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Introduction to Sociological Theory: Theorists, Concepts, and their Applicability to the Twenty-First Century, 3rd Edition




Introduction to Sociological Theory: Theorists, Concepts, and their Applicability to the Twenty-First Century, 3rd Edition

Michele Dillon

ISBN: 978-1-119-41091-1 December 2019 Wiley-Blackwell 552 Pages

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The revised third edition of the text that combines classical and contemporary theories of sociological theory

Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition of an Introduction to Sociological Theory offers an in-depth introduction to classical and contemporary theories, and demonstrates their relevance to offer a clear understanding of a broad range of contemporary issues and topics. As with the previous editions, the text continues to combine carefully selected primary quotations from a broad range of theorists with extensive discussion and illustrative examples from a diverse range of countries, helpful timelines of important and thematically relevant events, biographical notes, contemporary topic boxes, analytical photos, and chapter glossaries. 

The text addresses topics such as the persistence of economic and social inequality, Brexit, post-truth society, same-sex marriage, digital surveillance and the on-demand gig economy. Written in an engaging style, Introduction to Sociological Theory offers a comprehensive introduction to the pluralistic breadth and wide-ranging applicability of sociological theory. This updated edition of the authoritative text:

  • Contains both classical and contemporary theories in a single text
  • Builds on excerpts from original theoretical writings with detailed discussion of the concepts and ideas under review
  • Includes new examples of current empirical topics such as Brexit, Donald Trump’s presidency, China’s growing economic power, global warming, intersectionality, social media, and much more
  • Offers additional resources including a website that contains multiple choice and essay questions, a thoroughly refreshed set of PowerPoint slides for each chapter with multimedia links to content illustrative of sociological processes, a list of complementary primary readings, a quotation bank, and other background materials

Written for undergraduate courses in contemporary and classical sociological theory, the third edition of an Introduction to Sociological Theory continues to provide a comprehensive, in-depth, and empirically engaging, introduction to sociological theory.

List of Boxed Features xi

List of Analytical Photos xv

Acknowledgments xvii

How to Use This Book xix

Introduction: Sociological Theory: A Vibrant Living Tradition 1

Analyzing Social Life 4

Societal Transformation and the Origins of Sociology 12

The Establishment of Sociology as Science: Auguste Comte and Harriet Martineau 17

Social Inequality and Contextual Standpoints: DuBois, De Tocqueville, Martineau 22

Summary 26

Points to Remember 26

Glossary 27

Questions for Review 28

1 Karl Marx 31

Expansion of Capitalism 34

Marx’s Theory of History 37

Human Nature 41

Capitalism as a Distinctive Social Form 43

Wage-Labor 50

The Division of Labor and Alienation 52

Economic Inequality 59

Ideology and Power 63

Summary 70

Points to Remember 71

Glossary 71

Questions for Review 73

2 Emile Durkheim 77

Durkheim’s Methodological Rules 80

The Nature of Society 84

Societal Transformation and Social Cohesion 89

Traditional Society 89

Modern Society 92

Social Conditions of Suicide 98

Religion and the Sacred 107

Summary 111

Points to Remember 112

Glossary 113

Questions for Review 114

3 Max Weber 117

Sociology: Understanding Social Action 121

Culture and Economic Activity 121

Ideal Types 128

Social Action 129

Power, Authority, and Domination 135

Social Stratification 143

Modernity and Competing Values 147

Summary 149

Points to Remember 149

Glossary 151

Questions for Review 152

4 American Classics: The Chicago School; Talcott Parsons; and Robert Merton 155

The Chicago School of Sociology

Talcott Parsons 156

 The Social System 159

 Socialization and Societal Integration 162

 Social Differentiation, Culture, and the Secularization of Protestantism 163

 Pattern Variables 166

 Modernization Theory 171

 Stratification and Inequality 173

Robert Merton 175

Summary 181

Points to Remember 182

Glossary 183

Questions for Review 184

5 Critical Theory: Technology, Culture, and Politics 187

The Societal Critique of Horkheimer, Adorno, and Marcuse 191

Dialectic of Enlightenment 196

Mass Culture and Consumption 201

Politics: Uniformity and Control 208

Jürgen Habermas: The State and the Public Sphere 211

Summary 216

Points to Remember 217

Glossary 218

Questions for Review 219

6 Conflict, Power, and Dependency in Macro-Societal Processes 221

Ralf Dahrendorf’s Theory of Group Conflict 222

C. Wright Mills: Class and Power 228

Dependency Theory: Gunder Frank’s and Cardoso’s Neo-Marxist Critiques of Economic Development 233

