Wiley
Wiley.com
Print this page Share
Textbook

Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, 8th Edition

December 2009, ©2009
Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, 8th Edition (EHEP000300) cover image
Building on the extraordinary success of seven best-selling editions, Callister's new Eighth Edition of Materials Science and Engineering continues to promote student understanding of the three primary types of materials (metals, ceramics, and polymers) and composites, as well as the relationships that exist between the structural elements of materials and their properties.

Supported by WileyPLUS, an integrated online learning environment containing the highly respected Virtual Materials Science and Engineering Lab (VMSE), a materials property database referenced to problems in the text, and new modules in tensile testing, diffusion, and solid solutions (all referenced to problems in the text)

See More

List of Symbols.

1 Introduction.

Learning Objectives.

1.1 Historical Perspective.

1.2 Materials Science and Engineering.

1.3 Why Study Materials Science and Engineering?

1.4 Classification of Materials.

1.5 Advanced Materials.

1.6 Modern Materials' Needs.

1.7 Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Correlations.

Summary.

References.

Question.

2 Atomic Structure and Interatomic Bonding.

Learning Objectives.

2.1 Introduction.

Atomic Structure.

2.2 Fundamental Concepts.

2.3 Electrons in Atoms.

2.4 The Periodic Table.

Atomic Bonding in Solids.

2.5 Bonding Forces and Energies.

2.6 Primary Interatomic Bonds.

2.7 Secondary Bonding or van der Waals Bonding.

2.8 Molecules.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

3 The Structure of Crystalline Solids.

Learning Objectives.

3.1 Introduction.

Crystal Structures.

3.2 Fundamental Concepts.

3.3 Unit Cells.

3.4 Metallic Crystal Structures.

3.5 Density Computations.

3.6 Polymorphism and Allotropy.

3.7 Crystal Systems.

Crystallographic Points, Directions, and Planes.

3.8 Point Coordinates.

3.9 Crystallographic Directions.

3.10 Crystallographic Planes.

3.11 Linear and Planar Densities.

3.12 Close-Packed Crystal Structures.

Crystalline and Noncrystalline Materials.

3.13 Single Crystals.

3.14 Polycrystalline Materials.

3.15 Anisotropy.

3.16 X-Ray Diffraction: Determination of Crystal Structures.

3.17 Noncrystalline Solids.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

4 Imperfections in Solids.

Learning Objectives.

4.1 Introduction.

Point Defects.

4.2 Vacancies and Self-Interstitials.

4.3 Impurities in Solids.

4.4 Specification of Composition.

Miscellaneous Imperfections.

4.5 Dislocation–Linear Defects.

4.6 Interfacial Defects.

4.7 Bulk or Volume Defects.

4.8 Atomic Vibrations.

Microscopic Examination.

4.9 Basic Concepts of Microscopy.

4.10 Microscopic Techniques.

4.11 Grain Size Determination.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

5 Diffusion.

Learning Objectives.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Diffusion Mechanism.

5.3 Steady-State Diffusion.

5.4 Nonsteady-State Diffusion.

5.5 Factors That Influence Diffusion.

5.6 Diffusion in Semiconducting Materials.

5.7 Other Diffusion Paths.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

6 Mechanical Properties of Metals.

Learning Objectives.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Concepts of Stress and Strain.

Elastic Deformation.

6.3 Stress-Strain Behavior.

6.4 Anelasticity.

6.5 Elastic Properties of Materials.

Plastic Deformation.

6.6 Tensile Properties.

6.7 True Stress and Strain.

6.8 Elastic Recovery After Plastic Deformation.

6.9 Compressive, Shear, and Torsional Deformations.

6.10 Hardness.

Property Variability and Design/Safety Factors.

6.11 Variability of Material Properties.

6.12 Design/Safety Factors.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

7 Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms.

Learning Objectives.

7.1 Introduction.

Dislocations and Plastic Deformation.

7.2 Basic Concepts.

7.3 Characteristics of Dislocations.

7.4 Slip Systems.

7.5 Slip in Single Crystals.

7.6 Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Materials.

7.7 Deformation by Twinning.

Mechanism of Strengthening in Metals.

7.8 Strengthening by grain Size Reduction.

7.9 Solid-Solution Strengthening.

7.10 Strain Hardening.

Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain Growth.

7.11 Recovery.

7.12 Recrystallization.

7.13 Grain Growth.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

8 Failure.

Learning Objectives.

8.1 Introduction.

Fracture.

8.2 Fundamentals of Fracture.

8.3 Ductile Fracture.

8.4 Brittle Fracture.

8.5 Principles of Fracture Mechanics.

8.6 Fracture Toughness Testing.

Fatigue.

