Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, 3rd Update Edition
December 2004, ©2005
The Integrated Media Edition update provides a stronger link between the text, media supplements, and new student workbook.
Notes to Instructors.
Interactive Chemical Process Principles.
PART 1: ENGINEERING PROBLEM ANALYSIS.
Chapter 1. What Some Chemical Engineers Do for a Living.
Chapter 2. Introduction to Engineering Calculations.
2.0 Instructional Objectives.
2.1 Units and Dimensions.
2.2 Conversion of Units.
2.3 Systems of Units.
2.4 Force and Weight.
2.5 Numerical Calculation and Estimation.
2.6 Dimensional Homogeneity and Dimensionless Quantities.
2.7 Process Data Representation and Analysis.
Chapter 3. Processes and Process Variables.
3.0 Instructional Objectives.
3.1 Mass and Volume.
3.2 Flow Rate.
3.3 Chemical Composition.
PART 2: MATERIAL BALANCES.
Chapter 4. Fundamentals of Material Balances.
4.0 Instructional Objectives.
4.1 Process Classification.
4.3 Material Balance Calculations.
4.4 Balances on Multiple-Unit Processes.
4.5 Recycle and Bypass.
4.6 Chemical Reaction Stoichiometry.
4.7 Balances on Reactive Processes.
4.8 Combustion Reactions.
4.9 Some Additional Considerations about Chemical Processes.
Chapter 5. Single-Phase Systems.
5.0 Instructional Objectives.
5.1 Liquid and Solid Densities.
5.2 Ideal Gases.
5.3 Equations of State for Nonideal Gases.
5.4 The Compressibility Factor Equation of State.
Chapter 6. Multiphase Systems.
6.0 Instructional Objectives.
6.1 Single-Component Phase Equilibrium.
6.2 The Gibbs Phase Rule.
6.3 Gas–Liquid Systems: One Condensable Component.
6.4 Multicomponent Gas–Liquid Systems.
6.5 Solutions of Solids in Liquids.
6.6 Equilibrium Between Two Liquid Phases.
6.7 Adsorption on Solid Surfaces.
PART 3: ENERGY BALANCES.
Chapter 7. Energy and Energy Balances.
7.0 Instructional Objectives.
7.1 Forms of Energy: The First Law of Thermodynamics.
7.2 Kinetic and Potential Energy.
7.3 Energy Balances on Closed Systems.
7.4 Energy Balances on Open Systems at Steady State.
7.5 Tables of Thermodynamic Data.
7.6 Energy Balance Procedures.
7.7 Mechanical Energy Balances.
Chapter 8. Balances on Nonreactive Processes.
8.0 Instructional Objectives.
8.1 Elements of Energy Balance Calculations.
8.2 Changes in Pressure at Constant Temperature.
8.3 Changes in Temperature.
8.4 Phase Change Operations.
8.5 Mixing and Solution.
Chapter 9. Balances on Reactive Processes.
9.0 Instructional Objectives.
9.1 Heats of Reaction.
9.2 Measurement and Calculation of Heats of Reaction: Hess’s Law.
9.3 Formation Reactions and Heats of Formation.
9.4 Heats of Combustion.
9.5 Energy Balances on Reactive Processes.
9.6 Fuels and Combustion.
Chapter 10. Computer-Aided Balance Calculations.
10.0 Instructional Objectives.
10.1 Degree-of-Freedom Analysis Revisited.
10.2 Sequential Modular Simulation.
10.3 Equation-Based Simulation.
10.4 Commercial Process Simulation Packages.
10.5 Final Considerations.
Chapter 11. Balances on Transient Processes.
11.0 Instructional Objectives.
11.1 The General Balance Equation . . . Again.
11.2 Material Balances.
11.3 Energy Balances on Single-Phase Nonreactive Processes.
11.4 Simultaneous Transient Balances.
PART 4: CASE STUDIES.
Chapter 12. Production of Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride.
PVC Chlorination Reaction Chemistry.
Chapter 13. Steam Reforming of Natural Gas and Subsequent Synthesis of Methanol.
Chapter 14. Scrubbing of Sulfur Dioxide from Power Plant Stack Gases.
Appendix A: Computational Techniques.
A.1 The Method of Least Squares.
A.2 Iterative Solution of Nonlinear Algebraic Equations.
A.3 Numerical Integration.
Appendix B: Physical Property Tables.
B.1 Selected Physical Property Data.
B.2 Heat Capacities.
B.3 Vapor Pressure of Water.
B.4 Antoine Equation Constants.
B.5 Properties of Saturated Steam: Temperature Table.
B.6 Properties of Saturated Steam: Pressure Table.
B.7 Properties of Superheated Steam.
B.8 Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: SI Units.
B.9 Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: American Engineering Units.
B.10 Atomic Heat Capacities for Kopp’s Rule.
B.11 Integral Heats of Solution and Mixing at 25 C.
Answers to Test Yourselves.
Answers to Selected Problems.
Ronald W. Rousseau Hoechst the Cecil J. "Pete" Silas Endowed chair and also chairs the School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. In addition to his Commitment to undergraduate education, he has been an active researcher in the field of separation science and technology, focusing his attention on crystallization science and technology among other topics. He is a Fellow of both AIChE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science and has served as chair of the Council for Chemical Research, Member of the Board of Directors of AIChE, and chair of the AIChE publication Committee.
Drs. Felder and Rousseau have won numerous awards for their contributions to engineering research and education, and were recipients of the 2002 Warren K. Lewis Award for Contributions to Chemical Engineering Education from the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
*New student workbook is keyed to the text with icons now appearing in the margin of this text.
*Increased clarification. Nearly every section in the new edition has been revised to increase clarification.
*Modern Approach. A more modern approach to the use of equations of state in material balance calculations.
* New problems and case studies. Hundreds of new/revised problems and new case studies covering a broader spectrum of chemical engineering applications.
*CD-ROM software designed to accompany the text contains interactive instructional tutorials, an encyclopedia of chemical process equipment, a physical property database, a powerful but user friendly algebraic and differential equation-solving program, and other tools to help students study and learn the course material effectively.
*Extended use of computer tools. Computer problems that call for spread sheeting and use of mathematical software packages as opposed to only FORTRAN programming.
*Earlier coverage. Systematic treatment of degree-of-freedom analysis of chemical processes beginning early in the text.
*New Coverage. Coverage of adsorption in the chapter on multiphase systems.
*Problems, problems, problems. Number and variety of chapter end problems is roughly 800.
*Cases included. Case studies of real industrial processes are included.