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Veterinary Technician's Large Animal Daily Reference Guide

Amy D'Andrea (Editor), Jessica Sjogren (Editor)
October 2013, ©2013, Wiley-Blackwell
Veterinary Technician

Veterinary Technician’s Large Animal Daily Reference Guide is an indispensible resource in daily clinical practice. Covering all aspects of a veterinary technician’s responsibilities in the care of large animals, the book provides fast access to practical information, aiding newly trained and skilled large animal technicians alike in performing their daily tasks.  Designed as a quick yet comprehensive reference, the tables and charts throughout offer reliable, easy-to-follow information on horses, cattle, small ruminants, and pigs.

With chapter topics ranging from anatomy and nutrition to emergency and critical care, the book’s coverage includes both the basics of veterinary care and more specialized nursing procedures. Veterinary Technician’s Large Animal Daily Reference Guide is an invaluable tool for any veterinary technician working with large animals, as well as veterinary technology students seeking more information on these species.

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Contributors xi

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

Chapter 1: Anatomy 3
Amy D’Andrea and Jessica Sjogren with illustrations by Nathan Davis

Introduction 3

Systems Overviews 4

Chapter 2: Preventative Health Care 21
Amy D’Andrea and Jessica Sjogren

Introduction 22

Physical Examinations 22

Large Animal History 23

Preliminary Examination 24

Types of Physical Examinations 26

Physical Examination 27

Other Assessments 29

Vaccinations 29

Guiding Principles for Vaccinating an Animal 29

Adverse Reactions from Vaccinations 29

Vaccine Categories 29

Equine Injection Sites 30

Vaccines for Preventing Fatal Diseases in Horses 31

Vaccines to Minimize Illnesses in Horses 35

Areas of Injection and Blood Draws in Cattle 44

Dairy and Beef Cattle Vaccines 45

Small Ruminant Vaccines 50

Areas of Injection in Swine 52

Swine Vaccines 52

Rabies 55

Anthrax 58

Hoof Care 59

Common Diseases and Disorders of the Hoof 60

Lameness Grading Scale 61

Chapter 3: Nutrition 63
Ashley Moulton

The Importance of Nutrition 64

Vitamins 65

Minerals 67

Nutritional Defi ciencies 69

Nutritional Requirements for the Horse 76

Nutritional Requirements for the Dairy Cow 76

Nutritional Requirements for Beef Cattle 77

Nutritional Requirements for Sheep 77

Nutritional Requirements for Swine 77

Chapter 4: Internal Medicine 79
Jessica Sjogren and Amy D’Andrea

Cardiovascular 81

Dermatology 88

Endocrinology 93

Gastroenterology 95

Musculoskeletal 115

Neurology 121

Ophthalmology 125

Respiratory 128

Urology 137

Chapter 5: Reproduction 141
Katie Brown, Ryan Healy, and Maria Ferrer

Introduction 143

Female Reproductive Anatomy 144

Male Reproductive Anatomy 146

Reproductive Parameters in the Male 149

Ejaculatory Fractions in Boars and Stallions 149

Female Reproductive Physiology 150

Large Animal Reproductive Physiology 150

Phases of the Large Animal Estrous Cycle 151

Large Animal Gestation 152

Male Breeding Soundness Examination 153

Genital Examination 153

Semen Collection Techniques 154

Semen Evaluation 155

Sperm Abnormalities 155

Minimum Acceptable Testicular Size in

Satisfactory Potential Breeders 156

Minimum Acceptable Semen Quality in

Satisfactory Potential Breeders 156

Female Breeding Soundness Examination 157

Steps of the Female Breeding Soundness

Examination 157

Estrous Detection 158

Estrous Detection Techniques 158

Behavioral Signs of Estrus in Large Animals 159

Artificial Insemination 159

Proper Timing, Dose, and Site of Semen

Deposition during Artificial Insemination 160

Bovine Artificial Insemination Technique 161

Small Ruminant Artificial Insemination Methods 161

Swine Artificial Insemination 162

Equine Artificial Insemination 163

Handling and Preparation of Frozen Semen for Artificial Insemination 164

Pregnancy Diagnosis 164

Earliest Time or Ideal Time Range (Days Post-Ovulation) for Pregnancy Diagnosis in Large Animals 165