8.7 Cyclic Stresses.

8.8 The S–N Curve.

8.9 Crack Initiation and Propagation.

8.10 Factors That Affect Fatigue Life.

8.11 Environmental Effects.

Creep.

8.12 Generalized Creep Behavior.

8.13 Stress and Temperature Effects.

8.14 Data Extrapolation Methods.

8.15 alloys for High-Temperature Use.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

9 Phase Diagrams.

Learning Objectives.

9.1 Introduction.

Definitions and Basic Concepts.

9.2 Solubility Limit.

9.3 Phases.

9.4 Microstructure.

9.5 Phase Equilibria.

9.6 One-Component (or Unary) Phase Diagrams.

Binary Phase Diagrams.

9.7 Binary Isomorphous Systems.

9.8 Interpretation of Phase Diagrams.

9.9 Development of Microstructure in Isomorphous Alloys.

9.10 Mechanical Properties of Isomorphous Alloys.

9.11 Binary Eutectic Systems.

9.12 Development of Microstructure in Eutectic Alloys.

9.13 Equilibrium Diagrams Having Intermediate Phases or Compounds.

9.14 Eutectoid and Peritectic Reactions.

9.15 Congruent Phase Transformations.

9.16 Ceramic and Ternary Phase Diagrams.

9.17 The Gibbs Phase Rule.

The Iron–Carbon System.

9.18 The Iron–Iron Carbide (Fe–Fe3C) Phase Diagram.

9.19 Development of Microstructure in Iron–Carbon Alloys.

9.20 The Influence of Other Alloying Elements.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

10 Phase Transformations in Metals: Development of Microstructure and Alteration of Mechanical Properties.

Learning Objectives.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Basic Concepts.

10.3 The Kinetics of Phase Transformations.

10.4 Metastable Versus Equilibrium States.

10.5 Isothermal Transformation Diagrams.

10.6 Continuous Cooling Transformation Diagrams.

10.7 Mechanical Behavior of Iron–Carbon Alloys.

10.8 Tempered Martensite.

10.9 Review of Phase Transformations and Mechanical Properties for Iron–Carbon Alloys.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

11 Applications and Processing of Metal Alloys.

Learning Objectives.

11.1 Introduction.

Types of Metal Alloys.

11.2 Ferrous Alloys.

11.3 Nonferrous Alloys.

Fabrication of Metals.

11.4 Forming Operations.

11.5 Casting.

11.6 Miscellaneous Techniques.

Thermal Processing of Metals.

11.7 Annealing Processes.

11.8 Heat Treatment of Steels.

11.9 Precipitation Hardening.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

12 Structures and Properties of Ceramics.

Learning Objectives.

12.1 Introduction.

Ceramic Structures.

12.2 Crystal Structures.

12.3 Silicate Ceramics.

12.4 Carbon.

12.5 Imperfections in Ceramics.

12.6 Diffusion in Ionic Materials.

12.7 Ceramic Phase Diagrams.

Mechanical Properties.

12.8 Brittle Fracture of Ceramics.

12.9 Stress–Strain Behavior.

12.10 Mechanisms of Plastic.

12.11 Miscellaneous Mechanical Considerations.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

13 Applications and Processing of Ceramics.

Learning Objectives.

13.1 Introduction.

Types and Applications of Ceramics.

13.2 Glasses.

13.3 Glass-Ceramics.

13.4 Clay Products.

13.5 Refractories.

13.6 Abrasives.

13.7 Cements.

13.8 Advanced Ceramics.

Fabrication and Processing of Ceramics.

13.9 Fabrication and Processing of Glasses and Glass-Ceramics.

13.10 Fabrication and Processing of Clay Products.

13.11 Powder Pressing.

13.12 Tape Casting.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problem.

14 Polymer Structures.

Learning Objectives.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Hydrocarbon Molecules.

14.3 Polymer Molecules.

14.4 The Chemistry of Polymer Molecules.

14.5 Molecular Weight.

14.6 Molecular Shape.

14.7 Molecular Structure.

14.8 Molecular Configurations.

14.9 Thermoplastic and Thermosetting Polymers.

14.10 Copolymers.

14.11 Polymer Crystallinity.

14.12 Polymer Crystals.

14.13 Defects in Polymers.

14.14 Diffusion in Polymeric Materials.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

15 Characteristics, Applications, and Processing of Polymers.

Learning Objectives.

15.1 Introduction.

Mechanical Behavior of Polymers.

15.2 Stress–Strain Behavior.

15.3 Macroscopic Deformation.

15.4 Viscoelastic Deformation.

15.5 Fracture of Polymers.

15.6 Miscellaneous Mechanical Characteristics.

Mechanism of Deformation and for Strengthening of Polymers.

