Study Skills Chart

 

Aural

INTAKE: TO TAKE IN

THE INFORMATION

TO MAKE A

STUDY PACKAGE

OUTPUT:

TO DO WELL ON EXAMS

  • Attend lectures and tutorials.
  • Discuss topics with students and instructors.

  • Explain new ideas to other people.

  • Use a tape recorder.

  • Leave spaces in your lecture notes for later recall.
  • Describe overheads, pictures, and visuals to somebody who was not in class.

You may take poor notes because you prefer to listen. Therefore:

  • Expand your notes by talking with others and with information from your textbook.
  • Tape record summarized notes and listen.
  • Read summarized notes out loud.
  • Explain your notes to another "aural" person.

 

  • Talk with the instructor.
  • Spend time in quiet places recalling the ideas.
  • Practice writing answers to old exam questions.
  • Say your answers out loud.

 

Kinesthetic

INTAKE: TO TAKE IN

THE INFORMATION

TO MAKE A

STUDY PACKAGE

OUTPUT:

TO DO WELL ON EXAMS

  • Use all your senses.
  • Go to labs, take field trips.
  • Listen to real-life examples.
  • Pay attention to applications.
  • Use hands-on approaches.
  • Use trial-and-error methods.

You may take poor notes because topics do not seem concrete or relevant. Therefore:

  • Put examples in your summaries.
  • Use case studies and applications to help with principles and abstract concepts.
  • Talk about your notes with another "kinesthetic" person.
  • Use pictures and photographs that illustrate an idea.

 

  • Write practice answers.
  • Role-play the exam situation.

 

 

 

Reading/Writing

INTAKE: TO TAKE IN

THE INFORMATION

TO MAKE A

STUDY PACKAGE

OUTPUT:

TO DO WELL ON EXAMS

  • Use lists and headings.
  • Use dictionaries, glossaries, and definitions.
  • Read handouts, textbooks, and supplementary library readings.
  • Use lecture notes.
  • Write out words again and again.
  • Reread notes silently.
  • Rewrite ideas and principles into other words.
  • Turn charts, diagrams, and other illustrations into statements.
  • Write exam answers.
  • Practice with multiple-choice questions.
  • Write paragraphs, beginnings and endings.
  • Write your lists in outline form.
  • Arrange your words into hierarchies and points.

 

 

Visual

INTAKE: TO TAKE IN

THE INFORMATION

TO MAKE A

STUDY PACKAGE

OUTPUT:

TO DO WELL ON EXAMS

  • Pay close attention to charts, drawings, and handouts your instructor uses.
  • Underline.
  • Use different colors.
  • Use symbols, flow charts, graphs, different arrangements on the page, white space.

Convert your lecture notes into "page pictures." To do this:

  • Use the "Intake" strategies.
  • Reconstruct images in different ways.
  • Redraw pages from memory.
  • Replace words with symbols and initials.
  • Look at your pages.

 

  • Recall your "page pictures."
  • Draw diagrams where appropriate.
  • Practice turning your visuals back into words.