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Mapping Leadership: The Tasks that Matter for Improving Teaching and Learning in Schools



Mapping Leadership: The Tasks that Matter for Improving Teaching and Learning in Schools

Richard Halverson, Carolyn Kelley

ISBN: 978-1-118-71157-6 June 2017 Jossey-Bass 224 Pages


Drawing on twenty years of research in school effectiveness, this book presents a distributed model of task-based school leadership that leads to continuous school improvement. The book outlines the tasks school leadership teams must focus on to improve teaching and learning, grouped into the following five domains:
  • Focus on Learning
  • Monitoring Teaching and Learning
  • Building Nested Learning Communities
  • Acquiring and Allocating Resources
  • Maintaining a Safe and Effective Learning Environment
Recognizing that the principal is a single actor in a complex web of activity influencing student learning, the focus is not only on the principal’s role but on a range of leadership and instructional practices to be shared across the leadership team (including APs, counselors, teachers, and support personnel). These tasks, organized into 21 subdomains, have been demonstrated through extensive research to contribute to improved student learning.




CHAPTER 1 Distributed Leadership in Action 9

Leadership and Span of Control   12

Leader of Leaders  14

Distributed Leadership in Action  14

Tasks versus Skills  17

Comprehensive Assessment of Leadership for Learning   18

CHAPTER 2 Mapping School Leadership: Research Base and Domains   23

Knowledge Base for the CALL Domains  25

CALL Domains of School Leadership Practice  28

The CALL Survey in Action  34

CHAPTER 3 Domain 1: Focus on Learning  39

1.1 Maintaining a Schoolwide Focus on Learning  43

1.2 Recognition of Formal Leaders as Instructional Leaders  46

1.3 Collaborative Design of Integrated Learning Plan 48

1.4 Providing Appropriate Services for Students Who Traditionally Struggle 50

Putting It All Together to Focus on Learning  53

CHAPTER 4 Domain 2: Monitoring Teaching and Learning   59

A Brief History of Accountability and Schools: Emergence of a New Model of Instructional Leadership   62

Building Information Ecologies to Support Teaching and Learning   66

2.1 Formative Evaluation of Student Learning 67

2.2 Summative Evaluation of Student Learning 71

2.3 Formative Evaluation of Teaching 73

2.4 Summative Evaluation of Teaching 77

Putting It All Together: Information Ecologies for Schools 80

CHAPTER 5 Domain 3: Building Professional Community 87

Designing Professional Community 91

3.1 Collaborative Schoolwide Focus on Problems of Teaching and Learning 92

3.2 Professional Learning 93

3.3 Socially Distributed Leadership 96

3.4 Coaching and Mentoring 97

Putting It All Together: Design as a Model for Building Professional Community 99

Lessons for Building Professional Community in Schools 101

CHAPTER 6 Domain 4: Acquiring and Allocating Resources 107

4.1 Personnel Practices 111

4.2 Structuring and Maintaining Time 115

4.3 School Resources Focus on Student Learning 118

4.4 Integrating External Expertise into the School Instructional Program 120

4.5 Coordinating and Supervising Relations with Families and External Communities 122

Putting It All Together: Acquiring and Allocating Resources 124

CHAPTER 7 Domain 5: Establishing a Safe and Effective Learning Environment 131

The Practices That Matter to Develop Safe and Effective

Learning Environments 134

5.1 Clear, Consistent, and Enforced Expectations for Student Behavior 135

5.2 Clean and Safe Learning Environment 141

5.3 Support Services for Students Who Traditionally Struggle 142

Putting It All Together: Innovative Practices for Building Safe and Effective Learning Environments 148

CHAPTER 8 Mapping Leadership Practice 157

Mapping Leadership Practice 163

Using the CALL Map 169

Charting the Course to Improved Teaching and Learning 171

APPENDIX A CALL Research Publications 173

APPENDIX B Observations about Some Differences in CALL Results between Secondary and Elementary Schools 175

APPENDIX C Description of the CALL Research and Validation Project 181