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Foundations of College Chemistry, 14th Edition

December 2012, ©2014
Foundations of College Chemistry, 14th Edition (EHEP002532) cover image
Learning the fundamentals of chemistry can be a difficult task to undertake for health professionals. For over 35 years, this text has helped them master the chemistry skills they need to succeed. It provides them with clear and logical explanations of chemical concepts and problem solving. They’ll learn how to apply concepts with the help of worked out examples. In addition, Chemistry in Action features and conceptual questions checks brings together the understanding of chemistry and relates chemistry to things health professionals experience on a regular basis.
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1 An Introduction to Chemistry

1.1 The Nature of Chemistry

1.2 A Scientific Approach to Problem Solving

1.3 The Particulate Nature of Matter

1.4 Classifying Matter

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises, Additional Exercises

Answers to Practice Exercises

2 Standards for Measurement

2.1 Scientific Notation

2.2 Measurement and Uncertainty

2.3 Significant Figures

2.4 Significant Figures in Calculations

2.5 The Metric System

2.6 Dimensional Analysis: A Problem-2.7 Measurement of Temperature

2.8 Density

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

3 Elements and Compounds

3.1 Elements

3.2 Introduction to the Periodic Table

3.3 Compounds and Formulas

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

4 Properties of Matter

4.1 Properties of Substances

4.2 Physical and Chemical Changes

4.3 Learning to Solve Problems

4.4 Energy

4.5 Heat: Quantitative Measurement

4.6 Energy in the Real World

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

5 Early Atomic Theory and Structure

5.1 Dalton’s Model of the Atom

5.2 Electric Charge

5.3 Subatomic Parts of the Atom

5.4 The Nuclear Atom

5.5 Isotopes of the Elements

5.6 Atomic Mass

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercise, Answers to Practice Exercises

6 Nomenclature of Inorganic Compounds

6.1 Common and Systematic Names

6.2 Elements and Ions

6.3 Writing Formulas from Names of Ionic Compounds

6.4 Naming Binary Compounds

6.5 Naming Compounds Containing Polyatomic Ions

6.6 Acids

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercise, Answers to Practice Exercises

7 Quantitative Composition of Compounds

7.1 The Mole

7.2 Molar Mass of Compounds

7.3 Percent Composition of Compounds

7.4 Calculating Empirical Formulas

7.5 Calculating the Molecular Formula from the Empirical Formula

Review

Review Questions, Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

8 Chemical Equations

8.1 The Chemical Equation

8.2 Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations

8.3 Types of Chemical Equations

8.4 Heat in Chemical Reactions

8.5 Global Warming: The Greenhouse Effect

Review

Review Questions, Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercise, Answers to Practice Exercises

