Third Edition of

The Corsini Encyclopedia of
Psychology and Behavioral Science


Contributors


Dr. Norman Abeles
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan

Dr. Rosemary C. Adam-Terem Kapiolani Medical Center
Honolulu, Hawaii

Howard S. Adelman
University of California
Los Angeles, California

Dr. Bernard W. Agranoff
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Dr. Lewis R. Aiken
Pepperdine University
Malibu, California

Dr. Icek Aizen
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, Massachusetts

Dr. Huda Akil
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Dr. George W. Albee
Florida Mental Health Institute

Lynn E. Alden
University of British Columbia

Dr. Theron Alexander
Temple University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mary J. Allen
California State College
Bakersfield, California

Lauren B. Alloy
Temple University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Dr. G. Hugh Allred
Brigham Young University
Provo, Utah

Lyn Y. Abramson
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Dr. Nancy S. Anderson
University of Maryland
College Park, Maryland

Dr. Page Anderson
Emory School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Dr. John L. Andreassi
City University of New York-Baruch College
New York, New York

Dr. Richard S. Andrulis
Andrulis Associates
West Chester, Pennsylvania

Dr. Hymie Anisman
Carleton University
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

H. L. Ansbacher

Dr. Ruben Ardila
National University of Colombia
Bogotá, Colombia

Mark Aronoff
SUNY-Albany

J. William Asher
Purdue University
West Lafayette, Indiana

John A. Astin
University of California
Irvine, California

Dr. Paul B. Baltes
Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Berlin, Germany

Dr. Albert Bandura
Stanford University
Stanford, California

Dr. David H. Barlow
Boston University

Dr. Augustine Barón Jr.
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Daniel Bar-Tal
Tel Aviv University
Tel Aviv, Israel

Dr. S. Howard Bartley
Memphis State University
Memphis, Tennessee

Valentina Bassareo
University of Cagliari
Cagliari, Italy

Brook McClintic Baughan
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado

Dr. Andrew Slater Baum
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Alan A. Baumeister
Louisiana State University

Ramón Bayés Sopena
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
Barcelona, Spain

Steven Beach
University of Georgia
Athens, Georgia

Dr. Aaron T. Beck
Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research
Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania

Dr. Gary S. Belkin
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Dr. Alan S. Bellack
VA Maryland Health Care System

Dr. Thomas S. Bennett
Brain Inquiry Recovery Program
Fort Collins, Colorado

Dr. Joel B. Bennett
Texas Christian University
Fort Worth, Texas

Philip G. Benson
New Mexico State University
Las Cruces, New Mexico

Sheri A. Berenbaum
Southern Illinois University

Sigbjørn Berentsen

Dr. Kathleen Stassen Berger
City University of New York
New York, New York

Dr. Leonard Berger
Clemson University
Clemson, South Carolina

Dr. Gregory S. Berns
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia

Michael D. Berzonsky
State University of New York
Cortland, New York

Dr. Sidney W. Bijou
University of Nevada
Reno, Nevada

Aida Bilalbegovic
Tufts University
Medford, Massachusetts

Dr. Jeffrey R. Binder
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Dr. Jerry M. Binder
Behavioral Health Consultant
Corona Del Mar, California

Niels Birbaumer
University of Tübingen
Tübingen, Germany

Theodore H. Blau

Dr. Milton S. Bloombaum
Southern Oregon University
Ashland, Oregon

Jodi L. Boddy
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada

C. Alan Boneau
George Mason University
Fairfax, Virginia

Dr. Edward S. Bordin
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Dr. Edgar F. Borgatta
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Dr. Prodip Bose
University of Florida College of Medicine

Dr. Dale E. Bowen
Psychological Associates
Grand Junction, Colorado

C. Reginald Brasington
University of South Carolina
Columbia, South Carolina

Dr. Margaret Brenman-Gibson
Harvard Medical School
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Ronald Brenner
St. John's Episcopal Hospital
Far Rockaway, New York

Dr. Marilynn B. Brewer
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Warrick J. Brewer
The University of Melbourne & Mental Health Research Institute of Victoria

