Organic Chemistry, Twelfth Edition
January 2016, ©2016
The 12th edition of Organic Chemistry continues Solomons, Fryhle & Snyder's tradition of excellence in teaching and preparing students for success in the organic classroom and beyond.
A central theme of the authors' approach to organic chemistry is to emphasize the relationship between structure and reactivity. To accomplish this, the content is organized in a way that combines the most useful features of a functional group approach with one largely based on reaction mechanisms. The authors' philosophy is to emphasize mechanisms and their common aspects as often as possible, and at the same time, use the unifying features of functional groups as the basis for most chapters. The structural aspects of the authors' approach show students what organic chemistry is. Mechanistic aspects of their approach show students how it works. And wherever an opportunity arises, the authors' show students what it does in living systems and the physical world around us.
1 The Basics Bonding and Molecular Structure 1
2 Families of Carbon Compounds Functional Groups, Intermolecular Forces, and Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy 55
3 Acids and Bases An Introduction to Organic Reactions and Their Mechanisms 104
4 Nomenclature and Conformations of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes 144
5 Stereochemistry Chiral Molecules 193
6 Nucleophilic Reactions Properties and Substitution Reactions of Alkyl Halides 240
7 Alkenes and Alkynes I Properties and Synthesis. Elimination Reactions of Alkyl Halides 282
8 Alkenes and Alkynes II Addition Reactions 337
9 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Mass Spectrometry Tools for Structure Determination 391
10 Radical Reactions 448
11 Alcohols and Ethers Synthesis and Reactions 489
12 Alcohols from Carbonyl Compounds Oxidation–Reduction and Organometallic Compounds 534
13 Conjugated Unsaturated Systems 572
14 Aromatic Compounds 617
15 Reactions of Aromatic Compounds 660
16 Aldehydes and Ketones Nucleophilic Addition to the Carbonyl Group 711
17 Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives Nucleophilic Addition–Elimination at the Acyl Carbon 761
18 Reactions at the α Carbon of Carbonyl Compounds Enols and Enolates 811
19 Condensation and Conjugate Addition Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds More Chemistry of Enolates 849
20 Amines 890
21 Transition Metal Complexes Promoters of Key Bond-Forming Reactions 938
22 Carbohydrates 965
23 Lipids 1011
24 Amino Acids and Proteins 1045
25 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis 1090
Answers to Selected Problems A-1
Photo Credits C-1
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- Interactive concept map exercises
- Interactive summary of reactions exercises
- Interactive mechanism review exercises
- Video walkthroughs of key mechanisms by the authors
In response to market feedback, the authors have improved the current presentation of the chemistry of benzene rings by moving Ch 21, Phenols and Aryl Halides after Ch15, Reactions of Aromatic Compounds. Other 12e revisions include
- Synthesizing the Material: new end of chapter problems that requires the student to use synthesis methods across chapters
- New Transition Metal Chemistry chapter located after the Ch20, Chemistry of Amines
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