9 Calculations from Chemical Equations

9.1 Introduction to Stoichiometry

9.2 Mole–Mole Calculations

9.3 Mole–Mass Calculations

9.4 Mass–Mass Calculations

9.5 Limiting Reactant and Yield Calculations

Review

Review Questions, Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

10 Modern Atomic Theory and the Periodic Table

10.1 Electromagnetic Radiation

10.2 The Bohr Atom

10.3 Energy Levels of Electrons

10.4 Atomic Structures of the First 18 Elements

10.5 Electron Structures and the Periodic Table

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

11 Chemical Bonds: The Formation of Compounds from Atoms

11.1 Periodic Trends in Atomic Properties

11.2 Lewis Structures of Atoms

11.3 The Ionic Bond: Transfer of Electrons from One Atom to Another

11.4 Predicting Formulas of Ionic Compounds

11.5 The Covalent Bond: Sharing Electrons

11.6 Electronegativity

11.7 Lewis Structures of Compounds

11.8 Complex Lewis Structures

11.9 Compounds Containing Polyatomic Ions

11.10 Molecular Shape

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises

Answers to Practice Exercises

12 The Gaseous State of Matter

12.1 Properties of Gases

12.2 Boyle’s Law

12.3 Charles’ Law

12.4 Avogadro’s Law

12.5 Combined Gas Laws

12.6 Ideal Gas Law

12.7 Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures

12.8 Density of Gases

12.9 Gas Stoichiometry

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

13 Liquids

13.1 States of Matter: A Review

13.2 Properties of Liquids

13.3 Boiling Point and Melting Point

13.4 Changes of State

13.5 Intermolecular Forces

13.6 Hydrates

13.7 Water, a Unique Liquid

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

14 Solutions

14.1 General Properties of Solutions

14.2 Solubility

14.3 Rate of Dissolving Solids

14.4 Concentration of Solutions

14.5 Colligative Properties of Solutions

14.6 Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

15 Acids, Bases, and Salts

15.1 Acids and Bases

15.2 Reactions of Acids and Bases

15.3 Salts

15.4 Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes

15.5 Introduction to pH

15.6 Neutralization

15.7 Writing Net Ionic Equations

15.8 Acid Rain

Review

Review Questions, Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

16 Chemical Equilibrium

16.1 Rates of Reaction

16.2 Chemical Equilibrium

16.3 Le Châtelier’s Principle

16.4 Equilibrium Constants

16.5 Ion Product Constant for Water

16.6 Ionization Constants

16.7 Solubility Product Constant

16.8 Buffer Solutions: The Control of pH

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

17 Oxidation–Reduction

17.1 Oxidation Number

17.2 Balancing Oxidation–Reduction Equations

17.3 Balancing Ionic Redox Equations

17.4 Activity Series of Metals

17.5 Electrolytic and Voltaic Cells

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

18 Nuclear Chemistry

18.1 Discovery of Radioactivity

18.2 Alpha Particles, Beta Particles, and Gamma Rays

18.3 Radioactive Disintegration Series

18.4 Measurement of Radioactivity

18.5 Nuclear energy

18.6 Mass–Energy Relationship in Nuclear Reactions

18.7 Biological Effects of Radiation

A Window into Living Organisms

Review

Review Questions

Paired Exercises

Additional Exercises

Challenge Exercises, Answers to Practice Exercises

19 Introduction to Organic Chemistry

19.1 The Beginnings of Organic Chemistry

19.2 Why Carbon?

19.3 Alkanes

19.4 Alkenes and Alkynes

19.5 Aromatic Hydrocarbons

19.6 Hydrocarbon Derivatives

19.7 Alcohols

19.8 Ethers

19.9 Aldehydes and Ketones

19.10 Carboxylic Acids

19.11 Esters

19.12 Polymers—Macromolecules

20 Introduction to Biochemistry

20.1 Chemistry in Living Organisms

20.2 Carbohydrates

20.3 Lipids

20.4 Amino Acids and Proteins

20.5 Enzymes

20.6 Nucleic Acids, DNA, and Genetics

Review

Review Questions and Exercises

Answers to Practice Exercises

C H A P T E R S 18–20 REVIEW

APPENDICES

I. Mathematical and Review A-1

II. Using a Scientific Calculator A-10

III. Units of Measurement A-14

IV. Vapor Pressure of Water at Various

Temperatures A-15

V. Solubility Table A-16

VI. Answers to Selected Exercises A-17

VII. Answers to Putting It Together Review

Exercises A-33

GLOSSARY G-1

INDEX I-1

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  •  New Design w/Revised artwork
    • Concept Module Learning Design
    • Each section is supported by a worked example and practice problems
    • Sections have been re-written to support a more structured and uniform presentation of the concepts.
  • Learning Objectives for each section
  • EOC Questions – a 20% increase – new questions and revised questions written with a focus on addressing conceptual understanding – using applications and visual indicators (Art) – help students visualize what is being asked
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  • Clear and logical explanations of chemical concepts.
  • Step-by-step approach to problem solving.
  • Varied levels of questions and problems
  • Worked-out examples relating to the real world.
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Instructors Resources
Wiley Instructor Companion Site
Available Materials
by Morris Hein, Judith N. Peisen, Robert L. Miner
978-1-118-28899-3
January 2013, ©2013, Paperback (E-book also available)
by Morris Hein, Susan Arena
978-1-118-28900-6
January 2013, ©2013, Paperback
by Morris Hein, Susan Arena
978-1-118-28901-3
November 2012, ©2014, Paperback
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Students Resources
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Available Materials
by Morris Hein, Judith N. Peisen, Robert L. Miner
978-1-118-28899-3
January 2013, ©2013, Paperback (E-book also available)
by Morris Hein, Susan Arena
978-1-118-28900-6
January 2013, ©2013, Paperback
by Morris Hein, Susan Arena
978-1-118-28901-3
November 2012, ©2014, Paperback
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Foundations of College Chemistry, 14th Edition
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