Theories of Industrial Relations

1. The earliest example of unionism in North America is the:
A.mine workers' union in the eighteenth century.
B.metal workers' guild in the eighteenth century.
C.pottery guilds of the seventeenth century.
D.woodworkers' guild in the sixteenth century.


2. Which of the following was not a function of early craft guilds?
A.Providing income replacement payment for injured members.
B.Ensuring an adequate supply of trained practitioners of the craft.
C.Providing educational services for their members.
D.Encouraging price competition for their members' products.


3. The Industrial Revolution brought mechanization to the production process and also:
A.reduced the demand for skilled workers.
B.increased the demand for skilled workers.
C.increased the price of land where factories were established.
D.decreased the price of raw materials.


4. What was the major reason for unionization during the Industrial Revolution?
A.The increase in workers' skill levels.
B.The increase in the number of child labourers.
C.The adverse working conditions.
D.The decrease in job satisfaction.


5. According to Sidney and Beatrice Webb, the purpose of unions is to serve workers' interest:
A.regardless of whether they are union members.
B.only in the workplace.
C.on the national level.
D.on the international level.


6. According to Selig Perlman, in order to represent workers effectively, unions must:
A.control the means of production.
B.lobby governments to enact legislation to improve their working conditions.
C.form and administer a system similar to unemployment insurance.
D.enlist the support of the middle class.


7. Who proposed that unions should focus on creating economic security and opportunity for their members?
A.Karl Marx.
B.Sidney and Beatrice Webb.
C.Selig Perlman.
D.John Commons.


8. Who identified the development of competitive markets as a driving force behind the emergence of unions?
A.John Commons.
B.Sidney and Beatrice Webb.
C.Selig Perlman.
D.Robert Hoxie.


9. Who identified four "functional types" of unionism?
A.Selig Perlman.
B.Robert Hoxie.
C.John Commons.
D.E. Wight Bakke.


10. Who stated that workers' main reason for joining unions was to reduce their frustration and anxiety in the workplace and to improve their opportunity to achieve specific "standards of successful living"?
A.Selig Perlman.
B.Robert Hoxie.
C.John Dunlop.
D.E. Wight Bakke.


11. In John Dunlop's "systems" theory of industrial relations, the three actors are:
A.unions, management, and customers.
B.industry, government, and unions.
C.unions, management, and government.
D.business, government, and unions.


12. The notion that unions will need to have a larger purpose than control of the workplace if they are to survive, was attributed to:
A.John Dunlop and E. Wight Bakke.
B.Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
C.Sidney and Beatrice Webb.
D.John Commons.


13. According to Kochan, McKersie and Cappelli, the employer's role in industrial relations is:
A.to react to unions.
B.to actively try to manage the relationship with unions.
C.to be indifferent to unions.
D.none of the above.


14. The finding that Canadian employers have not engaged in the kind of extreme anti-union activity practised by some U.S. employers was presented by:
A.Kochan, McKersie and Cappelli.
B.John Dunlop and E. Wight Bakke.
C.John Commons.
D.Richard Chaykowski and Anil Verma.


15. Recent trends affecting Canadian industrial relations include:
A.a shift towards the unionization of service-based industries.
B.a shift towards the unionization of the high-tech industry.
C.a shift towards the unionization of the mining industry.
D.a shift towards the unionization of educational institutions.



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