Sara K. Bridges
Humboldt State University
Arcata, California

Gilberto N. O. Brito
Instituto Fernandes Figueira
Niteroi, Brazil

Dr. Donald E. Broadbent
University of Oxford
Oxford, England

J. D. Brooke
University of Guelph
Ontario, Canada

Dr. Frederick Gramm Brown
Iowa State University
Ames, Iowa

Dr. Robert Tindall Brown
University of North Carolina
Wilmington, North Carolina

Dr. Sheldon S. Brown
North Shore Community College
Danvers, Massachusetts

Dr. Martin Brüne
Ruhr University
Bochum, Germany

Dr. B. R. Bugelski
State University of New York
Buffalo, New York

Graham D. Burrows
University of Melbourne
Victoria, Australia

James M. Butcher
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Ann B. Butler
George Mason University
Fairfax, Virginia

Rebecca M. Butz
Tulane University
New Orleans, Louisiana

Arthur P. Brief
Tulane University
New Orleans, Louisiana

Shawn P. Cahill
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Dr. John B. Campbell
Franklin & Marshall College
Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Dr. Tyrone D. Cannon
University of California
Los Angeles, California

Dr. Samuel S. Cardone
Illinois Department of Mental Health
Chicago, Illinois

Dr. Bernardo J. Carducci, Ph.D.
Shyness Research Institute
Indiana University Southeast

Dr. Mark C. Carich
Adler School of Professional Psychology
Chicago, Illinois

Peter A. Carich

Dr. John G. Carlson
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii

Dr. J. Douglas Carroll
Rutgers University
Newark, New Jersey

Giovanni Casini
Tuscia University
Viterbo, Italy

Louis G. Castonguay
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania

Carl Andrew Castro
Walter Reed Army Instiute of Research
Heidelberg, Germany

Dr. Fairfid M. Caudle
College of Staten Island
Staten Island, New York

Dr. Joseph R. Cautela
Boston College
Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts

Dr. Albert James Kearney
Behavior Therapy Institute
Sudbury, Massachusetts

Jae-Ho Cha
Seoul National University
Seoul, Korea

Dr. Paul F. Chapman
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Dennis Charney
Yale University

U. Charpa
Cologne University
Koln, Germany

Dr. Gordon J. Chelune
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio

Glyn Chidlow
University of Oxford

Dr. Irvin L. Child
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut

Dr. Margaret M. Clifford
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa

Richard Welton Coan
Retired, University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona

Carl I. Cohen
St. John's Episcopal Hospital
Far Rockaway, New York

Norman J. Cohen

Dr. P. T. Cohen-Kettenis
Utrecht University
Utrecht, The Netherlands

Dr. Gary R. Collins
Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
Deerfield, Illinois

Dr. Mary Beth Connolly
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Gerald Cooke

Dr. Jeremy D. Coplan, M.D.
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Stanley Coren
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Dr. Gerald F. Corey
California State University
Fullerton, California

Dr. John F. Corso
State University of New York
Cortland, New York

Erminio Costa
University of Illinois
Chicago, Illinois

Joseph T. Coyle
Harvard University

Dr. Paul Crits-Christoph
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Dr. Arnold E. Dahlke

Dr. W. Grant Dahlstrom
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Dr. John G. Darley
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Dr. William S. Davidson II
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan

Dr. Gerald C. Davison
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California

Robert M. Davison-Aviles
Bradley University
Peoria, Illinois

Edward L. Deci
University of Rochester
Rochester, New York

Dr. Florence L. Denmark
Pace University
New York, New York

Dr. M. Ray Denny
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan

Dr. Donald R. Denver
Quebec, Montreal, Canada

Norman K. Denzin
University of Illinois
Urbana, Illinois

Sarah E. DeRossett, M.D., Ph.D.
Emory University School of Medicine

Dr. Morton Deutsch
Columbia University Teachers College
New York, New York

Dr. Francine Deutsch
San Diego State University
San Diego, California

David L. DeVries
Kaplan DeVries Institute
Greensboro, North Carolina

Dr. Donald Allen Dewsbury
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Dr. Esther E. Diamond

Milton Diamond
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii

R. Diaz-Guerrero

Manfred Diehl
University of Colorado

Volker Dietz
University Hospital Balgrist
Zurich, Switzerland

Raymond Dingledine
Emory University School of Medicine

John W. Donahoe
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, Massachusetts

Nick Donnelly
University of Southampton
Highfield, Southampton, United Kingdom

Michael G. Dow
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida

Peter W. Dowrick
University of Hawaii
Manoa, Hawaii

Juris G. Draguns
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania

Clifford J. Drew
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

Dr. Philip H. DuBois
Deceased

Dr. Hubert C. J. Duijker
University of Amsterdam
Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Bruce R. Dunn
The University of West Florida
Pensacola, Florida