15.7 Deformation of Semicrystalline Polymers.

15.8 Factors That Influence the Mechanical Properties of Semicrystalline Polymers.

15.9 Deformation of Elastomers.

Crystallization, Melting, and Glass Transition Phenomena in Polymers.

15.10 Crystallization.

15.11 Melting.

15.12 The Glass Transition.

15.13 Melting and Glass Transition Temperatures.

15.14 Factors That Influence Melting and Glass Transition Temperatures.

Polymer Types.

15.15 Plastics.

15.16 Elastomers.

15.17 Fibers.

15.18 Miscellaneous Applications.

15.19 Advanced Polymeric Materials.

Polymer Synthesis and Processing.

15.20 Polymerization.

15.21 Polymer Additives.

15.22 Forming Techniques for Plastics.

15.23 Fabrication of Elastomers.

15.24 Fabrication of Fibers and Films.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Questions.

16 Composites.

Learning Objectives.

16.1 Introduction.

Particle-Reinforced Composites.

16.2 Large-Particle Composites.

16.3 Dispersion-Strengthened Composites.

Fiber-Reinforced Composites.

16.4 Influence of Fiber Length.

16.5 Influence of Fiber Orientation and Concentration.

16.6 The Fiber Phase.

16.7 The Matrix Phase.

16.8 Polymer-Matrix Composites.

16.9 Metal-Matrix Composites.

16.10 Ceramic-Matrix Composites.

16.11 Carbon–Carbon Composites.

16.12 Hybrid Composites.

16.13 Processing of fiber-Reinforced Composites.

Structural Composites

16.14 Laminar Composites.

16.15 Sandwich Panels.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

17 Corrosion and Degradation of Materials.

Learning Objectives.

17.1 Introduction.

Corrosion of Metals.

17.2 Electrochemical Considerations.

17.3 Corrosion Rates.

17.4 Prediction for Corrosion Rates.

17.5 Passivity.

17.6 Environmental Effects.

17.7 Forms of Corrosion.

17.8 Corrosion Environments.

17.9 Corrosion Prevention.

17.10 Oxidation.

Corrosion of Ceramic Materials.

Degradation of Polymers.

17.11 Swelling and Dissolution.

17.12 Bond Rupture.

17.13 Weathering.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

18 Electrical Properties.

Learning Objectives.

18.1 Introduction.

Electrical Conduction.

18.2 Ohm's Law.

18.3 Electrical Conductivity.

18.4 Electronic and Ionic Conduction.

18.5 Energy Band Structures in Solids.

18.6 Conduction in Terms of Band and Atomic Bonding Models.

18.7 Electron Mobility.

18.8 Electrical Resistivity of Metals.

18.9 Electrical Characteristics of Commercial Alloys.

Semiconductivity.

18.10 Intrinsic Semiconduction.

18.11 Extrinsic Semiconduction.

18.12 The Temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentration.

18.13 Factors That Affect Carrier Mobility.

18.14 The Hall Effect

18.15 Semiconductor Devices.

Electrical Conduction in Ionic Ceramics and in Polymers.

18.16 Conduction in Ionic Materials.

18.17 Electrical Properties of Polymers.

Dielectric Behavior.

18.18 Capacitance.

18.19 Field Vectors and Polarization.

18.20 Types of Polarization.

18.21 Frequency Dependence of the Dielectric Constant.

18.22 Dielectric Strength.

18.23 Dielectric Materials.

Other Electrical Characteristics of Materials.

18.24 Ferroelectricity.

18.25 Piezoelectricity.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

19 Thermal Properties.

Learning Objectives.

19.1 Introduction.

19.2 Heat Capacity.

19.3 Thermal Expansion.

19.4 Thermal Conductivity.

19.5 Thermal Stresses.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

20 Magnetic Properties.

Learning Objectives.

20.1 Introduction.

20.2 Basic Concepts.

20.3 Diamagnetism and Paramagnetic.

20.4 Ferromagnetism.

20.5 Antiferromagnetism and Ferrimagnetism.

20.6 The Influence of Temperature on Magnetic Behavior.

20.7 Domains and Hysteresis.

20.8 Magnetic Anisotropy.

20.9 Soft Magnetic Materials.

20.10 Hard Magnetic Materials.

20.11 Magnetic Storage.

20.12 Superconductivity.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problems.

21 Optical Properties.

Learning Objectives.

21.1 Introduction.

21.2 Electromagnetic Radiation.

21.3 Light Interactions with Solids.

21.4 Atomic and Electronic Interactions.

21.5 Refraction.

21.6 Reflection.

21.7 Absorption.

21.8 Transmission.

21.9 Color.

21.10 Opacity and Translucency in Insulators.

21.11 Luminescence.

21.12 Photoconductivity.

21.13 Lasers.

21.14 Optical Fibers in Communications.

Summary.

