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Paradoxes of Segregation: Housing Systems, Welfare Regimes and Ethnic Residential Change in Southern European Cities




Paradoxes of Segregation: Housing Systems, Welfare Regimes and Ethnic Residential Change in Southern European Cities

Sonia Arbaci

ISBN: 978-1-118-86738-9 February 2019 Wiley-Blackwell 392 Pages



Through an international comparative research, this unique book examines ethnic residential segregation patterns in relation to the wider society and mechanisms of social division of space in Western European regions.

  • Focuses on eight Southern European cities, develops new metaphors and furthers the theorisation/conceptualisation of segregation in Europe
  • Re-centres the segregation debate on the causes of marginalisation and inequality, and the role of the state in these processes
  • A pioneering analysis of which and how systemic mechanisms, contextual conditions, processes and changes drive patterns of ethnic segregation and forms of socio-ethnic differentiation
  • Develops an innovative inter-disciplinary approach which explores ethnic patterns in relation to European welfare regimes, housing systems, immigration waves, and labour systems

List of Figures viii

Series Editors’ Preface xiii

Preface xiv

1 Introduction 1

Paradoxes of Segregation? 2

Recentring the Debate on the Production of Urban Inequality 5

The Value of the (European) Periphery 12

Structure of the Book 13

Notes 18

2 Theorising Segregation from Europe 21

Reconceptualising Segregation: Societal Transformations and the Transatlantic Debate 24

Southern Europe … a View from the Periphery 47

Framework for the Book 54

Notes 60

3 Welfare Regimes and National Housing Systems in Europe 63

Welfare Clusters and Segregation 65

Linking Welfare Regimes and Housing Systems: Principles of Stratification and Mechanisms of Differentiation 70

How Mechanisms of Differentiation Inform the Social and Spatial Dimensions of Segregation: Land Supply, Tenure and Provision 81

Conclusion 90

Notes 92

4 International Migration Turnaround 95

Models, Frameworks and Theories in Migration Studies: Towards a Social Transformation Perspective 97

The (Southern) European Migration Turnaround 100

Mapping Flows and Waves: A Divergence Perspective on Southern Europe 109

Conclusion 123

Notes 124

5 Societal and Urban Contexts in (Southern) Europe 127

Patterns of Segregation: A Southern European Model? 131

Mechanisms of Differentiation: Urban Segregation in the Wider Societal Context 136

Mechanisms of Ethnic Residential Marginalisation: From Systemic Arrangements to Local Urban Political Agendas 141

Conclusion 147

Notes 149

6 A Mosaic of Ethnic Segregation Patterns: Southern European Cities in the 1990s 151

Mapping Ethnic Segregation 152

Socio‐Spatial Distribution of the Native Population: A Contextual Legacy 172

Contrasting Ethnic and Social Residential Patterns 186

Conclusion 193

Note 194

7 Mechanisms of Differentiation: The Role of Local Housing Systems up to the 1990s 195

Housing Tenure Perspectives to Understand Inequalities 196

Mechanisms of Socio‐Tenurial and Socio‐Spatial Differentiation 200

Conclusion 221

Notes 224

8 Changing Urban Societies: New Mechanisms of Differentiation from the 1990s 225

Changing Housing Systems: Path–Dependency and Systemic Shifts 227

Growing Homeowning Cities: New Mechanisms of Differentiation, Residential Marginalisation and Diffuse Segregation 243

Conclusion 258

Notes 260

9 The Urban Diaspora: The Paradox of (De)Segregation 262

Widening Ethnic Residential Marginalisation and Socio‐Tenurial Differentiation 263

Diffusing Ethnic Segregation: An Indicator of Exclusion 278

Conclusion 298

10 Towards a Systemic Understanding of (Ethnic) Residential Segregation 300

Redistribution, Distinctiveness … and Housing Systems 301

Looking Ahead: Emerging Processes and Challenges 309

It’s the State, Stupid 312

References 315

Index 354

Paradoxes of Segregation scrutinises urban segregation landscapes in Southern Europe. It unpacks the dynamic and complex – sometimes non-linear – relations between social inequalities and spatial segregation and the various ways in which these are approached and conceptualised. The book adds to our understanding of (ethnic) segregation by comprehensively discussing the important and distinctive effects of local, regional, and institutional context specificities. A must-read for all who are interested in segregation.’
Sako Musterd, Professor of Urban Geography, University of Amsterdam 

‘This book is a major contribution to the literature because it draws attention to a large region that is understudied in terms of segregation. The book clearly demonstrates, against common wisdom, that relatively low levels of segregation for disadvantaged groups may coexist with their extreme deprivation. A must-read for anyone interested in segregation issues.’
Thomas Maloutas, Professor of Social Geography, Harokopio University, Greece