Case 7

Landscape and Life along the East African Rift:  
the Virunga Mountains, Rwanda 
by Robert E. Ford
 
 

 
Tour V: Human-environment interaction in the Virunga Region
 
[Click HERE  to start tour]
 

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Slide 1: Riparian Zone and Dry Bush-savanna--Sclerophytic Vegetation--Virunga National Park.

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Slide  2: Bush-Woodland near the Town of Rutshuru, D.R. Congo.

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Slide 3: The Lower Afro-Montane Forest on the Slopes of Mikeno Volcano.

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Slide 4: Mt. Karisimbi and Exotic Crops in the Upper Afro-Montane Forest Belt.

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Slide 5: Women Carrying Water through a Fallow Bean Field in the Afro-Montane Forest Belt.

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Slide 6: Other Introduced Crops in the Afro-Montane Forest Belt .

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Slide 7: Intensive Hillside Farming in the Buberuka Highlands above the Rugezi Swamp.

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Slide 8: Another view of Intensive Agriculture in the Buberuka Highlands.

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Slide 9: Bottomland “Peat” Hydromorphic Soils in the Buberuka Highlands .

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 Slide 10: Spatial Patterns of Traditional Agricultural Land Use.

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Slide 11: Wheatlands in the Buberuka Highlands.

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Slide 12: Subsistence Agriculture Invading very Steeplands.

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Slide 13: Clear-cut Deforested Area in the Gishwati Forest Preserve changed into Modern Dairy Farms.

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Slide 14: Accelerated Erosion on the Zaire-Nile Crest.

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Slide 15: Line of Demarcation between the Advancing Agriculture and the Virunga National Park.

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Slide 16: View across Lake Bulera to Muhabura Volcano.

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Slide 17: A Paysannat Farm Northeast of Ruhengeri.

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Slide 18: A High-altitude Tea Plantation near Gisenyi.

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Slide 19: Native Bamboo Vegetation on the Edge of Volcanoes National Park.

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Slide 20: A Flock of Crested Cranes in Agricultural Fields.

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Slide 21: Digital Elevation Model of the Virunga Volcanoes: Karisimbi, Mikeno and Muhabura.

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Slide 22:  View of the Southwestern Slopes of Mt. Karisimbi.

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Slide 23: The Hagenia Woodland, Undergrowth and Lobelia on Visoke Volcano.

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Slide 24: Dense Hagenia Forest on the Slopes of Visoke.

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Slide 25: A large “Grayback” Male Mountain Gorilla Eating Bamboo Shoots

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Slide 26: Gorilla Mother and Baby in the Bamboo Forest near Karisoke Entrance.

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Slide 27: Giant Heather, Sphagnum Moss and Lichens on the "Bush Ridge".

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Slide 28: Giant Lobelia, Groundsels (Senecio sp.) and other Plants.

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Slide 29: Low Sedges and Sphagnum Mosses in the Nival Zone--the Summit of Mt. Karisimbi.

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Slide 30: View of Mikeno from the summit of Mount Karisimbi on a Clear Day.

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Slide 31: The Agricultural Landscape of the High Afro-Montane Belt.

 Click here for the 
Self-Test Exercise

  

Created 12 February 1998. Last updated 12 May 1998  by JDH.