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Visualizing Human Biology, 3rd Edition

October 2010, ©2011
Visualizing Human Biology, 3rd Edition (EHEP001776) cover image
Visualizing Human Biology engages students to connect the science to their own lives through stunning visuals- both in print and media rich resources. Visualizing Human Biology presents the important concepts of the course as they relate to the world we live in. The role of the human in the environment is stressed throughout, ensuring that topics such as evolution, ecology, and chemistry are introduced in a non-threatening and logical fashion. The third edition includes revised art that helps make the concepts easier to understand, and additional visualizing features have been integrated throughout the chapters. The material has also been streamlined, making this a concise resource.
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UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF LIFE

1 What Is Life? 2

1.1 Living Organisms Display Nine Specific Characteristics 4

1.2 Human Biology Is Structured and Logical 6

1.3 Scientists Approach Questions Using the Scientific Method 12

1.4 Scientific Findings Often Lead to Ethical Dilemmas 16

2 Where Do We Come from and Where Do We Fit? 22

2.1 What Are the Origins of Modern Humans? 24

2.2 What Does the Human Body Have in Common with the World Around It? 31

2.3 We Reflect Our Environment: We Have a Habitat and a Niche 35

3 Everyday Chemistry of Life 42

3.1 Life Has a Unique Chemistry 44

3.2 Water Is Life’s Essential Chemical 51

3.3 There Are Four Main Categories of Organic Chemicals 54

4 Cells: Organization and Communication 68

4.1 The Cell Is Highly Organized and Dynamic 70

4.2 The Cell Membrane Isolates the Cell 73

4.3 The Components of a Cell Are Called Organelles 78

4.4 Cell Communication Is Important to Cellular Success 87

5 Tissues 94

5.1 Cells Are the Building Blocks of Tissues 96

5.2 Organization Increases with Organs, Organ Systems, and the Organism 107

5.3 Scientists Use a Road Map to the Human Body 111

UNIT 2 MOVING THROUGH THE ENVIRONMENT

6 The Skeleto-Muscular System 118

6.1 The Skeleto-Muscular System Is Multifunctional and Dynamic 120

6.2 Bone Is Strong and Light Tissue 122

6.3 The Skeleton Holds It All Together 127

6.4 Skeletal Muscles Exercise Power 137

6.5 Whole-Muscle Contractions Require Energy 144

7 The Nervous System 154

7.1 The Nervous System Is Categorized by Structure and Function 156

7.2 Neurons Work Through Action Potentials 160

7.3 The Brain and Spinal Cord Are Central to the Nervous System 167

7.4 The Peripheral Nervous System Extends the Central Nervous System 180

8 The Special Senses 188

8.1 The Special Senses Tell Us About Our Environment 190

8.2 Vision Is Our Most Acute Sense 196

8.3 The Special Senses Are Our Connection to the Outside World 203

UNIT 3 PROTECTION FROM THE ENVIRONMENT

9 Immunity and the Lymphatic System 210

9.1 How Do We Adapt to Stress? 212

9.2 Skin and Mucous Membranes Are the First Line of Defense 216

9.3 We Have a Second Line of Innate Defense 221

9.4 The Lymphatic System and Specific Immunity Are Our Third Line of Defense 224

9.5 Immunity Can Be Acquired Actively or Passively 236

10 Infectious Disease and Epidemiology 244

10.1 The Study of Epidemics Is Global in Scope 246

10.2 Bacteria Are Single-Celled Wonders that Can Cause Disease 251

10.3 Viruses Can Reproduce and Kill, but They Are Not Alive 258

10.4 AIDS and HIV Attack the Immune System 265

10.5 Other Pathogens Carry Other Dangers 270

11 Cancer 278

11.1 Cancer Cells Develop in Distinct Ways 280

11.2 Cancer Has Many Causes and Effects 285

11.3 Cancer Can Be Diagnosed and Treated Effectively 296

UNIT 4 THRIVING WITHIN THE ENVIRONMENT

12 The Cardiovascular System 308

12.1 The Heart Ensures Continual, 24/7 Nutrient Delivery 310

12.2 Blood Transport Involves Miles of Sophisticated Plumbing 318

12.3 Different Circulatory Pathways Have Specific Purposes 321

12.4 Cardiovascular Disorders Have Life-Threatening Consequences 322

12.5 Blood Consists of Plasma and Formed Elements 327

13 The Respiratory System: Movement of Air 344

13.1 The Respiratory System Provides Us with Essential Gas Exchange 346

13.2 Air Must Be Moved in and out of the Respiratory System 356

13.3 External Respiration Brings Supplies for Internal Respiration 360

13.4 Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Requires Hemoglobin and Plasma 362

