Wiley.com
Print this page Share
E-book

Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials

Marc Descamps (Editor)
ISBN: 978-3-527-65271-6
544 pages
March 2016
Disordered Pharmaceutical Materials (352765271X) cover image

Description

A one-stop resource for researchers, developers, and post graduate students in pharmaceutical science. This handbook and ready reference provides detailed, but not overloaded information -- presenting the topic without unnecessarily complex formalism.
As such, it gives a systematic and coherent overview of disordered materials for pharmaceutical applications, covering fundamental aspects, as well as preparation and characterization techniques for the target-oriented development of drug delivery systems based on disordered crystals and amorphous solids. Special attention is paid to examine the different facets and levels of disorder in their structural and dynamic aspects as well as the effect of disorder on dissolution and stability. Chapters on processing induced disorder and on patenting issues round off the book. As a result the book helps overcoming the challenges of using these materials in the pharmaceutical industry.
For pharmaceutical and medicinal chemists, materials scientists, clinical physicists, and pharmaceutical laboratories looking to make better and more potent pharmaceuticals.
See More

Table of Contents

FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS OF DISORDER
Disorder and Structure: Existence and Absence of Long Range Order
Disorder and Molecular Mobility
Disorder and Thermodynamics: Entropy and Role of Disorder in the Stability of Physical States
Chemical Disorder
Short Range Organization in Disordered Materials: Static and Dynamic Intermolecular Correlations
RELEVANCE OF DISORDER FOR PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS
Disorder and Solubility
Disorder and Stability (Physical and Chemical)
Disorder and Drug Delivery
Drawback and Opportunities of Disorder
EXPERIMENTAL METHODS FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF DISORDERED MATERIALS
Investigation of Structure: Diffraction Experiments, Spectroscopies
Investigation of Mobility (Relaxations and Vibrations)
Thermodynamic and Calorimetric Investigations
Chemical Aspects
Imaging Methods
HOW DISORDERED CAN PERFECT MOLECULAR CRYSTALS BE?
Condition for the Existence of a Crystalline Order
Disordered Perfect Crystals: Substitutional, Conformational, Rotational Disorder
Crystalline Polymorphism and Disorder
Order-Disorder Phase Transitions in Molecular Crystals
Static and Dynamic Disorder in Crystals: Vibrations, Molecular Rotations, Solid Solutions
Defective Crystals
Dislocation Disorder
Microcrystalline Order
Experimental Consequences
AMORPHOUS AND GLASSY STATE
Molecular Organization in Amorphous Molecular Solids
Intermediate Range Order
Metastability and Instability of Amorphous Materials
Crystallization out of the Amorphous State;
Vitrification Condition;
Glass Transition at Tg
Molecular Mobility in the Amorphous Materials Above and Below Tg
Aging of Glasses
Glass Transition of Solutions
AMORPHOUS PHARMACEUTICALS
Preparation Techniques: Spray Drying, Freeze Drying, Extrusion, Milling
Impacts of Glass Properties on Mechanical and Surface Properties: Agglomeration, Flowability, Caking, Dissolution
Stability Issues and Possible Stability Manipulations
Amorphous Intermediates in Cocrystal Formation
MESOMORPHIC MATERIALS FOR DRUG DELIVERY
Liquid Crystals
Plastic Crystals
Macromolecular Disorder
Solubilities of Drug in Polymer
Release of a Drug from Dissolving Polymer
Gel Formation, Hydrogels
NUMERICAL MODELING OF DISORDERED PHARMACEUTICAL MATERIALS
Validity of Force Fields Used in Drug Molecular Modeling
Property-dependent Choice of Simulation Models
Modeling and Prediction of Properties
Modeling as an Help to Interpret Data
PROCESS AND DISORDER
Disorder Accidentally or Unavoidably Produced in the Course of Processing Ordered Materials
Processing of Disordered Materials
PATENTING OF DISORDERED PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS
See More

Author Information

Marc Descamps is Professor for solid state physics and Head of the Technological Research Group "Therapeutic Materials" at the University of Lille, France. He is the author of more than 160 publications in international journals and he has collaborated with several large pharmaceutical companies. His research interests include: phase transitions in molecular materials, disordered crystals, molecular glasses and studies of the structural and dynamic properties of pharmaceutical solids by a variety of physicochemical techniques.
See More
Back to Top