Dr. M. O. A. Durojaiye
University of Lagos
Lagos, Nigeria

Terry M. Dwyer
University of Mississippi School of Medicine

Barry A. Edelstein
West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia

Dr. Thomas E. Edgar
Idaho State University
Pocatello, Idaho

Dr. William E. Edmonston, Jr.
Colgate University
Hamilton, New York

Howard Eichenbaum
Boston University
Boston, Massachusetts

Dr. Albert Ellis
Albert Ellis Institute
New York, New York

Dr. Norman S. Endler
York University
North York, Ontario, Canada

Dr. Roger E. Enfield

Dr. John William Engel
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii

Franz R. Epting
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Leonard D. Eron, Ph.D.
University of Michigan

Angelica Escalona
Nova Southeastern University
Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Dr. David Richard Evans

Dwight Evans
University of Pennsylvania Health System

Frederick J. Evans

Dr. Robert B. Ewen
Private Practice
Miami, Florida

Dr. Cora E. Ezzell
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina

Dr. Herman Feifel
Veterans Administration Outpatient Clinic
Los Angeles, California

Laurie B. Feldman
State University of New York
Albany, New York

Eva Dreikurs Ferguson
Southern Illinois University
Edwardsville, Illinois

Tiffany M. Field
University of Miami School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

Dr. Frank W. Finger
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

Dr. Harold Kenneth Fink

Dr. Norman J. Finkel
Georgetown University
Washington, D.C.

Chet H. Fischer
Radford University
Radford, Virginia

David A. Fishbain
University of Miami
Miami Beach, Florida

Dr. Dennis F. Fisher
U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory
Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland

Douglas A. Fitts
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Dr. John H. Flavell
Stanford University
Stanford, California

Debra A. Fleischman
Rush-Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

Edna B. Foa
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Dr. James L. Fobes
Army Research Institute for the Behavioral Sciences
Presidio of Monterey, California

Dr. John P. Foreyt
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

Dr. Barbara L. Forisha-Kovach
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Dr. George Fouriezos
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Canada

Raymond D. Fowler
American Psychological Association
Washington, D.C.

Marci Gittes Fox
Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research, Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania

Nathan A. Fox
University of Maryland
College Park, Maryland

Dr. Calvin J. Frederick
University of California
Los Angeles, California

Robert H. Friis
California State University
Long Beach, California

Benjamin Fruchter
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Dr. Isao Fukunishi
Tokyo Institute of Psychiatry
Tokyo, Japan

Paul A. Gade
US Army Research Insitute
Alexandria, Virginia

Sol L. Garfield
Washington University
St. Louis, Missouri

Dr. Steven J. Garlow
Emory School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Mr. Timothy L. Gasperoni
University of California
Los Angeles, California

Dr. Jean S. Gearon
University of Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland

Mark S. George
Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center
Charleston, South Carolina

Dr. Karen M. Gil
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Ms. Rita T. Giubilato
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Dr. William Glasser
The William Glasser Institute
Chatsworth, California

J. M. Glozman
Moscow University
Moscow, Russia

Charles J. Golden
Nova Southeastern University
Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Robert N. Golden, M.D.
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Dr. Arnold P. Goldstein
Syracuse University
Syracuse, New York

Jeffrey L. Goodie
West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia

Dr. G. Ken Goodrick
University of Houston
Houston, Texas

Dr. Leonard D. Goodstein

Bernard S. Gorman
Nassau Community College
Garden City, New York

Gilbert Gottlieb
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Dr. Anthony A. Grace
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Dr. Donald L. Grant

Martin S. Greenberg
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Dr. Shelly F. Greenfield
McLean Hospital
Belmont, Massachusetts

Dr. James Lynn Greenstone
Southwestern Academy of Crisis Interveners
Dallas, Texas

Dr. William Edgar Gregory
University of the Pacific
Stockton, California

Dr. Sebastian P. Grossman
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Dr. Amanda J. Gruber
McLean Hospital
Belmont, Massachusetts

Bernard Guerin
University of Waikato
New Zealand

Dr. Robert M. Guion
Bowling Green State University
Bowling Green, Ohio

Ms. Laura Guli
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

G. Guttmann

Russell A. Haber
University of South Carolina
Columbia, South Carolina

Johana Hadiyono
Gadjah Mada University
Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Dr. Harold V. Hall

