Core Concepts of Accounting Information Systems, 12th Edition
November 2011, ©2012
Given the variety of objectives for an AIS course and the different ways that instructors teach it, the authors developed Core Concepts of Accounting Information Systems covers only the core topics what are covered in any AIS course. The text is designed for a one-semester course in AIS and may be used at the community college, baccalaureate, or graduate level.
CHAPTER 1 Accounting Information Systems and the Accountant/ 3
What Are Accounting Information Systems?/ 4
What’s New in Accounting Information Systems?/ 9
Accounting and IT/ 14
Careers in Accounting Information Systems/ 21
CHAPTER 2 Information Technology and AISs/ 33
The Importance of Information Technology to Accountants/ 34
Input, Processing, and Output Devices/ 36
Secondary Storage Devices/ 46
Data Communications and Networks/ 50
Computer Software/ 57
PART TWO DATABASES/ 73
CHAPTER 3 Data Modeling/ 75
An Overview of Databases/ 76
Steps in Developing a Database Using the Resources, Events, and Agents Model/ 83
CHAPTER 4 Organizing and Manipulating the Data in Databases/ 103
Creating Database Tables in Microsoft Access/ 104
Entering Data in Database Tables/ 111
Extracting Data from Databases: Data Manipulation Languages/ 116
Recent Database Advances and Data Warehouses/ 123
CHAPTER 5 Database Forms and Reports/ 139
PART THREE DOCUMENTING BUSINESS PROCESSES/ 165
CHAPTER 6 Documenting Accounting Information Systems/ 167
Why Documentation Is Important/ 168
Primary Documentation Methods/ 171
Other Documentation Tools/ 186
End-User Computing and Documentation/ 191
CHAPTER 7 Accounting Information Systems and Business Processes: Part I/ 207
Business Process Fundamentals/ 208
Collecting and Reporting Accounting Information/ 210
The Sales Process/ 215
The Purchasing Process/ 220
Current Trends in Business Processes/ 227
CHAPTER 8 Accounting Information Systems and Business Processes: Part II/ 239
The Resource Management Process/ 240
The Production Process/ 246
The Financing Process/ 252
Business Processes in Special Industries/ 256
Business Process Reengineering/ 260
PART FOUR INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND COMPUTER CRIME, ETHICS, AND PRIVACY/ 271
CHAPTER 9 Introduction to Internal Control Systems/ 273
1992 COSO Report/ 276
Updates on Risk Assessment/ 278
Examples of Control Activities/ 281
Update on Monitoring/ 289
2011 COBIT, Version 5/ 290
Types of Controls/ 292
Evaluating Controls/ 293
CHAPTER 10 Computer Controls for Organizations and Accounting Information Systems/ 307
Enterprise Level Controls/ 308
General Controls for Information Technology/ 312
Application Controls for Transaction Processing/ 324
CHAPTER 11 Computer Crime, Fraud, Ethics, and Privacy/ 341
Computer Crime, Abuse, and Fraud/ 342
Three Examples of Computer Crimes/ 348
Preventing Computer Crime and Fraud/ 354
Ethical Issues, Privacy, and Identity Theft/ 361
PART FIVE SPECIAL TOPICS IN ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS/ 377
CHAPTER 12 Information Technology Auditing/ 379
The Audit Function/ 380
The Information Technology Auditor’s Toolkit/ 386
Auditing Computerized Accounting Information Systems/ 389
Information Technology Auditing Today/ 396
CHAPTER 13 Developing and Implementing Effective Accounting Information Systems/ 409
The Systems Development Life Cycle/ 410
Systems Planning/ 412
Systems Analysis/ 414
Detailed Systems Design/ 419
Implementation, Follow-Up, and Maintenance/ 428
CHAPTER 14 Accounting on the Internet/ 447
The Internet and World Wide Web/ 448
XBRL—Financial Reporting on the Internet/ 451
Electronic Business/ 455
Privacy and Security on the Internet/ 461
CHAPTER 15 Accounting and Enterprise Software/ 481
Integrated Accounting Software/ 482
Enterprise-Wide Information Systems/ 486
Selecting a Software Package/ 496
• A new co-author -- Jacob Rose joins the team with an international reputation in the AIS community.
• All new database chapters -- Material related to the design of databases and database theory is all presented in the first database chapter, while the following two chapters describe how to apply the theoretical concepts using Access 2010. The new approach allows instructors to easily select a desired emphasis: theory, application, or both. New database diagramming methods simplify the design process for students.
• More Test Yourself -- Multiple choice questions at the end of each chapter to help students assess their understanding of the chapter material.
• Expanded coverage of topics current topics important to accounting systems, including cloud computing, data mining, sustainability accounting, forensic accounting COBIT version 5, COSO's 2010 Report on Enterprise Risk Management, enterprise controls, and internal auditing of IT.
• New AIS at Work features at the end of appropriate chapters help students better understand the impact of systems in a wide variety of contexts.
• Real World Focus with many real-world Cases-in-Points woven into the text material. Each chapter includes a detailed real-world case or concept in an end-of-chapter AIS-at-Work feature.
• Variety in Assessment through four types of end-of-chapter exercises (discussion questions, problems, Internet exercises, and cases) help students understand the material and gauge their progress.
• Recommendation for further inquiry includes lists of references, recommended readings, and web sites at the end of each chapter allow interested students to explore the chapter material in greater depth.
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