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Marriages and Families in the 21st Century: A Bioecological Approach

August 2011, ©2011, Wiley-Blackwell
Marriages and Families in the 21st Century: A Bioecological Approach (EHEP002279) cover image
Marriages and Families in the 21st Century provides an in-depth exploration of a traditional field of study using a new and engaging approach. The text covers all the important issues—including parenting, divorce, aging families, balancing work and family, family violence, and gender issues—using a bioecological framework that takes into account our status as both biological and social beings. Using this lens, which emphasizes the individual's interactions with a series of larger systemic influences—from family, peers, neighbors and teachers, to schools, media, institutions and culture—the book creates a cohesive overview of modern family life and helps students visualize the complex influences affecting all people in families. It also examines the state of modern families using a strengths-based approach, which allows students to evaluate the health and functioning of a family considering the biological and cultural milieu in which it exists, rather than on its observable structure or appearance alone.

Individual chapters cover historical and cultural trends and also explore the biological, personal, and social forces that shape individuals and families. Each chapter investigates the wide diversity of human relationships and integrates discussions of ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, and gender seamlessly into the main narrative. In addition, the book explores recent research in neuroscience, medicine, and biopsychology to examine how family relationships are shaped by and also influence individuals' biological functioning.

An accessible writing style coupled with numerous student-friendly pedagogical features help readers come to a multi-layered understanding of "what makes families tick," while also challenging them to reevaluate their own assumptions and experiences.

Key features:

  • Uses a bioecological model that takes into account our status as both biological and social beings
  • Employs a strengths-based approach that focuses on family processes rather than structure in evaluating families' optimal health and happiness
  • Incorporates discussion of neuroscience, medicine, and biopsychological research throughout
  • Explores a wide diversity of family relationships, integrating issues of ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, and gender
  • Focus on my Family boxes profile real families who wrote essays in their own words about their diverse experiences
  • How Would You Measure That? sections emphasize students' critical thinking and analysis of research design and conclusions
  • Helps students analyze their own families' strengths and attempt to build on those through psychometrically sound self-assessments and Building Your Strengths exercises
  • Engaging and accessible writing style incorporates contemporary, real-world examples with important theory and research
  • Instructor’s manual, test bank, PowerPoint lecture slides, and useful web links, as well as Student flash cards and self-test questions, available upon publication at www.wiley.com/go/howe
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Preface xv

Acknowledgments xvii

Walk Through Tour xviii

1 The Changing American Family 1

WHAT IS A FAMILY? 3

FAMILY STRUCTURES VS. FAMILY PROCESSES 8

THE EVOLUTION OF AMERICAN FAMILIES 16

THE APPROACH AND ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THIS BOOK 28

2 How We Study the Family: Theories and Research Methods 31

OVERVIEW: THE NEED FOR GOOD THEORY AND RESEARCH DESIGN 33

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS 33

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 47

DEMOGRAPHIC ISSUES IN RESEARCH 57

3 Sex and Gender 67

OVERVIEW: A BIOECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO SEX AND GENDER 70

WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEX AND GENDER? 70

THE IMPORTANCE OF GENDER FOR LIVING IN FAMILIES 72

GENDER AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION 75

GENDER DISCRIMINATION AND SEXISM 78

THEORIES OF GENDER ROLE DEVELOPMENT 82

OUR DEVELOPMENT INTO BOYS AND GIRLS AND MEN AND WOMEN 87

4 Sexualities 103

OVERVIEW OF INFLUENCES ON SEXUALITY 105

MACROSYSTEM AND HISTORICAL INFLUENCES ON SEX AND SEXUALITIES 105

TRENDS IN SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AND ATTITUDES ABOUT SEX 109

SEX ORGANS: THE WAY THEY WORK AND HOW THINGS GO AWRY 113

SEXUAL ORIENTATION 125

A CLOSER LOOK AT CURRENT ISSUES IN SEXUALITY 129

5 Dating and Mate Selection 141

OVERVIEW OF DATING, HOOKING UP, AND MATE SELECTION 143

A BIOECOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF DATING AND MATE SELECTION 146

THEORIES OF DATING AND MATE SELECTION 155

HISTORICAL TRENDS IN DATING AND MATE SELECTION 159

DIVERSITY IN DATING AND MATE SELECTION 161

CONTEMPORARY TRENDS AROUND THE WORLD 163

6 Love 171

WHAT IS LOVE? 173

IS LOVE UNIVERSAL? 178

BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF LOVE 184

THE SOCIAL CONTEXTS OF LOVE: ATTACHMENT THEORY 189

MACROSYSTEM INFLUENCES ON LOVE 193

A FINAL NOTE: ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF LOVE 196

7 Marriages and Committed Partnerships 201

OVERVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY MARRIAGE TRENDS 204

HEALTH BENEFITS OF HAPPY MARRIAGES 207

A HISTORICAL EXAMINATION OF MARRIAGE 210

TYPES OF MARRIAGE 212

MARITAL PROBLEMS 231

HEALTHY PROCESSES IN MARRIAGES 234

8 Living Single 243

OVERVIEW OF SINGLEHOOD 245

UNIQUE CHALLENGES FACING SINGLES 246

THE NORMATIVE LIFE CYCLE MODEL 251

THE DIVERSE LIVES OF SINGLE PEOPLE 253

MACROSYSTEM FORCES AGAINST SINGLEHOOD 257

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL HEALTH OF SINGLE PEOPLE 263

