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What is Morphology?, 2nd Edition

October 2010, ©2010, Wiley-Blackwell
What is Morphology?, 2nd Edition (EHEP002181) cover image
What is Morphology? is a concise and critical introduction to the central ideas of morphology, which has been revised and expanded to include additional material on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, experimental and computational methods, and new teaching material.
  • Introduces the fundamental aspects of morphology to students with minimal background in linguistics
  • Includes additional material on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, and experimental and computational methods
  • Features new and revised exercises as well as suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter
  • Equips students with the skills to analyze a wide breadth of classic morphological issues through engaging examples
  • Uses cross-linguistic data throughout to illustrate concepts, specifically referencing Kujamaat Joola, a Senegalese language
  • Includes a new answer key, available for instructors online at http://www.wiley.com/go/aronoff
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Preface viii

Acknowledgments xiv

Abbreviations xv

Remarks on Transcription xviii

The International Phonetic Alphabet xx

1 Thinking about Morphology and Morphological Analysis 1

1.1 What is Morphology? 1

1.2 Morphemes 2

1.3 Morphology in Action 4

1.4 Background and Beliefs 10

1.5 Introduction to Morphological Analysis 12

1.6 Summary 22

Introduction to Kujamaat Jóola 23

Further Reading 26

Exercises 27

2 Words and Lexemes 33

2.1 What is a Word? 34

2.2 Empirical Tests for Wordhood 38

2.3 Types of Words 40

2.4 Inflection vs. Derivation 47

2.5 Two Approaches to Morphology: Item-and-Arrangement, Item-and-Process 49

2.6 The Lexicon 54

2.7 Summary 57

Kujamaat Jóola Noun Classes 58

Further Reading 67

Exercises 68

3 Morphology and Phonology 73

3.1 Allomorphs 74

3.2 Prosodic Morphology 78

3.3 Primary and Secondary Affixes 82

3.4 Linguistic Exaptation, Leveling, and Analogy 86

3.5 Morphophonology and Secret Languages 93

3.6 Summary 95

Kujamaat Jóola Morphophonology 96

Further Reading 103

Exercises 104

4 Derivation and the Lexicon 109

4.1 The Saussurean Sign 109

4.2 Motivation and Compositionality 110

4.3 Derivation and Structure 123

4.4 Summary 130

Derivation in Kujamaat Jóola 131

Further Reading 132

Exercises 133

5 Derivation and Semantics 136

5.1 The Polysemy Problem 137

5.2 The Semantics of Derived Lexemes 139

5.3 Summary 147

Derivation and Verbs in Kujamaat Jóola 148

Further Reading 151

Exercises 152

6 Inflection 157

6.1 What is Inflection? 159

6.2 Inflection vs. Derivation 168

6.3 Inventory of Inflectional Morphology Types 171

6.4 Syncretism 177

6.5 Typology 178

6.6 Summary 180

Agreement in Kujamaat Jóola 182

Further Reading 187

Exercises 189

7 Morphology and Syntax 196

7.1 Morphological vs. Syntactic Inflection 197

7.2 Structural Constraints on Morphological Inflection 198

7.3 Inflection and Universal Grammar 201

7.4 Grammatical Function Change 203

7.5 Summary 209

Kujamaat Jóola Verb Morphology 212

A Brief Survey of Kujamaat Jóola Syntax 219

Further Reading 222

Exercises 223

8 Morphological Productivity and the Mental Lexicon 226

8.1 What is Morphological Productivity? 227

8.2 Productivity and Structure: Negative Prefixes in English 230

8.3 Degrees of Productivity 231

8.4 Salience and Productivity 236

8.5 Testing Productivity 238

8.6 The Mental Lexicon, Psycholinguistics, and Neurolinguistics 246

8.7 Conclusion 252

Further Reading 253

Exercises 254

Glossary 258

References 273

Index 280

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Mark Aronoff is Professor of Linguistics at Stony Brook University (SUNY). He is co-editor, with Janie Rees-Miller, of The Handbook of Linguistics (Wiley-Blackwell, 2001), and served as editor of the journal Language from 1995 to 2000.

Kirsten Fudeman is Professor of French at the University of Pittsburgh. She is the author of Vernacular Voices: Language and Identity in Medieval French Jewish Communities (2010).

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  • Introduces the fundamental aspects of morphology to students with minimal background in linguistics
  • Second edition includes additional material on morphological productivity and the mental lexicon, and experimental and computational methods
  • Features new and revised exercises, suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, and an online instructor's manual 
  • Equips students with the skills to analyze a wide breadth of classic morphological issues through engaging examples
  • Uses cross-linguistic data throughout to illustrate concepts, specifically referencing Kujamaat Joola, a Senegalese language
See More

“This characteristic of the book particularly recommends it for teaching, as it is often the case that undergraduate students are reluctant to engage in argumentation and favor prescriptive contents. This book manages to lure the student into thinking and arguing rather than learning definitions.”  (Anglistik, 2 September 2012)

"The intended audience is undergraduate students in linguistics but the text is accessible enough for a person from a general audience wanting to understand the basic concepts in morphological theory and practice in linguistics." (Linguist, 25 June 2011)

 

“Aronoff and Fudeman have produced a clear and jargon-free introduction to contemporary morphological theory and practice. The book succeeds particularly in clarifying the empirical content, organizational principles and analytic techniques that distinguish morphology from other areas of linguistics.”
James P. Blevins, University of Cambridge

Aronoff and Fudeman have produced a clear and jargon-free introduction to contemporary morphological theory and practice. The book succeeds particularly in clarifying the empirical content, organizational principles and analytic techniques that distinguish morphology from other areas of linguistics.
James P. Blevins, University of Cambridge

 

PRAISE FOR PREVIOUS EDITION

 

"Aronoff and Fudeman have provided an extremely pleasant tour of the issues in modern morphological theory for beginning students. The rich collection of exercises will be a godsend to instructors and students alike, and the thread of discussion of a single language throughout the book is a brilliant stroke that other texts should emulate."
Stephen R. Anderson, Yale University

 

"This unusual book combines a basic start on morphology with an introduction to Kujamaat Jóola. It is a fine addition to teaching materials on morphology: a book for beginners to use with a teacher, yet one from which any linguist could learn. The authors intend students to develop ‘a lasting taste for morphology'. I think many will."
Greville Corbett, University of Surrey, Guildford

 

"Morphology has its own organizing principles, distinct from those of syntax, phonology, and the lexicon. Too many morphology textbooks obscure this fascinating fact, but Aronoff and Fudeman refreshingly make it the cornerstone of their exposition."
Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy, University of Canterbury

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Instructors Resources
Wiley Instructor Companion Site
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Purchase Options
Paperback   
What is Morphology?, 2nd Edition
ISBN : 978-1-4051-9467-9
312 pages
October 2010, ©2010
$41.95   BUY

Wiley E-Text   
What is Morphology?, 2nd Edition
ISBN : 978-1-4443-6201-5
312 pages
October 2011
$41.95   BUY

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