Andrology is the study of the male reproductive system and other male gender related health issues. Andrology deals with basic and clinical aspects of the male reproductive system (gonads, endocrine and accessory organs) in all species, including the diagnosis and treatment of medical problems associated with sexual development, infertility, sexual dysfunction, sex hormone action and other urological problems. In medicine, Andrology as a specialty is a recent development, as it had previously been considered a subspecialty of urology or endocrinology. The field of Andrology, emerging over the last 40 years, has produced several specialty journals covering both basic scientific and clinical areas. The International Journal of Andrology (IJA) began publication in 1978 and became the official journal of the European Academy of Andrology (EAA) in 1992. The American Society of Andrology (ASA) launched the Journal of Andrology (JA) in 1980. These two leading journals in the field of Andrology are now combined into a single, even more prominent journal, Andrology. Now in its third year, Andrology serves to increase the visibility, impact and prominence of both journals, and to better promote the field of Andrology, together with the work of the EAA and ASA.