Dr. Katherine A. Halmi
Cornell University Medical College
White Plains, New York

Dr. Mark B. Hamner
Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center
Charleston, South Carolina

Gregory R. Hancock
University of Maryland
College Park, Maryland

Forest W. Hansen

Dr. James M. Harper
Brigham Young University
Provo, Utah

Dr. Joseph T. Hart
Kupat Holim Klalit
Tel Aviv, Israel

Alisha B. Hart
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado

E. L. Hartley

Elaine Hatfield
University of Hawaii
Manoa, Hawaii

Robert P. Hawkins
West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia

Stephen N. Hayne
University of Hawaii
Manoa, Hawaii

N. A. Haynie

S. R. Heidemann
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan

Dr. Lynne M. Henderson
The Shyness Institute
Palo Alto, California / Stanford

P. P. Heppner
University of Missouri
Columbia, Missouri

Gregory M. Herek
University of California
Davis, California

Dr. Edwin L. Herr
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania

Allen K. Hess
Auburn University
Auburn, Alabama

Ernest R. Hilgard
Stanford University
Stanford, California

Dr. Ralph E. Hoffman
Yale School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

Dr. Jeanne Swickard Hoffman
Private Practice
Honolulu, Hawaii

Dr. Ronald R. Holden
Queen's University
Kingston, Ontario, Canada

David L. Holmes
The Eden Institute
Princeton, New Jersey

Dr. David Sheridan Holmes
University of Kansas
Lawrence, Kansas

Wayne H. Holtzman
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Arthur C. Houts
University of Memphis
Memphis, Tennessee

Dr. Robert H. Howland
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Bradley E. Huitema
Western Michigan University
Kalamazoo, Michigan

Lloyd G. Humphries
University of Illinois
Champaign, Illinois

Max L. Hutt
Deceased

Dr. James Robert Iberg
Private Practice
Chicago, Illinois

Daniel R. Ilgen
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan

Dr. Kay Redfield Jamison
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Dr. Arthur R. Jensen
University of California
Berkeley, California

Qicheng Jing
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Beijing, China

David W. Johnson
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Dr. James H. Johnson
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Dr. Orval G. Johnson
Centennial BOCES
La Salle, Colorado

Roger T. Johnson
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Dr. Eve S. Jones
Los Angeles City College
Los Angeles, California

Jon H. Kaas
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennesee

Dr. Jerome Kagan
Harvard University
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Robert B. Kaiser
Kaplan DeVries Institute
Greensboro, North Carolina

Dr. James W. Kalat
North Carolina State University
Raleigh, NC

Dr. Barry H. Kantowitz
Battelle Institute
Seattle, Washington

Dr. Richard Paul Kappenberg
Hawaii Professional Psychology Group
Honolulu, Hawaii

Dr. Werner Karle
Private Practice
Corona Del Mar, California

Dr. Florence W. Kaslow
Florida Couples & Family Institute
Palm Beach Gardens, Florida

Dr. Nadine M. Kaslow
Emory School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Dr. Boje Katzenelson
University of Aarhus
Risskov, Denmark

Dr. Alan E. Kazdin
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut

Dr. Terence M. Keane, Ph.D.
Boston University
Boston, Massachusetts

Dr. E. James Kehoe
University of New South Wales
Sydney, Australia

Timothy Keith-Lucas
The University of the South
Sewanee, Tennessee

Sally Keller
Adelphi University
Garden City, New York

Thomas M. Kelley

Dr. Carolin S. Keutzer
University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon

Dr. Gregory A. Kimble
Duke University
Durham, North Carolina

James E. King
University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona

Brenda J. King
University of Tennessee

Dr. Daniel N. Klein
State University of New York
Stony Brook, NY

Dr. Walter G. Klopfer
Deceased

Max J. Kobbert
Hochschule fur Beildende Kunste
Munster, Germany

Dr. Albert T. Kondo
University of Houston
Houston, Texas

Dr. Sheldon J. Korchin
Deceased

Stanley J. Korchin
Deceased

William J. Korotitsch
University of North Carolina
Greensboro, North Carolina

George Kovacs
Dalhousie Univeristy
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Leonard Krasner
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

Dr. David R. Krathwohl
Syracuse University
Syracuse, New York

Dr. Alan G. Kraut
American Psychological Society
Washington, D.C.
Samuel E. Krug
MetriTech, Inc.
Campaign, Illinois

