Wiley.com
Print this page Share
Textbook

Microbiology: Principles and Explorations, 9th Edition

August 2015, ©2015
Microbiology: Principles and Explorations, 9th Edition (EHEP003196) cover image

Description

Microbiology: Principles and Explorations has been a best-selling textbook for several editions due to the authors engaging writing style where her passion for the subject shines through the narrative. The texts student-friendly approach provides readers with an excellent introduction to the study of Microbiology. This text is appropriate for non-major and mixed major microbiology courses, as well as allied health, agriculture and food sciences courses.

See More

Table of Contents

1 Scope and History of Microbiology 1

WHY STUDY MICROBIOLOGY? 2

SCOPE OF MICROBIOLOGY 4

HISTORICAL ROOTS 9

THE GERM THEORY OF DISEASE 11

EMERGENCE OF SPECIAL FIELDS OF MICROBIOLOGY 15

TOMORROW’S HISTORY 19

2 Fundamentals of Chemistry 27

WHY STUDY CHEMISTRY? 27

CHEMICAL BUILDING BLOCKS AND CHEMICAL BONDS 28

WATER AND SOLUTIONS 32

COMPLEX ORGANIC MOLECULES 36

3 Microscopy and Staining 51

HISTORICAL MICROSCOPY 52

PRINCIPLES OF MICROSCOPY 52

LIGHT MICROSCOPY 58

ELECTRON MICROSCOPY 62

TECHNIQUES OF LIGHT

MICROSCOPY 68

4 Characteristics of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells 77

BASIC CELL TYPES 78

PROKARYOTIC CELLS 78

EUKARYOTIC CELLS 97

EVOLUTION BY ENDOSYMBIOSIS 103

THE MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES ACROSS MEMBRANES 105

5 Essential Concepts of Metabolism 115

METABOLISM: AN OVERVIEW 115

ENZYMES 118

ENZYME INHIBITION 120

ANAEROBIC METABOLISM: GLYCOLYSIS AND FERMENTATION 124

AEROBIC METABOLISM: RESPIRATION 128

THE METABOLISM OF FATS AND PROTEINS 134

OTHER METABOLIC PROCESSES 135

THE USES OF ENERGY 138

6 Growth and Culturing of Bacteria 146

GROWTH AND CELL DIVISION 146

FACTORS AFFECTING BACTERIAL GROWTH 156

SPORULATION 165

CULTURING BACTERIA 167

LIVING, BUT NONCULTURABLE, ORGANISMS 174

7 Microbial Genetics 179

AN OVERVIEW OF GENETIC PROCESSES 180

DNA REPLICATION 184

PROTEIN SYNTHESIS 185

THE REGULATION OF METABOLISM 193

MUTATIONS 197

8 Gene Transfer and Genetic Engineering 213

THE TYPES AND SIGNIFICANCE OF GENE TRANSFER 214

TRANSFORMATION 215

TRANSDUCTION 217

CONJUGATION 220

GENE TRANSFER MECHANISMS COMPARED 224

PLASMIDS 224

GENETIC ENGINEERING 228

9 An Introduction to Taxonomy: The Bacteria 242

TAXONOMY: THE SCIENCE OF CLASSIFICATION 243

USING A TAXONOMIC KEY 245

THE FIVE-KINGDOM CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 246

THE THREE-DOMAIN CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 250

CLASSIFICATION OF VIRUSES 254

THE SEARCH FOR EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS 256

BACTERIAL TAXONOMY AND NOMENCLATURE 262

10 Viruses 272

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VIRUSES 273

CLASSIFICATION OF VIRUSES 277

EMERGING VIRUSES 284

VIRAL REPLICATION 287

CULTURING OF ANIMAL VIRUSES 297

VIRUSES AND TERATOGENESIS 299

VIRUSLIKE AGENTS: SATELLITES, VIROPHAGES, VIROIDS, AND PRIONS 300

VIRUSES AND CANCER 304

HUMAN CANCER VIRUSES 305

11 Eukaryotic Microorganisms and Parasites 311

PRINCIPLES OF PARASITOLOGY 312

PROTISTS 314

FUNGI 321

HELMINTHS 329

ARTHROPODS 337

12 Sterilization and Disinfection 345

PRINCIPLES OF STERILIZATION AND DISINFECTION 346

CHEMICAL ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS 347

PHYSICAL ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS 357

13 Antimicrobial Therapy 371

ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY 372

THE HISTORY OF CHEMOTHERAPY 373

GENERAL PROPERTIES OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS 374

DETERMINING MICROBIALSENSITIVITIES TO ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS 382

ATTRIBUTES OF AN IDEAL ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT 385