13.5 Respiratory Health Is Critical to Survival 365

14 Nutrition: You Are What You Eat 376

14.1 Nutrients Are Life Sustaining 378

14.2 Nutrients Are Metabolized 390

14.3 Health Can Be Hurt by Nutritional Disorders 394

15 The Digestive System 402

15.1 Digestion Begins in the Oral Cavity 404

15.2 The Stomach Puts Food to the Acid Test 410

15.3 The Intestines and Accessory Organs Finish the Job 413

15.4 Digestion Is Both Mechanical and Chemical 422

16 The Urinary System 430

16.1 The Kidneys Are the Core of the Urinary System 432

16.2 Urine Is Made, Transported, and Stored 436

16.3 The Urinary System Maintains the Body’s Fluid and Solute Balance 442

16.4 Life-Threatening Diseases Affect the Urinary System 446

UNIT 5 POPULATING THE ENVIRONMENT

17 The Endocrine System and Development 454

17.1 Hormones Are Chemical Messengers 456

17.2 The Endocrine Glands Secrete Directly into the Bloodstream 461

17.3 Development Takes Us from Infancy to Adulthood 474

18 The Reproductive Systems: Maintaining the Species 484

18.1 Survival of the Species Depends on Gamete Formation 486

181.2 The Male Reproductive System Produces, Stores, and Delivers Sperm 488

18.3 The Female Reproductive System Produces and Nourishes Eggs 498

18.4 There Are Many Birth Control Choices 508

18.5 Sexual Contact Carries a Danger: Sexually Transmitted Diseases 515

19 Pregnancy: Development from Conception to Newborn 522

19.1 Days 1 Through 14 Include Fertilization and Implantation 524

19.2 The Embryonic Stage Is Marked by Differentiation and Morphogenesis 531

19.3 Fetal Development Is a Stage of Rapid Organ Growth 537

19.4 Labor Initiates the End of Pregnancy 543

20 Inheritance, Genetics, and Molecular Biology 554

20.1 Traits Are Inherited in Specific Patterns 556

20.2 Modern Genetics Uncovers a Molecular Picture 562

20.3 The Central Dogma: Genes Direct the Formation of Proteins 566

20.4 Genetic Theory Is Put to Practical Use 569

20.5 Biotechnology Has Far-Reaching Effects 575

21 Populations Evolve in Ecosystems 592

21.1 The Theory of Evolution Is the Foundation of Biology 594

21.2 Natural Selection Has Far-Reaching Effects on Populations 599

21.3 Ecosystems Sustain Life 602

21.4 Population Growth Is Regulated by the Environment 617

21.5 Humans Have a Tremendous Impact on the Environment 619

Appendix A: Periodic Table 630

B: Measurements 631

C: Answers to Self-Tests 633

Glossary 635

Credits 652

Index 659

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  • New “Clinical Click” feature has been added to give students a chance at engaging in more health and wellness related issues. Clinical Click provides a short case study for the student to consider, relating the puzzle to the material in the chapter.
  • New Data Interpretation questions provide many avenues for critical thought in each chapter.
  • Over half the introductory vignettes have been updated, keeping topics from the new current and relevant for the student.
  • Half the photos have been upgraded, and the material covered in the Health and Wellness, Ethics and Issues and I Wonder boxes has been changed to reflect current topics in medicine, the media, and research.
  • Seventeen key illustrations have been re-worked to include more data or to present a more visually appealing layout to be more useful for students and instructors.
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  • Visuals, as used throughout this text, are instructional components that display facts, concepts, processes, or principles. The visuals include diagrams, graphs, maps, photographs, illustrations, schematics, animations, and videos, and together they create the foundation for the text.
  • Promises to engage today’s students with a visually rich textbook and dynamic multimedia resources that make human biology as exciting and relevant to students as it is to their professors.
  • Balanced coverage of both the “human” and the “biology” of human biology to show students both what affects their own bodies and the science of how humans live in, move through, and populate their environment.
  • Continues to answer authentic student questions in each chapter and to introduce the science behind the stories of human biology in an engaging, personable style, following the natural curiosity of today’s students.
  • Each chapter begins with an engaging vignette designed to stimulate a desire for more information. Throughout the chapter, students are further involved in the topics with the striking and stimulating photos and illustrations that demonstrate the concepts, the questions and stories behind the science in the Health, Wellness, and Disease boxes, Ethics and Issue boxes, and “I Wonder…” boxes. Tools and resources throughout the chapter help students check their understanding and focus on the most essential information.
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Instructors Resources
Wiley Instructor Companion Site
Audio Podcasts
Almost every student has access to an iPod. The immediacy of the information presented through pod casts is understood by learners and educators alike. Therefore, it makes sense to use this medium as a learning tool. The main concepts of each chapter are presented in podcast format, allowing the student immediate and enjoyable access to this information. These mini-lectures serve as a review that can be listened to before class, during lunch or even immediately before testing, helping to re-enforce the lessons. Edit
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Students Resources
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Purchase Options
Wiley E-Text   
Visualizing Human Biology, Third Edition
ISBN : 978-0-470-91325-3
February 2011, ©2011
$71.50   BUY

Loose-leaf   
Visualizing Human Biology, 3rd Edition Binder Ready Version
ISBN : 978-0-470-91749-7
704 pages
October 2010, ©2011
$109.95   BUY

Paperback   
Visualizing Human Biology, Third Edition
ISBN : 978-0-470-56919-1
704 pages
October 2010, ©2011
$168.95   BUY

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