A Brief Introduction To Fluid Mechanics, 5th Edition
November 2010, ©2011
1.1 Some Characteristics of Fluids.
1.2 Dimensions, Dimensional Homogeneity, and Units.
1.3 Analysis of Fluid Behavior.
1.4 Measures of Fluid Mass and Weight.
1.5 Ideal Gas Law.
1.7 Compressibility of Fluids.
1.8 Vapor Pressure.
1.9 Surface Tension.
1.10 A Brief Look Back in History.
1.11 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
2. Fluid Statics.
2.1 Pressure at a Point.
2.2 Basic Equation for Pressure Field.
2.3 Pressure Variation in a Fluid at Rest.
2.4 Standard Atmosphere.
2.5 Measurement of Pressure.
2.7 Mechanical and Electronic Pressure-Measuring Devices.
2.8 Hydrostatic Force on a Plane Surface.
2.9 Pressure Prism.
2.10 Hydrostatic Force on a Curved Surface.
2.11 Buoyancy, Flotation, and Stability.
2.12 Pressure Variation on a Fluid with Rigid-Body Motion.
2.13 Chapter Summary and study Guide.
3. Elementary Fluid Dynamics-The Bernoulli Equation.
3.1 Newton s Second Law.
3.2 F = ma Along a Streamline.
3.3 F = ma Normal to a Streamline.
3.4 Physical Interpretation.
3.5 Static, Stagnation, Dynamic, and Total Pressure.
3.6 Examples of Use of the Bernoulli Equation.
3.7 The Energy Line and the Hydraulic Grade Line.
3.8 Restrictions on the Use of the Bernoulli Equation.
3.9 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
4. Fluid Kinematics.
4.1 The Velocity Field.
4.2 The Acceleration Field.
4.3 Control Volume and System Representations.
4.4 The Reynolds Transport Theorem.
4.5 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
5. Finite Control Volume Analysis.
5.1 Conservation of Mass The Continuity Equation.
5.2 Newton s Second Law The Linear Momentum and Moment-of-Momentum Equations.
5.3 First Law of Thermodynamics The Energy Equation.
5.4 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
6. Differential Analysis of Fluid Flow.
6.1 Fluid Element Kinematics.
6.2 Conservation of Mass.
6.3 Conservation of Linear Momentum.
6.4 Inviscid Flow.
6.5 Some Basic, Plane Potential Flows.
6.6 Superposition of Basic, Plane Potential Flows.
6.7 Other Aspects of Potential Flow Analysis.
6.8 Viscous Flow.
6.9 Some Simple Solutions for Laminar, Viscous, Incompressible Fluids.
6.10 Other Aspects of Differential Analysis.
6.11 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
7. Similitude, Dimensional Analysis, and Modeling.
7.1 Dimensional Analysis.
7.2 Buckingham Pi Theorem.
7.3 Determination of Pi Terms.
7.4 Some Additional Comments about Dimensional Analysis.
7.5 Determination of Pi Terms by Inspection.
7.6 Common Dimensionless Groups in Fluid Mechanics.
7.7 Correlation of Experimental Data.
7.8 Modeling and Similitude.
7.9 Some Typical Model Studies.
7.10 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
8. Viscous Flow in Pipes.
8.1 General Characteristics of Pipe Flow.
8.2 Fully Developed Laminar Flow.
8.3 Fully Developed Turbulent Flow.
8.4 Dimensional Analysis of Pipe Flow.
8.5 Pipe Flow Examples.
8.6 Pipe Flowrate Measurement.
8.7 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
9. Flow Over Immersed Bodies.
9.1 General External Flow Characteristics.
9.2 Boundary Layer Characteristics.
9.5 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
10. Open-Channel Flow.
10.1 General Characteristics of Open-Channel Flow.
10.2 Surface Waves.
10.3 Energy Considerations.
10.4 Uniform Depth Channel Flow.
10.5 Gradually Varied Flow.
10.6 Rapidly Varied Flow.
10.7 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
11.2 Basic Energy Considerations.
11.3 Basic Angular Momentum Considerations.
11.4 The Centrifugal Pump.
11.5 Dimensionless Parameters and Similarity Laws.
11.6 Axial-Flow and Mixed-Flow Pumps.
11.8 Compressible Flow Turbomachines.
11.9 Chapter Summary and Study Guide.
A. Computational Fluid Dynamics and Flowlab.
B. Physical Properties of Fluids.
C. Properties of the U.S. Standard Atmosphere.
D. Reynolds Transport Theorem.
E. Comprehensive Table of Conversion Factors.
Online Appendix List.
F. Video Library.
G. Review Problems.
H. Laboratory Problems.
I. CFD-Driven Cavity Example.
J. Flowlab Tutorial and User s Guide.
K. Flowlab Problems.
L. Odd-Numbered Homework Problems.
Index of Fluids Phenomena Videos.
- Illustrations: More than 200 new illustrations and graphs. These range from simple ones that help illustrate a basic concept or equation to more complex ones that illustrate practical applications of fluid mechanics in our everyday lives.
- Photographs: More than 200 new photos help the reader see fluid mechanics concepts in common everyday situations, as well as new and novel situations.
- Videos: The video library has been significantly enhanced by the addition of 70 new video segments related directly to the text material. Over 140 total videos now illustrate many of the interesting and practical applications of real-world fluid phenomena.
- Equation Summary: Each chapter ends with a new summary of the most important equations in the chapter, for easy reference.
- Problems: Approximately 50% new homework problems have been added for this edition. Several new problems ask students to find a photograph/image of a particular flow situation and write a paragraph describing it. Each chapter also includes new Life Long Learning Problems that ask the student to obtain information about a given flow concept and to write about it.
- Prevention through Design (PtD): Several new example problems in this edition incorporate PtD (Prevention through Design) discussion material, an initiative supported by NIOSH with the goal of increasing the awareness and use of proper design of work-day equipment to reduce accidents and injuries in the workplace.
- Well-Paced Concept and Problem-Solving Development: the authors develop student confidence in fluid problem solving by first considering each concept in simple and easy-to-understand circumstances before more complicated features are introduced.
- Learning Objectives at the beginning of each chapter, and the Chapter Summary and Study Guide at the end of each chapter, guide the reader in the key knowledge they are to gain from the chapter.
- Illustrations, Photographs, and Videos: Hundreds of photos, illustrations, and videos help students visualize fluid flow, and connect the math and theory to physical real-world applications.
- Fluids In the News: Short stories that demonstrate some of the latest important and novel ways that fluid mechanics affects our lives, many with associated homework problems.
- Problem-Solving Methodology in Example Problems: All of the example problems are outlined and carried out with the problem-solving framework of “Given, Find, Solution, and Comment” to instill in students good problem-solving practices.
- Homework Problems Stressing the Practical Application of Principles: Problems include simple to complex problems, discussion problems, problems based on the fluids videos, and Excel-based lab problems.
- Two Systems of Units: Both the International System of Units (newtons, kilograms, meters, and seconds) and the British Gravitational System (pounds, slugs, feet, and seconds) are used in the text. About one-half of the examples and homework problems are in each set.