ANTIBACTERIAL AGENTS 385

ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS 391

ANTIVIRAL AGENTS 394

ANTIPROTOZOAN AGENTS 396

ANTIHELMINTHIC AGENTS 397

SPECIAL PROBLEMS WITH DRUG-RESISTANT

HOSPITAL INFECTIONS 397

14 Host-Microbe Relationships and Disease Processes 405

HOST–MICROBE RELATIONSHIPS 406

KOCH’S POSTULATES 412

KINDS OF DISEASES 413

THE DISEASE PROCESS 415

INFECTIOUS DISEASES—PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE 427

15 Epidemiology and Nosocomial Infections 433

EPIDEMIOLOGY 434

NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS 455

BIOTERRORISM 464

16 Innate Host Defenses 472

INNATE AND ADAPTIVE HOST DEFENSES 473

PHYSICAL BARRIERS 474

CHEMICAL BARRIERS 474

CELLULAR DEFENSES 474

INFLAMMATION 482

FEVER 485

MOLECULAR DEFENSES 486

DEVELOPMENT OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM: WHO HAS ONE? 492

17 Basic Principles of Adaptive Immunity and Immunization 498

IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNITY 499

TYPES OF IMMUNITY 499

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM 501

HUMORAL IMMUNITY 507

MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES 513

CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY 515

MUCOSAL IMMUNE SYSTEM 519

IMMUNIZATION 521

IMMUNITY TO VARIOUS KINDS OF PATHOGENS 530

18 Immune Disorders 539

OVERVIEW OF IMMUNOLOGICAL DISORDERS 540

IMMEDIATE (TYPE I) HYPERSENSITIVITY 541

CYTOTOXIC (TYPE II) HYPERSENSITIVITY 545

IMMUNE COMPLEX (TYPE III) HYPERSENSITIVITY 549

CELL-MEDIATED (TYPE IV)

HYPERSENSITIVITY 552

AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS 554

TRANSPLANTATION 558

DRUG REACTIONS 561

IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISEASES 562

IMMUNOLOGICAL TESTS 571

19 Diseases of the Skin and Eyes; Wounds and Bites 585

THE SKIN, MUCOUS MEMBRANES, AND EYES 586

DISEASES OF THE SKIN 589

DISEASES OF THE EYES 603

WOUNDS AND BITES 607

20 Urogenital and Sexually Transmitted Diseases 617

COMPONENTS OF THE UROGENITAL SYSTEM 618

UROGENITAL DISEASES

USUALLY NOT TRANSMITTED SEXUALLY 621

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES 627

21 Diseases of the Respiratory System 650

COMPONENTS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM 651

DISEASES OF THE UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT 654

DISEASES OF THE LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT 660

22 Oral and Gastrointestinal Diseases 690

COMPONENTS OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 691

DISEASES OF THE ORAL CAVITY 693

GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES CAUSED BY BACTERIA 698

GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES CAUSED BY OTHER PATHOGENS 709

23 Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, and Systemic Diseases 733

THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM 734

CARDIOVASCULAR AND LYMPHATIC DISEASES 735

SYSTEMIC DISEASES 740

24 Diseases of the Nervous System 772

COMPONENTS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM 773

DISEASES OF THE BRAIN AND MENINGES 773

OTHER DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM 782

25 Environmental Microbiology 801

FUNDAMENTALS OF ECOLOGY 801

BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES 803

AIR 812

SOIL 813

WATER 817

MARINE ENVIRONMENTS 818

SEWAGE TREATMENT 825

BIOREMEDIATION 827

26 Applied Microbiology 834

MICROORGANISMS FOUND IN FOOD 835

PREVENTING DISEASE TRANSMISSION AND FOOD SPOILAGE 842

MICROORGANISMS AS FOOD AND IN FOOD PRODUCTION 848

BEER, WINE, AND SPIRITS 853

INDUSTRIAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL MICROBIOLOGY 855

USEFUL ORGANIC PRODUCTS 857

MICROBIOLOGICAL MINING 860

MICROBIOLOGICAL WASTE DISPOSAL 861

Appendices

A METRIC SYSTEM MEASUREMENTS, CONVERSIONS, AND MATH TOOLS A-1

B CLASSIFICATION OF VIRUSES A-4

C WORD ROOTS COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED IN MICROBIOLOGY A-8