Equation Summary.

Processing/Structure/Properties/Performance Summary.

Important Terms and Concepts.

References.

Questions and Problems.

Design Problem.

22 Economic, Environmental, and Societal Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.

Learning Objectives.

22.1 Introduction.

22.2 Component Design.

22.3 Materials.

22.4 Manufacturing Techniques.

22.5 Recycling Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.

Summary.

References.

Design Questions.

Appendix A The International System of Units (SI).

Appendix B Properties of Selected Engineering Materials.

B.1 Density.

B.2 Modulus of Elasticity.

B.3 Poisson's Ratio.

B.4 Strength and Ductility.

B.5 Plane Strain Fracture Toughness.

B.6 Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion.

B.7 Thermal Conductivity.

B.8 Specific Heat.

B.9 Electrical Resistivity.

B.10 Metal Alloy Compositions.

Appendix C Costs and Relative Costs for Selected Engineering Materials.

Appendix D Repeat Unit Structures for Common Polymers.

Appendix E Glass Transition and Melting Temperatures for Common Polymeric Materials.

Mechanical Engineering Online Support Module.

Glossary.

Answers to Selected Problems.

Index.

See More
  • All 22 chapters are now included in the print text.
  • An expanded discussion of the construction of crystallographic directions in hexagonal unit cells—also of conversion from the three-index scheme to four-index.
  • Introduction of a section on diffusion in semiconducting materials in Chapter 5 (Diffusion).
  • Section 20.11 on magnetic storage has been updated.
  • Appendix C (Costs and Relative Costs for Selected Engineering Materials) has been updated.

Pedagogy:

Tracking of relationships among processing, structure, properties, and performance components for steels, glass-ceramics, polymer fibers, and silicon semiconductors throughout the book.

End-of-chapter Summaries have been revised—to reflect answers/responses to learning objectives (comprehensive list).

New End-of-Chapter Equation Summaries provide students with a quick reference and guide to where in the chapter to find the most important equations.

New Key of Symbols used in equations provide students a quick reference to what the symbols reference.

New chapter-opener photos of applications of materials science help to motivate student interest in studying materials science.

GO (Guided Online) Problems in WileyPLUS give students just-in-time help as they work exercises

See More
Clear and concise discussions: This text clearly and concisely conveys materials science and engineering concepts at an appropriate level to ensure student understanding.
Mechanical property coverage: The Eighth Edition maintains its extensive, introductory level coverage of mechanical properties and failure--the most important materials considerations for many engineers.
Current and up-to-date: Students are presented with the latest developments in Material Science and Engineering. Such up-to-date content includes advanced ceramic and polymeric materials, composites, high-energy hard magnetic materials, and optical fibers in communications. .
Resources to facilitate the materials selection process: Appendix B, contains 11 properties for a set of approximately 100 materials, and can be used in materials selection problems. An additional resource, Appendix C, contains the prices for all materials listed in Appendix B.
· “Materials of Importance”: These brief topics discuss high interest applications of materials and relate them to topics in the book. Some examples include “Shrink Wrap Polymer Films,” “Shape Memory Al-loys,” and “Nanocomposites in Tennis Balls.”
· “Concept Check” questions throughout chapter quiz students on their understanding of key ideas in the chapter. Answers are provided on the student companion site.
· A Picture is worth 1,000 words! All illustrations are in full color to enhance visualization, and are available electronically for use in lecture powerpoint presentation. The approximate 500 figures include a large number of photographs that show the microstructure of various materials
· Key terms, and brief explanations of key equations, appear in margins for quick identification of the most important topics in the chapter.

See More
Instructors Resources
Wiley Instructor Companion Site
Instructor Solutions Manual
ENHANCE YOUR COURSE
WileyPLUS
A research-based online environment for learning and assessment.
Learn more
CourseSmart
Instant access to textbooks as eTextbooks.
Learn more
Digital evaluation copy available for this title
Request Copy
Contact your Wiley Representative
Find Your Rep
See More
See Less
Students Resources
Wiley Student Companion Site
See More
See Less
Purchase Options
Wiley E-Text   
Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, 8th Edition
ISBN : 978-0-470-56379-3
992 pages
March 2010, ©2010
$71.50   BUY

Loose-leaf   
Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, 8th Edition Binder Ready Version
ISBN : 978-0-470-55673-3
992 pages
January 2010, ©2010
$156.95   BUY

Hardcover   
Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, 8th Edition
ISBN : 978-0-470-41997-7
992 pages
December 2009, ©2009
$240.95   BUY

Back to Top