SINGLE THROUGH COMMITMENT TO GOD 267

FINAL REFLECTIONS 271

9 Reproduction and Parenting 275

OVERVIEW: TO PARENT OR NOT TO PARENT 278

HISTORICAL TRENDS IN PARENTING 280

REPRODUCTION AND BIRTH 286

THE TRANSITION TO PARENTHOOD 293

INFERTILITY AND CREATIVE WAYS TO BECOME PARENTS 296

PARENTING INFANTS AND CHILDREN 301

THE MANY FACES OF PARENTHOOD 309

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND THE MACROSYSTEM 318

10 The Economy of Working Families: Balancing Mental, Physical, and Financial Health in the Twenty-First Century 323

OVERVIEW OF ECONOMIC TRENDS 325

DIVERSITY IN WORK AND FAMILY LIFE 329

BALANCING WORK AND FAMILY 342

LIVING ON THE EXTREMES OF THE SOCIOECONOMIC CONTINUUM: POVERTY AND WEALTH 350

11 Families in Crisis: Violence, Abuse, and Neglect 357

OVERVIEW: THE PERVASIVE NATURE OF VIOLENCE 360

ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT 361

ANIMAL ABUSE 365

INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE 369

BATTERERS 386

CHILD MALTREATMENT 391

12 Divorce and Remarriage 403

OVERVIEW: TRENDS IN DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE 405

THE COMPLEXITIES OF DIVORCE 411

THE EFFECTS OF DIVORCE 415

REDUCING THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF DIVORCE 424

REMARRIAGE 427

13 Growing Older in Families 439

OVERVIEW: CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL BELIEFS ABOUT AGING 441

MULTIDIMENSIONAL CHANGES WITH AGE 444

RETIREMENT 456

FAMILY LIFE ACROSS GENERATIONS 458

14 The Evolution of Families in the Twenty-First Century 471

FIVE KEY IDEAS FOR UNDERSTANDING MARRIAGES AND FAMILIES 473

GENERAL TRENDS IN MULTICULTURALISM 475

GENDER AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY 477

GLOBALIZATION 480

AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT IMMIGRATION 487

FINAL REFLECTIONS ON THE FUTURE OF FAMILIES 490

Glossary of Key Terms G-1

References R-1

Index I-1

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Tasha R. Howe is a Fulbright Scholar and Professor of Psychology at Humboldt State University, where she specializes in family violence, developmental psychopathology, and violence prevention. She is also a nationally certified trainer for the American Psychological Association's violence prevention parenting curriculum Parents Raising Safe Kids. She has published numerous scholarly articles in the fields of child maltreatment, program evaluation, and the scholarship of teaching. In 2009, she was recognized for effectively infusing diversity into her teaching by the Society for the Teaching of Psychology, Division 2 of the American Psychological Association.
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  • Uses a bioecological model that takes into account our status as both biological and social beings
  • Employs a strengths-based approach that focuses on family processes rather than structure in evaluating families' optimal health and happiness
  • Incorporates discussion of neuroscience, medicine, and biopsychological research throughout
  • Explores a wide diversity of family relationships, integrating issues of ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, and gender throughout
  • Focus on my Family boxes profile real families who wrote essays in their own words about their diverse experiences
  • How Would You Measure That? sections emphasize students' critical thinking and analysis of research design and conclusions
  • Helps students analyze their own families' strengths and attempt to build on those through psychometrically sound self-assessments and Building Your Strengths exercises
  • Engaging and accessible writing style incorporates contemporary, real-world examples with important theory and research
  • Instructor’s manual, test bank, PowerPoint lecture slides, and useful web links, as well as Student flash cards and self-test questions, available upon publication at www.wiley.com/go/howe
See More
"This well-written text provides a balanced perspective on the contemporary American family. It is scholarly yet accessible to most readers. It is definitive while highlighting areas of controversy. It leads to counsel for family members in crisis while acknowledging the uniqueness of each case."

- Kenneth A. Dodge, Duke University

 

"Framed within bioecological theory, this book provides a unique and innovative perspective on marriage and families in the multicultural 21st century.  The volume is beautifully and respectfully written and students will greatly enjoy reading it.  Tasha Howe has produced a gem for the ages."

- Dante Cicchetti, University of Minnesota

 

"Marriages and Families in the 21st Century by Tasha Howe is not just another family textbook. Howe has succeeded in providing a fresh perspective on family issues that is reflective of our time.
In this engaging text, she emphasizes contemporary issues such as family diversity and the multi-determined nature of both family functioning and family influence on adults and children. The book will have wide appeal to both students and their instructors for its accessible but scholarly approach. This new entry is a winner!!"

- Ross D. Parke, University of California, Riverside

 

"This is an extraordinary and comprehensive textbook that will serve as a benchmark for encouraging and exciting students to learn about and understand marriages and families in our increasingly complex world."

- Margaret K. Keiley, Auburn University

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E-book   
Marriages and Families in the 21st Century: A Bioecological Approach
ISBN : 978-1-4443-4469-1
640 pages
September 2011
$95.99   BUY

Hardcover   
Marriages and Families in the 21st Century: A Bioecological Approach
ISBN : 978-1-4051-9501-0
576 pages
August 2011, ©2011
$118.95   BUY

Wiley E-Text   
Marriages and Families in the 21st Century: A Bioecological Approach
ISBN : 978-1-118-29676-9
640 pages
March 2012
$118.95   BUY

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