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Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records

Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records

P. K. Swart (Editor), K. C. Lohmann (Editor), J. McKenzie (Editor), S. Savin (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66402-5 April 2013 American Geophysical Union 374 Pages

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 78.

This volume is designed to provide paleoclimatologists with information on past climate from sources other than the deep sea. For climate modelers aware of the fact that current global climate models do not always accurately predict the temperatures of continental interiors, the analyses presented here may offer much needed constraints on their models. Because analysis of the oxygen and carbon isotopic composition of benthic and planktonic foraminifera has provided the basis for most of the work done on climatic variation, our interpretation has been biased by records from the marine environment and does not provide an adequate indication of the temperature of continental interiors. Our eventual aim is to stimulate geologists, geochemists, and others to collect data on continental isotopic indicators of climate (CIICs) throughout the world, perhaps concentrating on certain geological intervals. In fact, a global continental climate program, styled after an earlier program which studied climate in the marine realm (CLIMAP), has been proposed. With such data it may eventually be possible to construct paleo maps of surface temperature and/or the oxygen isotopic composition of precipitation during specific time periods. One suitable time period, for example, would be the Cretaceous. In this case further information may be gleaned on controversies such as whether the polar regions were in fact warm at this time or whether temperature gradients similar to today's were present.

P. K. Swart ix

P. K. Swart, J. McKenzie, and K. C. Lohmann xi

1 Isotopic Patterns in Modern Global Precipitation
K. Rozanski, L. Aragucis-Araguas, and R. Gonjiantini 1

2 Interpreting Continental Oxygen Isotope Records
P. M. Grootes 37

3 Constraining Estimates of Evapotranspiration with Hydrogen Isotopes in a Seasonal Orographic Model
N. L. Zngraham and R. G. Craig 47

4 Isotopic Indicators of Climate in Ice Cores, Wind River Range, Wyoming
D. L. Naftz, R. L. Michel, and K. A. Miller 55

5 Influence of Climate on the Formation and Isotopic Composition of Calcretes
V. Rossinsky, Jr. and P. K. Swart 67

6 Early Mississippian Climate Change: Isotopic Evidence from Meteoric Calcite
T. M. Smith and S. L. Dorobek 77

7 Principles and Applications of the Noble Gas Paleothermometer
M. Stute and P. Schlosser 89

8 Oxygen-Isotope Record in Recent Carbonate Sediments from Lake Greifen, Switzerland (175G1986): Application of Continental Isotopic Indicator for Evaluation of Changes in Climate and Atmospheric Circulation Patterns
J. A. McKenzie and D. J. Hollander 101

9 Coupled Stable-Isotope and Trace-Element Measurements of Lacustrine Carbonates as Paleoclhnatic Indicators
A. R. Chivas, P. De Deckker, J. A. Cali, A. Chapman, E. Kiss, and J. M. G. Shelley 113

10 Carbon and Oxygen Isotopes in African Lacustrine Stromatolites: Palaeohydrological Interpretation
J. Casanova and C. Hillaire-Marcel 123

11 An Isotopic and Trace Element Study of Ostracods from Lake Mioane, Haiti:
A 10,500 Year Record of Paleosalinity and Paleotemperature Changes in the Caribbean
J. H. Curtis and D. A. Hodell 135

12 Seasonal Change In Paleogene Surface Water Fil'O: Fresh-Water Bivalves of Western North America
D. L. Dettman and K. C. Lohmann 153

13 Late Pleistocene Climate in the Central American Lowlands
B. W. Leyden, M. Brenner, D. A. Hodell, and J. H. Curtis 165

14 Comparative Paleacliitic Interpretations from Nonmarine Ostracodes Using Faunal Assemblages, Trace Elements Shell Chemistry and Stable Isotope Data
M. R. Palacios-Fest, A. S. Cohen, J. Ruiz, and B. Blank 179

15 Continental Paleothermometry and Seasonality Using the Isotopic Composition of Aragonitic
Otoliths of Freshwater Fishes
W. P. Patterson, G. R. Smith, and K. C. Lohmann 191

16 A Comparison of Stable Isotope Data With Pollen and Ostracod Faunal Data in Paleoclimate
K. L. Rogers 203

17 Stable Carbon and Oxygen Isotopes in Soil Carbonates
T. E. Cerling and J. Quade 217

18 Stable Carbon Isotope Composition of Paleosols: An Application to Holocene
E. F. Kelly, C. Yonker, and B. Marino 233

19 Stable Isotopes of Paleosols and Fossil Teeth as Paleoecology and Paleoclimate Indicators:
An Example from the St. David Formation, Arizona
Y. Wang, T. E. Cerling, J. Quade, J. R. Bowman, G. A. Smith, and E. H. Lindsay 241

20 The Stable Isotopic Composition of Ancient Kaolinites of North America
J. R. Lawrence and J. Rashkes Meaux 249

21 Application of Palmmagnetic and '"Be Analyses to Chronostratigraphy of Alpine Glacio-fluvial
Terraces, Sava River Valley, Slovenia
M. J. Pavich and N. Vidic 263

22 D/H Ratios of Supergene Alunite as an Indicator of Paleoclimate in Continental Settings
G. B. Arehart and J. R. O'Neil 277

23 The Stable Isotope Geochemistry of Low Temperature Fe(III) and Al "Oxides" with Implications for Continental Paleoclimates
C. J. Yapp 285

24 An Oxygen-Isotope Study of Weathering in the Eastern Amazon Basin, Brazil
M. I. Bird, F. J. Longstaffe, W. S. Fyfe, B. I. Kronberg, and A. Kishida 295

25 Ancient Climate From Deuterium Content of Water in Volcanic Glass
I. Friedman, J. Gleason, and A. Warden 309

26 Deuterium Fractionation as Water Diffuses into Silicic Volcanic Ash
I. Friedman, J. Gleason, R. A. Sheppard, and A. J. Gude, 3rd 321

27 Environmental Information from 13C/1ZC Ratios of Wood
S. W. Leavitt 325

28 Interpreting Past Climate From Stable Isotopes in Continental Organic Matter
T. W. D. Edwards 333

29 A 30,000 Year Record of 13C and ''0 Changes in Organic Matter From an Equatorial Peatbog
A. M. Aucour, C. Hillaire-Marcel, and R. Bonnefille 343

30 Tree-Ring 14C as a Possible Indicator of Climate Change
J. L. Jirikowic, R. M. Kalin, and 0. K. Davis 353

31 Hydrogen Isotopic Exchange and Stable Isotope Ratios in Cellulose, Wood, Chitin, and Amino Compounds
A. Schimmelmann, R. F. Miller, and S. W. Leavitt 367