Abortion 165

Common Causes of Abortion 166

Management of Abortion 167

Twin Reduction in Mares 168

Parturition 168

Definition of the Stages of Parturition 168

Clinical Parameters of Parturition 169

Radius 316

Radius Radiography 316

Tibia 318

Tibia Radiography 318

Metacarpus (MCIII)/Metatarsus (MTIII) 320

Metacarpus/Metatarsus Radiography 321

Cervical Spine 322

Cervical Spine Radiography 322

Thorax 324

Thorax Radiography 324

Pelvis 326

Pelvis Radiography 326

Skull 327

Guttural Pouch/Larynx/Pharynx 327

Skull Radiography 327

Chapter 9: Pharmacology 329
Patrick Hennigan

Introduction 331

Basic Calculations 331

Antifungal Drugs 332

Anti-Infective Drugs: Aminoglycosides, Cephalosporins, and Chloramphenicol 333

Anti-Infective Drugs: Fluoroquinolones, Lincosamides, and Metronidazole 334

Anti-Infective Drugs: Penicillin, Sulfonamides, and Tetracyclines 336

Antiparasitic Drugs: Antinematodals 337

Antiparasitic Drugs: Anticestodals 338

Cardiovascular Drugs: Antiarrhythmics 339

Cardiovascular Drugs: Anticoagulants and

Calcium Supplements 340

Cardiovascular Drugs: Contractility Enhancers and Positive Inotropes 341

Renal and Urinary Tract Drugs: Diuretics 342

Renal and Urinary Tract Drugs: Acidifiers and Alkalinizers

Renal and Urinary Tract Drugs: Alpha Blocker and Anabolic Steroids 343

Antihistamines 343

Musculoskeletal Drugs: Adrenal

Cortical Steroids 344

Musculoskeletal Drugs: Nonsteroidal

Antiinflammatory Drugs 345

Central Nervous System Drugs: Anticonvulsants 347

Central Nervous System Drugs: Muscle Relaxers 347

Central Nervous System Drugs: Alpha-2 Agonists 348

Central Nervous System Drugs:

Dissociative Agents 348

Central Nervous System Drugs: Opioids 349

Chapter 10: Emergency Care 351
Jamie Defazio

Introduction 352

Emergency Supplies 352

Emergency Equipment and Supplies 353

Monitoring/Nursing Equipment 354

Triage 354

Assessment Triage (General) 355

Cardiac Emergencies 356

Procedure for Indirect Blood Pressure

Measurement for the Large Animal Patient 358

Respiratory Emergencies 359

Ophthalmic Emergencies 363

Gastrointestinal Emergencies 366

Procedure for Nasogastric Intubation

in the Equine Patient 369

Neurologic Emergencies 370

Reproductive Emergencies 373

Toxicological Emergencies 375

Metabolic Emergencies 379

Neonatal Emergencies 380

Urogenital and Renal Emergencies 383

Musculoskeletal Emergencies 385

Trauma/Shock 388

Over-the-Needle and Over-the-Wire Intravenous

Catheter Placement in the Jugular Vein 391

Chapter 11: Holistic Medicine for Horses 393
Jessica Sjogren

Holistic Medicine 394

Massage Therapy 394

Hydrotherapy 396

Chiropractic Therapy 398

Herbology 400

Oils 405

Acupuncture 407

Glossary 409

Bibliography 415

Index

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Amy D'Andrea, BS, MEd, CVT, VTS (EVN), is an instructor at the New England Institute of Technology Veterinary Technology Program in Warwick, Rhode Island, USA.

Jessica Sjogren, BS, CEST, is an emergency technologist at VCA South Shore Animal Hospital in South Weymouth, Massachusetts, USA.

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  • Provides fast access to all the information large animal technicians need in daily practice
  • Offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of a veterinary technician’s responsibilities
  • Presents information on a wide range of topics, including preventative health care, internal medicine, nursing care, radiography, and pharmacology
  • Encompasses both basic and advanced techniques, making it an ideal reference for veterinary technicians of any skill level
  • Uses tables and charts for rapid retrieval of essential details
  • Covers horses, cattle, small ruminants, and pigs
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Purchase Options
E-book   
Veterinary Technician's Large Animal Daily Reference Guide
ISBN : 978-1-118-69499-2
464 pages
August 2013
$45.99   BUY

Wiley E-Text   
Veterinary Technician's Large Animal Daily Reference Guide
ISBN : 978-1-118-69478-7
464 pages
September 2013
$49.00   BUY

Paperback   
Veterinary Technician's Large Animal Daily Reference Guide
ISBN : 978-0-8138-1621-0
464 pages
October 2013
$64.99   BUY

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