Dr. David J. Kupfer
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Dr. Carol Landau
Brown University Division of Medicine
Providence, Rhode Island

Philippe Landreville
Laval University
Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada

Dr. Ted Landsman
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Christoph J. G. Lang
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Erlangen, Germany

Peter J. Lang
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Keith Langley
University of Strasbourgh
Strasbourg, France

David G. Lavond
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California

Dr. Richard S. Lazarus
University of California
Berkeley, California

Dr. Arnold A. Lazarus
Center for Multimodal Psychological Services
Princeton, New Jersey

Thomas H. Leahey
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia

Richard M. Lerner
Tufts University
Medford, Massachusetts

Dr. Arthur Lerner
Los Angeles City College
Los Angeles, California

Allan Levey
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia

Dr. Harry Levinson
The Levinson Institute
Boston, Massachusetts

Dr. Sharon C. Leviton
Southwestern Academy of Crisis Interveners
Dallas, Texas

Dr. Eugene E. Levitt
Indiana University School of Medicine
Indianapolis, Indiana

P. M. Lewinsohn
Oregon Research Institute
Eugene, Oregon

Ronald T. Ley
State University of New York
Albany, New York

Andre L'hours
World Health Organization
Geneva, Switzerland

Karen Z. H. Li
Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Berlin, Germany

Shu-Chen Li
Max Planck Institute for Human Development
Berlin, Germany

P. E. Lichtenstein

Dr. Carol Schneider Lidz
Touro College
New York, New York

Dr. Scott O. Lilienfeld
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia

Dr. Henry Clay Lindgren
San Francisco State University
San Francisco, California

Dr. Marsha M. Linehan
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Dr. Ronald Lippitt
Deceased

Dr. Mark W. Lipsey
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennesse

John E. Lochman
The University of Alabama
Tuscaloosa, Alabama

John C. Loehlin
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Dr. Jane Loevinger
Washington University
St. Louis, Missouri

Dr. Donald N. Lombardi
Seton Hall University
South Orange, New Jersey

Wolf-Ekkehard Lönnig
Max-Planck-Institut fur Züchtungsforschung
Köln, Germany

Dr. Joseph LoPiccolo, Ph.D.
University of Missouri
Columbia, Missouri

Jeffrey P. Lorberbaum
Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center
Charleston, South Carolina

O. Ivar Lovaas
University of California
Los Angeles, California

Robert E. Lubow
Tel Aviv University
Ramat Aviv, Israel

Dr. Robert W. Lundin

David T. Lykken
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Robin M. Mackar
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, Maryland

Colin M. MacLeod
University of Toronto, Scarborough
Ontario, Canada

S. Madhusoodanan
St. John's Episcopal Hospital
Far Rockaway, New York

Dr. Brendan A. Maher
Harvard University
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Dr. Michael P. Maloney

Dr. Robert C. Marvit

Ronald R. Martin
West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia

Dr. Melvin H. Marx

Dr. Joseph D. Matarazzo
Oregon Health Sciences University
Portland, Oregon

Dr. Barbara B. Mates
City College
New York, New York

Ryan K. May
The University of Memphis
Memphis, Tennessee

Andrew W. Meyers
The University of Memphis
Memphis, Tennessee

Barbara S. McCrady
Rutgers University
Piscataway, New Jersey

Janet L. McDonald
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Dr. James L. McGaugh
University of California
Irvine, California

Jennifer J. McGrath
Bowling Green State University
Bowling Green, Ohio

Dr. William J. McGuire
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut

Dr. Wilbert J. McKeachie
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

John Paul McKinney

Kathleen McKinney

Dr. James H. McMillan
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia

Dr. Neil McNaughton
University of Otago
Dunedin, New Zealand

Janice McPhee
Florida Gulf Coast University
Fort Myers, Florida

Paul W. McReynolds
University of Nevada
Reno, Nevada

Dr. Paul E. Meehl
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Ms. Heather Meggers
University of Missouri
Columbia, Missouri

Dr. Richard Meili
University of Bern
Bern, Switzerland

Dr. Ronald Melzack
McGill University
Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Dr. Cindy M. Meston
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Andrew W. Meyers
The University of Memphis
Memphis, Tennessee

