Case 7 Landscape and Life along the East African Rift:  
the Virunga Mountains, Rwanda 
by Robert E. Ford
 
 
 
Tour III: Ground-level Tour of Virunga Volcanic and Tectonic Features and Landscapes
 
[Click HERE  to start tour]
 
 
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Slide 1: October 1994 SAR Image of the Virunga Volcanoes.
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Slide 2: Lava map of Nyamuragira volcano in D.R. Congo from SAR image. 
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Slide 3: Tutsi herders on promontory overlooking Virunga Chain of Volcanoes Sabynyo, Gahinga and Muhabura.
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Slide 4 : Beans and bananas growing on fairly recent volcanic lava flows.
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Slide 5: Farming on steep slopes, e.g. cinder cones in Gisenyi Prefecture, Rwanda. 
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Slide 6: Mikeno (left) and Karisimbi (right) volcanoes.
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Slide 7: A lavatube collapse - Gisenyi, Prefecture, Rwanda.
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Slide 8: Extinct cinder cones near Mudende Commune, Gisenyi Precture 
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Slide 9: Nyiragongo volcano in Zaire (DR Congo).
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Slide 10: A fumerole on the sides of Nyiragongo showing escaping gas as well as charred vegetation from a volcanic event in the late 1980s.
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Slide 11: The main crater of Mt. Karisimbi and the Lake inside the crater
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Slide 12: Lava flow on lower slopes of Nyiragongo on the D.R. Congo (Zaire) side of the border.
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Slide 13: Recent lava flow from Nyiragongo. 
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Slide 14: The town of Gisenyi on Lake Kivu
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Slide 15:  Summit of Mt. Karisimbi with Mikeno in background.
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Slide 16: Lava-blocked Lake Ruhondo - seen from Buberuka Highlands in Ruhengeri Prefecture.
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Slide 17: Lake Bulera - another “lava-blocked” lake on the Mukungwa watershed. 
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Slide 18: Heavy erosion on slopes and heavy silt load on branch of the upper Nyabarongo river.
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Slide 19: The Rugezi swamp, a “drowned valley,” left at a high altitude after uplift of parts of the Buberuka Highlands. 
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Slide 20: Outflow point of the Rugezi swamp. 
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Slide 21:  The Rugezi Falls - a major “knickpoint”.
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Slide 22: The Western Rift Valley escarpment north of Rutshuru.
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Slide 23: The Rutshuru river within Virunga National Park (DR Congo) Zaire 
 
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Slide 24:  Fisherfolk on shores of Lake Edward near mouth of the Rutshuru river.
 
Created 12 February 1998. Last updated 6 May 1998  by JDH.