Summary 240

Points to Remember 240

Glossary 241

Questions for Review 242

7 Exchange, Exchange Network, and Rational Choice Theories 245

Exchange Theory: George Homans and Peter Blau 246

Exchange Network Theory: Richard Emerson, Karen Cook, Mark Granovetter 252

Actor–Network Theory (ANT): Bruno Latour 257

Rational Choice Theory and its Critique: James Coleman, Gary Becker, Paula England 260

Analytical Marxism 265

Summary 266

Points to Remember 267

Glossary 268

Questions for Review 269

8 Symbolic Interactionism 273

Development of the Self through Social Interaction: G.H. Mead & C.H. Cooley 274

The Premises of Symbolic Interactionism: Herbert Blumer 279

Erving Goffman: Society as Ritualized Social Interaction 281

Symbolic Interactionism and Ethnographic Research 294

Summary 295

Points to Remember 295

Glossary 296

Questions for Review 297

9 Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology 301

Phenomenology: Alfred Schutz, Peter Berger & Thomas Luckmann 302

Ethnomethodology: Harold Garfinkel

Gender as an Accomplished Reality: Candace West & Don Zimmerman 313

Summary 321

Points to Remember 321

Glossary 322

Questions for Review 323

10 Feminist Theories 327

Consciousness of Women’s Inequality: Charlotte Perkins Gilman 330

Standpoint Theory: Dorothy Smith and the Relations of Ruling 333

Masculinities: R.W. Connell 344

Patricia Hill Collins: Black Women’s Standpoint 346

Sociology of Emotion 354

Arlie Hochschild: Emotional Labor 355

Summary 362

Points to Remember 363

Glossary 364

Questions for Review 365

11 Sex, Bodies, Truth, and Power: Michel Foucault, Steven Seidman, and Queer Theory 369

Disciplining the Body 370

Sexuality and Queer Theory 380

Summary 388

Points to Remember 388

Glossary 389

Questions for Review 390

12 Postcolonial Theories and Race 393

Racial Otherness: Edward Said, Frantz Fanon 395

New Directions in the Sociology of Colonialism: R.W. Connell Race and Racism Cultural Histories and Postcolonial Identities: Stuart Hall 400

Race and Class: William J. Wilson, Cornell West 411

Race, Community, and Democracy 413

Culture and the New Racism: Paul Gilroy 419

Summary 422

Points to Remember 423

Glossary 424

Questions for Review 425

13 Pierre Bourdieu: Class, Culture, and the Social Reproduction of Inequality 427

Social Stratification 429

Family and School in the Production of Cultural Capital 433

Taste and Everyday Practices 438

Summary 447

Points to Remember 448

Glossary 448

Questions for Review 449

14 Economic and Political Globalization: Wallerstein, Sklair, Giddens, Sassen, Bauman 451

What is Globalization? 456

Economic Globalization 457

Immanuel Wallerstein: The Modern World-System 458

Contemporary Globalizing Economic Processes 464

Globalizing Political Processes: The Changing Authority of the Nation-State 472

Migration and Political Mobilization in a Transnational World 478

Summary 485

Points to Remember 486

Glossary 487

Questions for Review 488

15 Modernities, Risk, Cosmopolitanism, and Global Consumer Culture 491

Jurgen Habermas: Contrite Modernity 493

S. N. Eisenstadt: Multiple Modernities 495

Ulrich Beck: Global Risk Society 499

Cosmopolitan Modernity 501

The Global Expansion of Human Rights 505

Global Consumer Culture 508

Jean Baudrillard: The Aestheticization of Reality

Anthony Giddens: Disembeddedness and Dilemmas of the Self 515

Summary 516

Points to Remember 517

Glossary 518

Questions for Review 519

Glossary 521

Sociological Theorists and Select Key Writings 541

Index 545