Dr. Stanley Milgram
Deceased

Dr. Neal Elgar Miller
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut

Ralph R. Miller
State University of New York
Binghamton, New York

Mark W. Miller
Boston University
Boston, Massachusetts

Dr. Theodore Millon
University of Miami
Coral Gables, Florida

Dr. Henryk Misiak
Fordham University
New York, New York

Dr. Akira Miyake
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado

Dr. Tae-Im Moon

Mr. Stewart Moore
University of Windsor
Windsor, Ontario, Canada

James A. Morone
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Daniel G. Morrow
University of New Hampshire
Durham, New Hampshire

R. Murison
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Frank B. Murray
University of Delaware
Newark, Delaware

Dr. Anne Myers
St. Jerome Convent
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Dr. Shigetada Nakanishi
Kyoto University
Kyoto, Japan

Michael R. Nash
University of Tennessee

Dr. Peter E. Nathan
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa

Robert A. Neimeyer
University of Memphis
Memphis, Tennessee

A. Nelson

Rosemery O. Nelson-Gray
UNC-Greensboro

Dr. Eric J. Nestler
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut

Cory F. Newman
University of Pennsylvania
University Park, Pennsylvania

Dr. David G. Nickinovich
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Dr. Philip T. Ninan
Emory School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Trevor R. Norman
University of Melbourne
Victoria, Australia

William H. O'Brien
Bowling Green State University
Bowling Green, Ohio

Dr. Walter Edward O'Connell
Natural High Center
Bastrop, Texas

William T. O'Donohue
University of Nevada
Reno, Nevada

Marlene Oscar-Berman

Patrick McNamara

Dr. Thomas M. Ostrom
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

J. Bruce Overmier
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Daniel J. Ozer
University of California
Riverside, California

Dr. Karel Pacak
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, Maryland

Dr. Edward L. Palmer
Davidson College, Davidson
North Carolina

David C. Palmer
Smith College
Northampton, Massachusetts

Loren D. Pankratz
Oregon Health Sciences University
Portland, Oregon

William M. Pardridge
University of California School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

Alan J. Parkin
University of Sussex
Brighton, England

Dr. H. McIlvanie Parsons
Human Resources Research Organization
Alexandria, Virginia

Dr. Gordon Lee Paul
University of Houston
Houston, Texas

Paul Pauli
University of Tübingen
Tübingen, Germany

Dr. Paul Pedersen
University of Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama

Barbara J. Peet
American Psychological Association
Washington, D.C.

Tamara M. Penix
University of Nevada
Reno, Nevada

Dr. Harold Brenner Pepinsky
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Donald R. Peterson
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Christopher Peterson
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Dr. Anne C. Peterson
W. K. Kellogg Foundation
Battle Creek, Michigan

Dr. Charles S. Peyser
The University of the South
Sewanee, Tennessee

Dr. E. Jerry Phares
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas

D. Philip
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Jessica M. Pierce
Boston University
Boston, Massachusetts

Aaron L. Pincus
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania

Dr. Luigi Pizzamiglio
Universita Degli Studie di Roma
Rome, Italy

Dr. H. G. Pope, Jr.
McLean Hospital
Belmont, Massachusetts

Robert M. Post
National Institutes of Mental Health
Bethesda, Maryland

Bruno Poucet
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Marseille, France

Anthony R. Pratkanis
University of California
Santa Cruz, California

Dr. Ann B. Pratt
Capital University
Columbus, Ohio

Dr. Robert Alan Prentky
Justice Resource Institute
Bridgewater, Massachusetts

Dr. Karl H Pribram
Radford University
Radford, Virginia

Aina Puce
Swinburne University of Technology
Hawthorn, Australia

Dr. Herbert C. Quay

Dr. Karen S. Quigley
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania

Dr. Albert Israel Rabin
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan

M. K. Raina
Sri Aurobindo Marg
New Delhi, India

Dr. K. Ramakrishna Rao
Duke University
Durham, North Carolina

Dr. Mark D. Rapport
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii

Richard L. Rapson
University of Hawaii
Manoa, Hawaii

Nathaniel J. Raskin
Northwestern University Medical School
Glencoe, Illinois

Herb Reich

Anthony H. Reinhardt-Rutland
University of Ulster at Jordanstown

Dr. Daniel Reisberg
Reed College
Portland, Oregon

Dr. Maurice Reuchlin
Institute Nationale d'Orientation Professionelle
Paris, France

Mary E. Reuder

Dr. Cecil R. Reynolds
Texas A&M University
College Station, Texas

Dr. George F. Rhoades, Jr.
Ola Hou Clinic
Aiea, Hawaii

Alexander Rich
University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida

