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Physics of Shallow Estuaries and Bays

Physics of Shallow Estuaries and Bays

J. van de Kreeke (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66925-9 March 2013 American Geophysical Union 280 Pages

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies Series, Volume 16.

Easy access to the sea and safe anchorage have made many estuaries the location of early settlements. Initially, land for further development was abundant, depths were large enough to accommodate the small vessels, and except for some local degradation water quality was little affected. However, as the population increased and industries were added, estuary basins were modified to better suit the demands:

  • land was reclaimed to allow industry to expand and to create waterfront residential areas
  • navigation channels and harbors were dredged to accommodate larger vessels
  • causeways and bridges were constructed to ease traffic
  • marinas were built to harbor recreational vessels.

Contributors V

Acknowledgement IX

I Introduction 1

II Large Scale Mixing 5

Large-Scale Mixing Processes in a Partly Mixed Estuary
G. Abraham, P. de Jong & F.E. van Kruiningen  6

Circulation and Salt Flux in a Well Mixed Estuary
B. Kjerfve  22

Currents and Salinity Transport in the Lower Elbe Estuary:
Some Experiences from Observations and Numerical Solutions
K.C. Duwe & J. Siindermann  30

III Residual Currents 41

Generalised Theory of Estuarine Dynamics
D. Prandle  42

Synoptic Observations of Salinity, Suspended Sediment and Vertical Current Structure in a Partly Mixed Estuary
R.J. Uncles, R.C.A. Elliott, S-A. Weston, D.A. Pilgrim, D.R Ackroyd, D.J. McMillan & N.M. Lynn  58

Analysis of Residual Currents Using a Two-Dimensional Model
Po-Shu Huang, Dong-Ping Wang & T.O. Najarian  71

Residual Currents, A Comparison of Two Modelling Approaches
H. Gerritsen  81

On Lagrangian Residual Ellipse
R. T. Cheng, Shizuo Feng & Pangen 102

A Simulation of the Residual Flow in the Bohai Sea
Zhang Shuzhen, Wang Huatong, Feng Shizuo, Xi Pangen  114

Principal Differences Between 2D- and Vertically Averaged 3D-Models of Topographic Tidal Rectification
J.T.F. Zimmerman  120

IV Low-Frequency Motions 131

Subtidal Current Variability in the Lower Hudson Estuary
RE. Wilson & RJ. Filadelfo  132

Subtidal Exchanges Between Corpus Christi Bay and Texas Inner Shelf Waters
N. P. Smith  143

Coastal Circulation 153

Water Circulation in a Topographically Complex Environment
E. Wolemski  154

Roles of Large Scale Eddies in Mass Exchange Between Coastal and Oceanic Zones 168
Sotoaki Onishi  168

Coastal Circulation in the Key Largo Coral Reef Marine Sanctuary
T. N. Lee  178

Effects of Coastal Boundary Layers on the Wind-Driven Circulation in Shallow Sea
Su Jilan  199

VI Sediment Transport 209

Suspended Sediment Transport in Rivers and Estuaries
M. Markofsky, G. Lang A R Schubert  210

Tide-Induced Residual Transport of Fine Sediment
J. Dronkers  228

Hydrodynamic Controls on Sediment Transport in Well-Mixed Bays and Estuaries
D. G. Aubrey  245

Sediment-Driven Density Fronts in Closed End Canals
Chung-Po Lin & A.J. Mehta  259

Index 277