Environmental Engineering: Fundamentals, Sustainability, Design
June 2009, ©2010
1.2 Defining Sustainability.
1.3 Issues That Will Affect Engineering Practice in the Future.
1.4 The Sustainability Revolution.
Chapter One Problems.
Chapter Two: Environmental Measurements.
2.1 Mass Concentration Units.
2.2 Volume/Volume and Mole/Mole Units.
2.3 Partial-Pressure Units.
2.4 Mole/Volume Units.
2.5 Other Types of Units.
Chapter Two Problems.
Chapter Three: Chemistry.
3.1 Approaches in Environmental Chemistry.
3.2 Activity and Concentration.
3.3 Reaction and Stoichiometry.
3.4 Thermodynamic Laws.
3.6 Air-Water Equilibrium.
3.7 Acid-Base Chemistry.
3.10 Adsorption, Absorption, and Sorption.
Chapter Three Problems.
Chapter Four: Physical Processes.
4.1 Mass Balances.
4.2 Energy Balances.
4.3 Mass Transport Processes.
Chapter Four Problems.
Chapter Five: Biology.
5.1 Ecosystem Structure and Function.
5.2 Population Dynamics.
5.3 Energy Flow in Ecosystems.
5.4 Oxygen Demand: Biochemical, Chemical, and Theoretical.
5.5 Material Flow in Ecosystem.
5.6 Ecosystem Health and the Public Welfare.
Chapter Five Problems.
Chapter Six: Environmental Risk.
6.1 Risk and the Engineer.
6.2 Risk Perception.
6.3 Hazardous Waste and Toxic Chemicals.
6.4 Engineering Ethics and Risk.
6.5 Risk Assessment.
6.6 More Complicated Problems with at Least Two Exposure Routes.
Chapter Six Problems.
Chapter Seven: Green Engineering.
7.1 What Is ”Green Engineering?”
7.3 Pollution Prevention, Design for Environment, Industrial Ecology, Sustainability.
7.4 Fundamental Concepts.
7.5 Measuring Sustainability.
7.6 Policies Driving Green Engineering and Sustainability.
7.7 Designing a Sustainable Future.
Chapter Seven Problems.
Chapter Eight: Water Quality.
8.2 River Water Quality.
8.3 Lake and Reservoir Water Quality.
8.5 Low-Impact Development.
8.6 Groundwater Quality.
Chapter Eight Problems.
Chapter Nine: Water Supply, Distribution, and Wastewater Collection.
9.2 Water Availability.
9.3 Water Usage.
9.4 Municipal Water Demand.
9.5 Water Distribution and Wastewater Collection Systems.
Chapter Nine Problems.
Chapter Ten: Water Treatment.
10.2 Characteristics of Untreated Water.
10.3 Water Quality Standards.
10.4 Overview of Water Treatment Processes.
10.5 Coagulation and Flocculation.
10.6 Hardness Removal.
10.10 Membrane Processes.
10.12 Energy Usage.
Chapter Ten Problems.
Chapter Eleven: Wastewater Treatment.
11.2 Characteristics of Domestic Wastewater.
11.3 Overview of Treatment Processes.
11.4 Preliminary Treatment.
11.5 Primary Treatment.
11.6 Secondary Treatment.
11.7 Modifications to the Activated-Sludge Process.
11.8 Attached-Growth Reactors.
11.9 Removal of Nutrients: Nitrogen and Phosphorus.
11.10 Disinfection and Aeration.
11.11 Sludge Treatment and Disposal.
11.12 Natural Treatment Systems.
11.13 Energy Usage during Wastewater.
Chapter Eleven Problems.
Chapter Twelve: Air Resources Engineering.
12.2 Human Health Impacts and Defenses.
12.3 Transport of Air.
12.4 Air Pollutants.
12.6 Control of Air Emissions.
12.7 Gaseous Emission-Control Technologies.
12.8 Particulate Emission-Control Technologies.
Chapter Twelve Problems.
Chapter Thirteen: Solid-Waste Management.
13.2 Solid-Waste Characterization.
13.3 Components of Solid-Waste Systems.
13.4 Management Concepts.
Chapter Thirteen Problems.
Chapter Fourteen: Built Environment.
14.2 Context-Sensitive Design.
14.5 End of Life: Deconstruction, Demolition, Disposal.
14.6 Rightsizing Buildings.
14.7 Energy Efficiency: Insulation, Infiltration, and Thermal Walls.
14.9 Urban Heat Island.
14.10 Urban Planning, Smart Growth, and Planned Communities.
Chapter Fourteen Problems.
Answers to Selected Problems.
Chapter Opener Photo Credits.
Perhaps one of the most important aspects of the textbook is that it will focus the student on the elements of design. Design of products, processes, and systems will be essential not only in responding to the environmental issues in ways that our profession has done historically but also in informing the design of new products, processes, and systems to reduce or eliminate problems from occurring in the first place.
To use the tools of green engineering design truly to design for sustainability, students need a command of the framework for this design. The framework perhaps can be summarized in the four I s: (1) Inherency, (2) Integration, (3) Interdisciplinary, and (4) International.
MATERIAL AND ENERGY BALANCES AND LIFE CYCLE THINKING
PEDAGOGY AND ASSESSMENT
Fink s Taxonomy of Significant Learning