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Advances in Bioenergy: The Sustainability Challenge




Advances in Bioenergy: The Sustainability Challenge

Peter D. Lund, John Byrne, Goeran Berndes, Iacovos Vasalos

ISBN: 978-1-118-95785-1 December 2015 560 Pages



The increasing deployment of bioenergy frequently raises issues regarding the use of land and raw materials, infrastructure and logistics. In light of these sometimes conflicting interests Advances in Bioenergy provides an objective and wide-ranging overview of the technology, economics and policy of bioenergy. 

Offering an authoritative multidisciplinary summary of the opportunities and challenges associated with bioenergy utilization, with international researchers give up-to-date and detailed information on key issues for biomass production and conversion to energy.

Key features: 

*Discusses different bioenergy uses such as transportation fuels, electricity and heat production. 

*Assesses emerging fields such as bio-based chemicals and bio-refineries. 

*Debates conditions for the mobilization of sustainable bioenergy supply chains and outlines governance systems to support this mobilization.

* Dedicated chapters to sustainability governance and emerging tools such as certification systems and standards supporting growth of a sustainable bioenergy industry.

*Considers the political, environmental, social and cultural context related to the demand for energy resources, the impact of this demand on the world around us, and the choices and behaviours of consumers.

This book will be a vital reference to engineers, researchers and students that need an accessible overview of the bioenergy area. It will also be of high value for politicians, policymakers and industry leaders that need to stay up to date with the state-of-the-art science and technology in this area.

About the Editors ix

Preface xi


1 Metabolic Engineering: Enabling Technology for Biofuels Production 3
Mitchell Tai and Gregory N. Stephanopoulos

2 Hydrolysis and Fermentation for Cellulosic Ethanol Production 11
Charilaos Xiros, Evangelos Topakas and Paul Christakopoulos

3 Lipid-Based Liquid Biofuels from Autotrophic Microalgae: Energetic and Environmental Performance 33
Lucas Reijnders

4 Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass for Transportation Fuels 45
Angelos A. Lappas, Kostas G. Kalogiannis, Eleni F. Iliopoulou, Kostas S. Triantafyllidis and Stylianos D. Stefanidis

5 Integrated Biomass Hydropyrolysis and Hydrotreating: A Brief Review 57
Martin Linck, Larry Felix, Terry Marker and Michael Roberts

6 Transportation Fuels from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis and Hydroprocessing 65
Douglas C. Elliott

7 Biomass Gasification for Synthesis Gas Production and Applications of the Syngas 73
Reinhard Rauch, Jitka Hrbek and Hermann Hofbauer

8 Hydrogen Generation from Biomass Materials: Challenges and Opportunities 93
Pravakar Mohanty, Kamal K. Pant and Ritesh Mittal

9 Production of Renewable Hydrogen by Reformation of Biofuels 109
Paraskevi Panagiotopoulou, Christina Papadopoulou, Haris Matralis and Xenophon Verykios

10 Fischer–Tropsch Conversion of Biomass-Derived Synthetic Gas to Liquid Fuels 131
Andreas Helland Lillebø, Anders Holmen, Bjørn Christian Enger and Edd Anders Blekkan

11 Critical Factors for High Temperature Processing of Biomass from Agriculture and Energy Crops to Biofuels and Bioenergy 149
Stelios Arvelakis and Emmanuel G. Koukios

12 Second-Generation Biofuels:Why They are Taking so Long 163
Daniel J. M. Hayes

13 Separation Technologies for Current and Future Biorefineries—Status and Potential of Membrane-Based Separation 193
Lan Ying Jiang and Jia Ming Zhu

14 Catalysis at Room Temperature: Perspectives for Future Green Chemical Processes 209
Frank Leung-Yuk Lam, Michael C. L. Li, Rock S. L. Chau, Rick A. D. Arancon, Xijun Hu and Rafael Luque

15 Co-Firing of Biomass with Coal in Thermal Power Plants: Technology Schemes, Impacts, and Future Perspectives 233
Emmanouil Karampinis, Panagiotis Grammelis, Michalis Agraniotis, Ioannis Violidakis and Emmanuel Kakaras


16 Bioenergy and Land Use Change—State of the Art 251
G¨oran Berndes, Serina Ahlgren, P¢ªal B¨orjesson, and Annette L. Cowie

17 Forest Energy Procurement: State of the Art in Finland and Sweden 273
Johanna Routa, Antti Asikainen, Rolf Bj¨orheden, Juha Laitila and Dominik R¨oser

18 Options for Increasing Biomass Output from Long-Rotation Forestry 285
Gustaf Egnell and Rolf Bj¨orheden

19 Recovery Rate of Harvest Residues for Bioenergy in Boreal and Temperate Forests: A Review 293
Evelyne Thiffault, Ariane B´echard, David Par´e and Darren Allen

20 Forest Bioenergy Feedstock Harvesting Effects on Water Supply 317
Daniel G. Neary and Karen A. Koestner

21 Best Management Practices for Forest Bioenergy Programs 333
Daniel G. Neary

22 Principles of Nutrient Management for Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Production 351
Donald Mead and Charles Smith

23 Crop Coefficients of Jatropha (Jatropha Curcas) and Pongamia (Pongamia Pinnata) UsingWater Balance Approach 363
Kaushal K. Garg, Suhas P. Wani and A. V. R. Kesava Rao

24 Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol: Developments so far and Challenges for the Future 373
Arnaldo Walter, Marcelo Valadares Galdos, Fabio Vale Scarpare, Manoel Regis Lima Verde Leal, Joaquim Eugˆenio Abel Seabra, Marcelo Pereira da Cunha, Michelle Cristina Araujo Picoli and Camila Ortolan Fernandes de Oliveira

25 The Climate Benefit of Swedish Ethanol: Present and Prospective Performance 395
P¢ªal B¨orjesson, Serina Ahlgren and G¨oran Berndes

26 Performance of Small-Scale Straw-to-Heat Supply Chains in Norway 411
Helmer Belbo and Bruce Talbot

27 Transport Sector in Ireland: Can 2020 National Policy Targets Drive Indigenous Biofuel Production to Success? 419
Egle Gusciute, Ger Devlin, Fionnuala Murphy and Kevin McDonnell

28 Prospects for Domestic Biofuels for Transport in Sweden 2030 Based on Current Production and Future Plans 431
Maria Grahn and Julia Hansson

29 Land and the Food–Fuel Competition: Insights from Modeling 447
Sylvia Prieler, G¨unther Fischer and Harrij van Velthuizen

30 The Impact of Biofuel Demand on Agricultural Commodity Prices: A Systematic Review 465
U. Martin Persson

31 How do Sustainability Standards Consider Biodiversity? 483
Oskar Englund and G¨oran Berndes

32 A Global Survey of Stakeholder Views and Experiences for Systems Needed to Effectively and Efficiently Govern Sustainability of Bioenergy 507
Inge Stupak, Jamie Joudrey, C. Tattersall Smith, Luc Pelkmans, Helena Chum, Annette Cowie, Oskar Englund, Chun Sheng Goh and Martin Junginger

Index 535