Dr. David C. S. Richard
Southwest Missouri State University
Springfield, Missouri

Edward J. Rickert
University of Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama

Dr. Arthur J. Riopelle
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Ms. Christie Rizzo
New York State Psychiatric Institute
New York, New York

Dr. Donald Robbins
Fordham University
New York, New York

Dr. Gary Jerome Robertson
Wide Range, Inc.
Tampa, Florida

George H. Robinson
University of North Alabama
Florence, Alabama

Ronald Roesch
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada

Michael J. Rohrbaugh
University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona

Dr. Steven Paul Roose
Columbia University
New York, New York

Robert Rosenthal
University of California
Riverside, California

Saul Rosenzweig
Washington University
St. Louis, Missouri

Dr. Helen Warren Ross
San Diego State University
San Diego, California

William H. Ross
University of Wisconsin
La Crosse, Wisconsin

Donald K. Routh
University of Miami
Coral Gables, Florida

Dr. Peter Roy-Byrne
Harborview Medical Center
Seattle, Washington

Mark A. Ruiz
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania

Dr. Roger Wolcott Russell
University of California
Irvine, California

Deborah Sadowski
Tufts University
Medford, Massachusetts

W. S. Sahakian

William C. Sanderson
Rutgers University
Piscataway, New Jersey

Jerome Sanes
Scientific Institute of Foundation Santa Lucia
Rome, Italy
&
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Lawrence J. Sanna
Washington State University
Pullman, Washington

Craig Santerre
University of California
Irvine, California

Dr. John Wynne Santrock
University of Texas-Dallas
Richardson, Texas

Dr. Robert Sapolsky
Stanford University
Stanford, California

Dr. Edward P. Sarafino
The College of New Jersey
Ewing, New Jersey

Dr. William Irvin Sauser, Jr.
Auburn University
Auburn Alabama

Dr. Alice D. Scheuer
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii

Dr. Klaus Schmidtke
University of Frieberg
Freiburg, Germany

Dr. David A. Schuldberg
University of Montana
Missoula, Montana

Alexander Julian Schut
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, Pennsylvania

Dr. Julie B. Schweitzer
Emory School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Dr. Martin E. P. Seligman
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Dr. Saul B. Sells
Texas Christian University
Fort Worth, Texas

James C. Shanteau
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas

Deane H. Shapiro, Jr.
University of California
Irvine, California

Dr. Kenneth Joel Shapiro
Psychologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
Washington Grove, Maryland

Shauna L. Shapiro
University of California
Irvine, California

Dr. Robert A. Shaw
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

Dr. Steven D. Sherrets
Maine Head Trauma Center
Bangor, Maine

Dr. Edwin S. Shneidman
University of California School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

Varda Shoham
University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona

Dr. Bernard H. Shulman
Northwestern University Medical School
Chicago, Illinois

Elsa M. Siipola
Smith College
Northampton, Massachusetts

Alcino J. Silva
University of California
Los Angeles, California

Hirsch Lazaar Silverman

Louise Silvern
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado

Herbert A. Simon
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Dr. Alan Simpkins
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii

Dr. M. Brewster Smith
University of California
Santa Cruz, California

Dr. William Paul Smith
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee

Dawn Sommer
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Subhash R. Sonnad
Western Michigan University
Kalamazoo, Michigan

Dr. Peter W. Sorensen
University of Minnesota
St. Paul, Minnesota

Dr. Janet Taylor Spence
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

D. S. Spetter

Dr. Robert P. Sprafkin
Veterans Administration Medical Center
Syracuse, New York

Dr. Larry R. Squire
University of California-San Diego
La Jolla, Calfornia

Kevin D. Stark
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Stephen Stark
University of Illinois
Champaign, Illinois

Timothy A. Steenbergh
The University of Memphis
Memphis, Tennessee

Dr. Robert A. Steer
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Stratford, New Jersey

Dr. Robert M. Stelmack
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Canada

Dr. Robert H. Stensrud
University of Northern Iowa
Cedar Falls, Iowa

R. J. Sternberg
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut

Gerald L. Stone
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa

Dr. Hugh A. Storrow
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky

Dr. Ezra Stotland
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

George Stricker
Adelphi University
Garden City, New York

Dr. Richard B. Stuart
Weight Watchers International
Manhasset, New York

D. I. Suchman
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Dr. Arthur M. Sullivan
Memorial University
St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada

