Visualizing Weather and Climate
September 2008, ©2009
1 Introducing Weather and Climate 2
2 The Earth’s Atmosphere 28
3 The Earth’s Global energy Balance 50
4 Surface Temperature and its Variation 82
5 Atmospheric Moisture 120
6 Winds 154
7 Global Atmospheric and Oceanic Circulation 182
8 Midatitude Weather Systems 216
9 Tropical Weather Systems 244
10 Thunderstorms and Tornadoes 268
11 The Global Scope of Climate 298
12 Climates of the World 320
13 Climate Variability 352
14 Human Interaction with Weather and Climate 384
15 Weather Forecasting and Numerical Modeling 412
16 Human-Induced Climate Change and Climate Forecasting 440
A Units of Measurement and Conversion 472
B The U.S. Standard Atmosphere 473
C Weather Station and Map Symbols 474
D Self-Test Answer Key 475
- Learning Objectives at the beginning of each section head indicate in behavioral terms what the student must be able to do to demonstrate mastery of the material in the chapter.
- Visualizing Features are specially designed multi-part visual spreads that focus on a key concept or topic in the chapter, exploring it in detail or in broader context using photos and figures.
- Concept Check questions at the end of each section give students the opportunity to test their comprehension of the learning objectives.
- Marginal Glossary Boxes introduce each chapter s most important terms, often reinforced with a thumbnail photograph.
- What a Scientist Sees highlight a concept or phenomenon, using photos and figures that would stand out to a professional in the field, and help students develop observational skills.
- Process Diagrams present a series of figures or a combination of figures and photos that describe and depict a complex process, helping students to observe, follow and understand the process.
- The illustrated Case Studies that cap off the text sections of each chapter offer a wide variety of in-depth examinations that address important issues in the field of environmental science.
- Illustrations, Photos, and Cartoons support concepts covered in the text, elaborate relevant issues, and add visual detail. Many of the photos originate from National Geographic s rich sources.
- Global Locator Maps, prepared specifically for this text by National Geographic, accompany figures addressing issues encountered in a particular geographic region.
- Tables and graphs, with data sources cited at the end of the text, summarize and organize important information.
- Critical Thinking Questions encourage critical thinking and highlight each chapter s important concepts and applications.
- The Chapter Summary revisits each learning objective and redefines each marginal glossary term, featured in boldface here, and included in a list of Key Terms.
- Self Tests, often including a visual, help students evaluate their readiness to move on to the next chapters, and to prepare for classroom quizzes and exams.
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