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Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology
Fourth Edition
(27-Volume Set)

Executive Editor: Jacqueline I. Kroschwitz
Editor: Mary Howe-Grant


  • Main Page for this Work
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    From the Reviews | Description | Introduction to the Fourth Edition | Preface



  • Available Online
    Kirk-Othmer Online

    From the Reviews

    "No library claiming to be a useful resource for chemical engineering professionals should be without it"
    —Chemical Engineering

    "...the most indispensable reference in the English language of all aspects of chemical technology...this edition has met its mission to provide updated articles, and to include new subjects...This is still the best reference of its kind in the English language, and the starting point for many intellectual journeys."
    —Chemical and Engineering News


    Description

    An unrivaled library of information for the chemical industry. Featuring over 27,000 pages and 800 articles, this 27-volume encyclopedia is now complete and includes: CAS registry numbers, over 5,000 photos, charts, graphs, figures and tables, in-depth up to-date information on regulations, patents and licensing.

    In addition to updating traditional subjects, the Fourth Edition will include expanded coverage of biotechnology, materials science, computer technology, energy sources and conversion techniques, and environmental issues such as pollution control, toxicology, and recycling technology. The Fourth Edition will bring together over 1000 articles by recognized experts in their areas of chemical technology, and will deal with industrial products, natural materials, and processes in such fields as: agricultural chemicals, chemical engineering, coatings and inks, composite materials, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, dyes, pigments and brighteners, ecology and industrial hygiene, energy conservation and technology, fats and waxes, fermentation and enzyme technology, fibers, textiles and leather, food and animal nutrition, fossil fuels and derivatives, glass, ceramics and cement, industrial inorganic chemicals, industrial organic chemicals, metals, metallurgy and metal alloys, plastics and elastomers, semiconductors and electronic materials, surfactants, detergents and emulsion technology, water supply, purification and reuse, wood, paper, and industrial carbohydrates.

    The Encyclopedia also includes miscellaneous topics such as:

    • instrumentation and quality control
    • information retrieval
    • maintenance
    • market research
    • material allocation and supply
    • legal issues
    • process development and design
    • product development and technical service
    • research and operations management
    • (systems management, networks, etc.)
    • transportation of chemical products


    Introduction to the Fourth Edition

    The main subject of the Encyclopedia is chemical technology, and about one-half of all the articles deal with the chemical substances, either single substances, such as Sulfuric acid, or groups of substances, such as Aluminum compounds. There are also articles on industrial processes, such as Alkylation; on uses, such as Abrasives; Adhesives; on pharmaceuticals, dyes, fibers; on foods and other human uses, such as Cosmetics. There are articles on the unit operations and unit processes of chemical engineering; on fundamentals, such as Absorption; Mass transfer; and on scientific and technological subjects, such as Catalysis, Color, Electrochemical processing, Magnetic materials, and Ultrasonics. Still other articles deal with such general subjects as Computer technology, Information retrieval, Patents, Regulatory agencies, Technical service, and Transportation.

    In general, the properties and manufacture of any substance are given in one article, which makes cross reference to one or more articles where the uses of that substance are described. Thus the manufacture of fused alumina is described under Aluminum compounds, but for its uses the reader will be directed to such articles as Abrasives and Refractories.

    For inorganic compounds, in some cases it is the anion, in others the cation that has the greater industrial significance. Thus calcium phosphate, sodium phosphate, and ammonium phosphate are important primarily as phosphates and are discussed under Phosphoric acid and phosphates. Similarly, chromates and borates are under Chromium compounds and Boron compounds, respectively, and salts of organic acids )except acetates and formates) are discussed with the acids. On the other hand, barium chloride, barium nitrate, and barium sulfate would be thought of together and are therefore described in Barium compounds. In general, compounds of the following anions are dealt with in articles such as Aluminum bromides, and iodides (under halides); nitrates; nitrites; oxides (including hydroxides and oxygen acids and their salts, but excluding true peroxides); sulfates;sulfites; and sulfides. The organic compounds of a metal, containing a metal-to-carbon bond, are also discussed with the compounds of that metal or under Organometallics. However, fluorine, in its industrial applications, is so different from the other halogens that the metallic fluorides are usually grouped together under Fluorine compounds, inorganic.

    Organic compounds containing fluorine (with or without other halogens) are discussed under Fluorine compounds, organic. There are also articles on Bromine compounds and Iodine compounds. Chlorine is treated somewhat differently. The article Chlorocarbons and chlorohydrocarbons covers a large number of industrially important compounds; compounds containing other elements as well as carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine are sometimes grouped together (as, Chlorophenol; Chlorohydrins), sometimes treated as derivatives under a parent compound (thus chloroanilines appear as derivatives under Amines, aromatic, aniline).

    In general, the treatment of a compound will be found either under its own name, or under a group of substances (for example, ethyl acetate under Esters, organic), or as a derivative under a parent compounds (for example, ethyl acrylate under Acrylic acid and derivatives). The cross references provided will, it is hoped, in almost all cases direct the reader to the appropriate part of the Encyclopedia.

    —The Editors


    From the Reviews | Description | Introduction to the Fourth Edition | Preface


  • Main Page for this Work
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Contributors


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