Dr. Norman D. Sundberg
University of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon

J. T. Super

Susan Swearer
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Dr. Cynthia Cupit Swenson, Ph.D.
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina

Dr. Roger N. Walsh
University of California College of Medicine
Irvine, California

Robert J. Sutherland
University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico

Dr. Julian I. Taber
Veterans Administration Medical Center
Reno, Nevada

Ana Taboada

Jamie L. Metsala

Dr. Yasumasa Tanaka
Gakushuin University
Tokyo, Japan

James T. Tedeschi
State University of New York
Albany, New York

Dr. Alexander Thomas
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York

Dr. Richard F. Thompson
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California

Dr. Beverly E. Thorn
University of Alabama
Tuscaloosa, Alabama

B. Michael Thorne
Mississippi State University
Mississippi State, Mississippi

Dr. David F. Tolin
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Dr. Eleanor Reardon Tolson
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

Dr. Joe Tomaka
University of Texas
El Paso, Texas

Dr. Louis G. Tornatzky
National Science Foundation
Washington, D.C.

Daniel Tranel
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa

Dr. Frederick Travis
Maharishi University of Management
Fairfield, Iowa

Dr. William T. Tsushima
Straub Clinic and Hospital, Inc.
Honolulu, Hawaii

Dr. Leonard P. Ullmann
Retired
Incline Valley, Nevada

Elling Ulvestad

Dr. Rhoda Kesler Unger
Montclair State College
Upper Montclair, New Jersey

Dr. Susana Patricia Urbina
University of Northern Florida
Jacksonville, Florida

T. Bedirhan Üstün
World Health Organization
Geneva, Switzerland

P. Valderrama-Iturbe

Kirsten M. VanMeenan
University of Maryland
College Park, Maryland

Dr. Anthony J. Vattano
University of Illinois
Champaign, Illinois

Dr. Frances E. Vaughan
California Institute of Transpersonal Psychology
Menlo Park, California

P. E. Vernon

N. J. Wade
University of Dundee
Dundee, Scotland

Dr. Rex Alvon Wadham
Brigham Young University
Provo, Utah

Dr. Richard D. Walk
George Washington University
Washington, D.C.

Dr. Clarence Eugene Walker
Psychological Consultants, Inc.
Edmond, Oklahoma

Arlene S. Walker-Andrews
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Dr. Patricia M. Wallace
University of Maryland
College Park, Maryland

Roger N. Walsh
University of California College of Medicine
Irvine, California

Dr. Zhong-Ming Wang
Zhejiang University
Hangzou, China

Dr. Wilse B. Webb
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

Joel Lee Weinberger
Adelphi University
Garden City, New York

Dr. Myrna M. Weissman
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
New York, New York

Arnold D. Well
University of Massachusetts
Amherst, Massachusetts

Michael Wertheimer
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado

Donald L. Wertlieb
Tufts University
Medford, Massachusetts

Dr. Dante S. Spetter, Ph.D.
New England Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

Dr. Jerry F. Westermeyer
Adler School of Professional Psychology
Chicago, Illinois

Dr. Ian Q. Whishaw
University of Lethbridge
Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada

Mark A. Whisman
University of Colorado
Boulder, Colorado

Erika Wick
St. John's University
New York, New York

Dr. Delos N. Wickens
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

Dr. Torsten Wiesel
The Rockefeller University
New York, NY

Dr. Richard E. Wilcox
University of Texas
Austin, Texas

Dr. Sabine Wilhelm
Massachusetts General Hospital
Charlestown, Massachusetts

Douglas A. Williams
University of Winnipeg
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Dr. Richard H. Willis
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Dr. Michael L. Woodruff
East Tennessee State University
Johnson City, Tennessee

T. E. Woods
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine
Madison, Wisconsin

Margaret P. Woods
Queen Margaret University College
Edinburgh, Scotland

Robert L. Woolfolk
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Tristam D. Wyatt
University of Minnesota
St. Paul, Minnesota

O. L. Zangwill

Johannes M. Zanker
The Australian National University
Canberra, Australia

Dr. Daniel J. Ziegler
Villanova University
Villanova, Pennsylvania

Dr. Edward Zigler
Yale University
New Haven, Connecticut

Dr. Philip G. Zimbardo, Ph.D.
Stanford University
Stanford, California

Dr. Charles F. Zorumski
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri