1.
Select the monosaccharide(s).
A.
sucrose
B.
fructose
C.
glucose
D.
fructose and glucose


2.
Select the storage form of carbohydrate found in mammals.

A.
glycogen
B.
starch
C.
fiber
D.
fiber and glycogen


3.
The digestion of sucrose (table sugar) results in what two monosaccharides?
A.
maltose & glucose
B.
glucose & galactose
C.
fructose & glucose
D.
galactose & fructose


4.
Humans cannot digest fiber because ________.
A.
fibers are soluble in water.
B.
humans lack the necessary enzymes.
C.
fibers are insoluble in water.
D.
bile salts are ineffective on fibers.


5.
Most individuals who are lactose intolerant can consume milk products if they _______________.
A.
are of northern European background.
B.
combine milk products with a high fiber diet.
C.
process them with heat prior to consumption.
D.
take milk products along with lactase tablets.


6.
Abnormally high concentrations of blood glucose resulting from Type 2 diabetes are caused by ___________.
A.
pancreatic cells no longer producing insulin.
B.
body cells not responding appropriately to insulin.
C.
abnormally high glucagon levels.
D.
loss of muscle tissue.


7.
Removing the coarse parts of corn to make cornflakes results in a food that is:

A.
enriched
B.
fortified
C.
refined
D.
unrefined


8.
The RDA for carbohydrate, 130 mg/day, is based on _____.
A.
the amount needed to provide adequate glucose for the brain and prevent ketosis.
B.
an amount low enough to decrease the risk of dental caries and hyperactivity in children.
C.
an attempt by the DRI's to increase the protein levels in the diet.
D.
the amount needed to provide adequate fiber intake that will decrease the risk of colon cancer.


9.
One result of low carbohydrate intake and/or insufficient glycogen stores is the production of ________.
A.
lactic acid.
B.
urea.
C.
ketone bodies.
D.
pyruvate.


10.
The amount of rise in blood glucose concentration immediately following consumption of a specific food is called __________.
A.
hyperglycemia.
B.
the insulin response.
C.
glycolysis.
D.
glycemic response.


11.
The majority of starch digestion and breakdown of disaccharides occurs in the:

A.
mouth
B.
stomach
C.
small intestine
D.
large intestine


12.
Only monosaccharides can be absorbed by the intestinal cells of the adult.
A. True
B. False


13.
About half the energy in the American diet comes from carbohydrates rich in refined sugars and low in dietary fiber.
A. True
B. False


14.
Oligosaccharides are carbohydrates containing many sugar units (greater than 10) linked together.
A. True
B. False


15.
A low-fiber meal results in:

A.
blunting of the rise in blood glucose after the meal
B.
concentration of nutrients
C.
slowing of digestion
D.
dilution of GI contents


16.
A kiwi and a soda each contain 140 calories but the kiwi is considered to be a ______ food and the soda a ______ food:
A.
nutrient dense, empty calorie
B.
empty calorie, nutrient dense
C.
nutrient dense, unrefined food
D.
calorie dense, empty calorie


17.
When starches are refined only the ________ remains:
A.
germ
B.
endosperm
C.
bran
D.
fiber


18.
Glycogen is stored for later use in:
A.
muscle cells
B.
blood cells
C.
liver cells
D.
muscle and liver cells


19.
Metabolism in the absence of oxygen is called aerobic metabolism.
A. True
B. False


20.
The complete breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen results in:
A.
carbon dioxide, water, and ATP
B.
lactic acid, water, and ATP
C.
carbon monoxide, water, and ATP
D.
water and ATP


21.
Blood glucose of 100-125 mg/dl fasting and 140-199 mg/dl 2 hours after a meal is considered:

A.
normal
B.
ketotic
C.
prediabetic
D.
diabetic


22.
Nonnutritive sweeteners can help reduce the incidence of dental caries and manage blood sugar levels.
A. True
B. False


23.
According to MyPyramid, the healthiest carbohydrate choices are foods found in the:
A.
meat group
B.
vegetable group
C.
grain group
D.
grains, fruits, and vegetable groups


24.
The number of grams of sugars listed on the Nutrition Facts distinguishes between added sugar and naturally occurring sugar.

A. True
B. False



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