of Membranes
Summary and Conclusions
INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA IN MIXED CONDUCTING MEMBRANES: SURFACE OXYGEN EXCHANGE- AND MICROSTRUCTURE-RELATED FACTORS
Introduction
Surface Exchange
Microstructural Effects in Mixed Conducting Membranes
Thermodynamic and Kinetic Stability
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Vladislav Kharton is a principal investigator at the Department of Ceramics and Glass Engineering, University of Aveiro (Portugal). Having received his doctoral degree in physical chemistry from the Belarus State University in 1993, he has published over 280 scientific papers in international SCI journals, including 10 reviews, and coauthored over 40 papers in other refereed journals and volumes, 3 books and 2 patents. He is a topical editor of the Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, regional editor of Recent Patents on Material Science, and member of the editorial boards of Materials Letters, The Open Condensed Matter Physics Journal, and Processing and Application of Ceramics. In 2004, he received the Portuguese Science Foundation prize for Scientific Excellence.
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