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Composition, Structure and Dynamics of the Lithosphere-Asthenosphere System

Composition, Structure and Dynamics of the Lithosphere-Asthenosphere System

K. Fuchs (Editor), C. Froidevaux (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-67041-5 April 2013 American Geophysical Union 327 Pages



Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geodynamics Series, Volume 16.

This volume is devoted to recent advances in investigating the Earth's crustal and mantle structure, its composition and dynamics. Many of the papers reflect the debate organized by the International Lithosphere Program (ILP) during the Moscow International Geological Congress (1980). Others stem from discussions within one working group (WG-9) and one coordinating committee (CC-5) of ILP.

Raymond A. Price ix

Claude Froidevaux and Karl Fuchs xi

A New Era in Understanding the Continental Basement; the Impact of Seismic Reflection Profiling
Ernest C. Hauser and Jack E. Oliver I

The Lower Crust of the Continents
J.A. Percival and M. J. Berry 33

Rheology of the Oceanic and Continental Lithosphere
D.L. Turcotte 61

Estimation of Crustal Viscosities and Shear Stresses From an Extrapolation of Experimental Steady State Flow Data
Jurgen Strehlau and Rolf Meissner 69

Global Mapping of the Uppermantle by Surface Wave Tomography
Don L. Anderson 89

Global Digital Seismographic Network: Research Opportunities and Recent Initiatives
Barbara A. Romanowicz and Adam M. Dztewonski 99

Formation of Anisotropy in Upper Mantle Peridotites--A Review Adolphe
Nicolas and Nikolas I. Christensen 111

Surface Plate Kinematics and Mantle Convection
A.M. Forte and W. R. Peltier 125

Exploring Heterogeneities of the Continental Mantle by High Resolution Seismic
Experiments K. Fuchs, L. P. Vinnik, and C. Prodehl 137

Upper Mantle Metasomatism: Chemical and Physical Consequences
J.B. Dawson 155

Mantle Xenoliths and Continental Lithosphere Composition
N.V. Sobolev 161

The Geochemistry of Magmatic Rocks and Paleodynamic Reconstructions
Mikhail Kuzmin, Alexandr Al'mukhamedov, and Gennady Anoshin 165

The Forces Driving Plate Motions and Compression of the Crust in Fold Belts
E. V. Artyushkov 175

Dynamical Extension of the Lithe, sphere During Rifting: Some Numerical Model Results
C. E. Keen 189

Spherical Shell Tectonics and the Evolution of Subduction Zones
Koshun Yamaoka, Yoshio Fuako, and Mineo Kumazawa 205

Interim Report on Electromagnetic Lithosphere-Asthenosphere Soundings (ELAS) to Coordinating
Committee No. 5 of the International Lithosphere Programme
D. Ian Gough (Editor) 219

Structural Model of the Subcrustal Lithosphere in Central Europe
V. Babuska, J. Plomerovera, J. Sileny  239

The European Geotraverse (EGT) Project: A Progress Report
Daniel A. Galson and Stephan Mueller 253

Deep Seismic Sounding on Long Range Profiles in the Atlantic Ocean
S.M. Zverev and G. A. Yaroshevskay 273

The Geology of Ocean Floor Kenneth
J. Hsu 291

Isostasy in the USSR I: Admittance Data
M.G. Kogan and M. K. McNutt 301

Isostasy in the USSR II: Interpretation of Admittance Data
M.K. McNutt and M. G. Kogan 309