1.
What is the aerobic zone heart rate for a 48-year-old male?
A.
172 – 220 beats per minute
B.
103 – 146 beats per minute
C.
114 – 162 beats per minute
D.
143 – 170 beats per minute


2.
Sport drinks should contain no more than 20 grams of carbohydrate (sugar) per cup because:
A.
more sugar than this increases the stomach emptying time.
B.
more sugar than this decreases the stomach emptying time.
C.
more sugar than this raises blood glucose to levels that promote the production of lactic acid.
D.
more sugar than this stimulates anaerobic metabolism.


3.
Which of the following lists the three components of the female athlete triad?
A.
iron deficiency, disordered eating, hormonal imbalance
B.
osteoporosis, severe weight loss, iron deficiency
C.
amenorrhea, osteoporosis, disordered eating
D.
hormonal imbalance, amenorrhea, disordered eating


4.
Select the correct order of fuels as they are used during moderate exercise lasting 45 minutes.
A.
glucose, protein, fatty acids and glucose
B.
Stored ATP and CP, glucose, both fatty acids and glucose
C.
Stored ATP and CP, both fatty acids and glucose, glucose
D.
protein, glucose, both fatty acids and glucose.


5.
In general, vitamin and mineral recommendations for athletes are not greater than that recommended for the general population.
A. True
B. False


6.
The overload principle describes the adaptation of the body to exercise allowing one to gradually do more work.
A. True
B. False


7.
While not a major fuel source while the body is at rest, protein is a major source of energy during exercise.
A. True
B. False


8.
Which of the following is not a component of physical fitness?
A.
cardiorespiratory endurance
B.
muscle tone
C.
muscle strength
D.
flexibility
E.
body composition


9.
Exercise stimulates the release of natural mood enhancers called endorphins.
A. True
B. False


10.
To promote maintenance of a healthy body weight and to maximize health, it is recommended that adults perform:
A.
30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week
B.
30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise daily
C.
60 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week
D.
60 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise daily


11.
Which of the following statements about overtraining syndrome is false?
A.
it can occur in athletes of all levels
B.
the most common symptom is fatigue that limits workouts
C.
it can result in increased frequency of viral infections
D.
it can result in decreased appetite


12.
Which of the following statements about the production of ATP in the diagram labeled “B” is false?

A.
it requires the presence of oxygen
B.
it can only use glucose as fuel
C.
it can use carbohydrates, fat, or protein as fuel
D.
it is a more efficient process for generating ATP than process “A”


13.
Which statement is true about the energy system labeled A?


A.
it can use fatty acids, glucose, and amino acids to produce ATP
B.
it produces energy from stored ATP
C.
it can only use glucose to generate ATP
D.
it produces energy from stored creatine phosphate


14.
Based on the information in the diagram, if your goal is to lose weight, which of the following activities would result in the greatest number of calories burned?

A.
a slow 30-minute jog in the fat-burning zone
B.
a slow 60-minute jog in the fat-burning zone
C.
a vigorous 30-minute jog in the cardio-zone
D.
a vigorous 60-minute jog in the cardio-zone


15.
Which of the following is not a physiological change that occurs in response to exercise:
A.
increase in blood volume
B.
increased ability of the muscles use to oxygen to generate ATP via anaerobic metabolism
C.
increase in number of mitochondria
D.
increase in the amount of stored glycogen


16.
Which of the following statements regarding the nutrient needs of athletes is false?
A.
athletes should eat a diet providing 45 to 65% total energy from carbohydrate
B.
athletes in endurance sports may benefit from consuming 1.2 to 1.4 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day
C.
athletes should eat a diet providing less than 15% total energy from fat
D.
athletes in strength sports may benefit from consuming 1.6 to 1.7 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day


17.
Similar to iron deficiency anemia, sports anemia impairs the delivery of oxygen to tissues.
A. True
B. False


18.
Which of the following is a goal of a post competition meal?
A.
restore fluid losses and replenish muscle glycogen
B.
maximize fat stores
C.
increase muscle mass
D.
restore fluid losses and replenish muscle triglycerides


19.
Which of the following statements regarding the synthesis of creatine as illustrated in this diagram is false?

A.
increasing creatine intake through supplements increases levels of both muscle creatine and creatine phosphate
B.
increasing creatine intake through supplements increases levels of muscle creatine but not creatine phosphate
C.
creatine phosphate can be converted back into creatine generating ATP
D.
creatine can be synthesized by the liver, kidneys, and pancreas


20.
Which of the following is not one of the main reasons that weight management is easier with the addition of regular exercise?
A.
mood is improved due to the release of endorphins
B.
the thermic effect of food is increased
C.
lean body mass increases over time
D.
people tend to make better food choices when they exercise


21.
Which of the following can be an example of anaerobic activity?
A.
swimming at 60% max heart rate
B.
cycling at 75% max heart rate
C.
walking 4 mph
D.
strength training


22.
Which of the following statements about starting an exercise program is false?
A.
make exercise fun and convenient
B.
check with your doctor before starting a program
C.
aim for 60 minutes of exercise per day 6-7 days a week
D.
exercise with a friend


23.
Which of the following statements about anabolic steroids is false?
A.
anabolic steroids can result in feelings of euphoria
B.
in adolescents use of anabolic steroids causes stunted growth
C.
high levels of synthetic hormone inhibit production of natural testosterone
D.
low levels of natural testosterone leads to shrinkage of the testicles


24.
Which of the following supplements may improve endurance performance?
A.
creatine
B.
caffeine
C.
carnitine
D.
MCT



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