Shaping Our World: Engineering Education for the 21st Century
November 2011, ©2012
Engineering education is in flux. While it is increasingly important that engineers be innovative, entrepreneurial, collaborative, and able to work globally, there are virtually no programs that prepare students to meet these new challenges. Shaping Our World: Engineering Education for the 21st Century seeks to fill this void, exploring revolutionary approaches to the current engineering curriculum that will bring it fully up to date and prepare the next generation of would-be engineers for real and lasting professional success.
Comprised of fourteen chapters written by respected experts on engineering education, the book is divided into three parts that address the need for change in the way engineering is taught; specific innovations that have been tested, why they matter, and how they can be more broadly instituted; and the implications for further changes. Designed to aid engineering departments in their transition towards new modes of learning and leadership in engineering education, the book describes how to put into practice educational programs that are aligned with upcoming changes, such as those proposed in the NAE's Engineer of 2020 reports.
Addressing the need to change engineering education to meet the demands of the 21st century head on, Shaping Our World condenses current discussions, research, and trials regarding new methods into specific, actionable calls for change.
Charles M. Vest
PART I THE NEED AND CONTEXT 1
1. MEETING NEW CHALLENGES: TRANSFORMING ENGINEERING EDUCATION 3
Grétar Tryggvason and Diran Apelian
2. ONE WORLD: PREPARING ENGINEERS FOR THE GLOBAL ECONOMY 19
Michael J. Dolan
3. ENGINEERS: LEADERS, INNOVATORS, AND BUILDERS 27
4. HOLISTIC EDUCATION: LEARNING AND DOING IN CONTEXT 39
Dennis D. Berkey
PART II EFFECTIVE PRACTICES 53
5. IGNITION: THE GREAT PROBLEMS SEMINARS 55
Arthur C. Heinricher and Kristin Wobbe
6. GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP: STUDENTS SOLVING REAL PROBLEMS AROUND THE WORLD 77
Richard F. Vaz, Natalie A. Mello, and David DiBiasio
7. FOSTERING CITIZENSHIP AND ADVOCACY THROUGH THE HUMANITIES AND ARTS 107
Svetlana Nikitina and David Spanagel
8. THE CAPSTONE PROJECT: AN INTEGRATED EXPERIENCE 123
Fred J. Looft and Yiming (Kevin) Rong
9. TECHNICAL EDUCATION IN THE INNOVATION ECONOMY 151
Curtis R. Carlson and Jerome J. Schaufeld
10. A NEW DISCIPLINE FOR A NEW CENTURY: ROBOTICS ENGINEERING 179
Michael A. Gennert, Fred J. Looft, and Grétar Tryggvason
11. GRADUATE EDUCATION FOR THE PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER 201
Richard D. Sisson and Nikolaos A. Gatsonis
12. HOLISTIC GRADUATE EDUCATION: FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING 225
Kathy A. Notarianni
PART III OUTCOMES AND IMPLICATIONS 241
13. FORTY YEARS OF OUTCOMES-BASED PROJECT CENTRIC EDUCATION: LESSONS LEARNED 243
14. SO MUCH ACCOMPLISHED: SO MUCH TO BE DONE 265
Grétar Tryggvason was the head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), before accepting his present position as the Viola D. Hank Professor of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Notre Dame. He is well known for his contributions to computational fluid dynamics, particularly the development of methods for multiphase flows and for direct numerical simulations of such flows. He is the Editor in Chief of the Journal of Computational Physics, and a Fellow of the APS and ASME.
Diran Apelian is the Howmet Professor of Engineering and Director of the Metal Processing Institute at WPI. He is well known for his contributions to the field of solidification processing of light metals. During the past decade, he has focused on sustainable development, and is the founding director of the NSF Center for Resource Recovery and Recycling. He is past president of TMS, an NAE member, and a Fellow of TMS, APMI, and ASM.