D SAFETY PRECAUTIONS IN THE HANDLING OF CLINICAL SPECIMENS A-11

E METABOLIC PATHWAYS A-13

GLOSSARY 866

CLINICAL CASE STUDY ANSWERS 894

CRITICAL THINKING QUESTIONS ANSWERS 896

SELF-QUIZ ANSWERS 904

INDEX 916

 

See More

New To This Edition

• Concept Compass: The 9th edition has updated and improved the chapter opening Concept Compass which provides students with the key concepts and highlights where animations are available in the WileyPLUS course for each concept. Students will be able to easily navigate through the text and identify key sections which require review and practice, and where to find the related study tools.

• Chapter Opener Vignettes amplify the author’s unique ability to take the reader on a microbiology journey. These two page chapter openers engage students into the chapter by drawing a connection to hot issues in the field, applications and factoids of high interest.

• Content has been updated throughout the narrative of the text. This updating also includes some of the artwork and micrographs presented throughout the text.

See More

The Wiley Advantage

With an accurate and informative art program, the text includes artwork produced by award winning medical illustrators and photographs that have been personally researched and identified by the author. This title is written by a microbiologist, who teaches microbiology on a consistent basis in addition to her responsibilities in the scientific community. Supportive pedagogical aids also help foster a student’s understanding of the subject matter and its applications.

WileyPLUS is a research-based online environment for effective teaching and learning. WileyPLUS is packed with interactive study tools and resources–including the complete online textbook–to give your students more value for their money. With WileyPLUS, students will have an extensive use of applications to relate to throughout the narrative of every chapter that helps them comprehend key principles.  Examples include “pimples that can lead to septicemia if squeezed” and “involuntary drunkenness caused by yeast fermenting in stomach food”. Informal, student-centered writing style serves more as a narrative for students exploring microbiology than as a textbook that reads as a list of facts.

WileyPLUS is now equipped with an adaptive learning module called ORION. Based on cognitive science, WileyPLUS with ORION, provides students with a personal, adaptive learning experience so they can build their proficiency on topics and use their study time most effectively. WileyPLUS with ORION helps students learn by learning about them.

See More
Instructors Resources
Wiley Instructor Companion Site
Case Study Correlation Guide
Cell and Molecular Visual Library
Clicker Questions
Images
Available in JPG and PPT
Instructor's Manual
Offers helpful teaching ideas, advice on course development, sample assignments, learning objectives, lecture outlines, class exercises, lecture notes, chapter reviews, and more!
Learning Management Course Student Resources
Lecture PowerPoint Presentations
Our PowerPoint presentations contain a combination of key concepts allowing you to illustrate important topics with images, figures, and problems from the textbook.
Microbiology Roadmap
Test Bank
Test your students' comprehension with this digital collection of fill-in-the-blank, multiple-choice, true/false, and free-response questions.
ENHANCE YOUR COURSE
WileyPLUS
A research-based online environment for learning and assessment.
Learn more
Digital evaluation copy available for this title
Request Copy
Contact your Wiley Representative
Find Your Rep
See More
See Less
Students Resources
Wiley Student Companion Site
Flash cards
Key Terms and Definitions prepared into flash cards for student study.
Microbiology Roadmap
Practice quizzes
These quizzes give students a way to test themselves on course material before exams. Each chapter exam contains fill in the blank, application, and multiple choice questions that provide immediate feedback with the correct answer.
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
WileyPLUS
A research-based online environment for learning and assessment.
Learn more
See More
See Less
Purchase Options
Wiley E-Text   
Microbiology: Principles and Explorations, 9th Edition
ISBN : 978-1-118-93479-1
960 pages
September 2014, ©2015
$96.00   BUY

Loose-leaf   
Microbiology: Principles and Explorations, 9th Edition Binder Ready Version
ISBN : 978-1-118-91458-8
960 pages
September 2014, ©2015
$168.95   BUY

Hardcover   
Microbiology: Principles and Explorations, 9th Edition
ISBN : 978-1-118-74316-4
960 pages
August 2015, ©2015
$239.95   BUY

Related Titles

Back to Top