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A Companion to Nordic Cinema

Mette Hjort, Ursula Lindqvist

ISBN: 978-1-118-47525-6 May 2016 Wiley-Blackwell 632 Pages


A Companion to Nordic Cinema presents a collection of original essays that explore one of the world’s oldest regional cinemas from its origins to the present day.
  • Offers a comprehensive, transnational and regional account of Nordic cinema from its origins to the present day
  • Features original contributions from more than two dozen international film scholars based in the Nordic countries, the United States, Canada, Scotland, and Hong Kong
  • Covers a wide range of topics on the distinctive evolution of Nordic cinema including the silent Golden Age, Nordic film policy models and their influence, audiences and cinephilia, Nordic film training, and indigenous Sámi cinema.
  • Considers Nordic cinema’s engagement with global audiences through coverage of such topics as Dogme 95, the avant-garde filmmaking movement begun by Danish directors Lars von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg, and the global marketing and distribution of Nordic horror and Nordic noir
  • Offers fresh investigations of the work of global auteurs such as Carl Th. Dreyer, Ingmar Bergman, Lars von Trier, Aki Kaurismäki, and Roy Andersson.
  • Includes essays on Danish and Swedish television dramas, Finland’s eco-documentary film production, the emerging tradition of Icelandic cinema, the changing dynamics of Scandinavian porn, and many more

Notes on Contributors viii

Acknowledgments xii

Introduction: Nordic Cinema: Breaking New Waves since the Dawn of Film 1
Mette Hjort and Ursula Lindqvist

Part I States of Cinema: Nordic Film Policy 13

Introduction 15
Mette Hjort and Ursula Lindqvist

1 Regional and Global Dimensions of Danish Film Culture and Film Policy 19
Ib Bondebjerg

2 Developing a Bhutanese Film Sector in the Intersection between Gross National Happiness and Danish Guidance 41
Nis Grøn

3 Cinema in the Welfare State: Notes on Public Support, Regional Film Funds, and Swedish Film Policy 60
Olof Hedling

4 “Education, Enlightenment, and General Propaganda”: Dansk Kulturfilm and Carl Th. Dreyer’s Short Films 78
C. Claire Thomson

Part II Making Filmmakers: Models and Values 99

Introduction 101
Mette Hjort and Ursula Lindqvist

5 How to Train a Director—Film Schools in the Nordic Countries 105
Astrid Söderbergh Widding

6 Non-Fiction Film Culture in Sweden circa 1920–1960: Pragmatic Governance and Consensual Solidarity in a Welfare State 125
Mats Jönsson

7 Crossing Borders: Going Transnational with “Danish” Film Training, Capacity Building, and Talent Development 148
Mette Hjort

Part III Reeling ’Em In: Spectatorship and Cinephilia 173

Introduction 175
Ursula Lindqvist and Mette Hjort

8 The Rise and Fall of Norwegian Municipal Cinemas 179
Ove Solum

9 The “Capital of Scandinavia?” Imaginary Cityscapes and the Art of Creating an Appetite for Nordic Cinematic Spaces 199
Maaret Koskinen

10 Jörn Donner and the Emergence of a New Film Culture in Postwar Scandinavia 224
Kimmo Laine

11 The Formation of a Cinema Audience in Sweden, 1915–1929 242
Tommy Gustafsson

Part IV Reinventing the Reel: Transitions and Triumphs 265

Introduction 267
Ursula Lindqvist and Mette Hjort

12 Searching for Art’s Promised Land: Nordic Silent Cinema and the Swedish Example 271
Casper Tybjerg

13 Aki Kaurismäki—From Punk to Social Democracy 291
Andrew Nestingen

14 Swedish Cinema of the 1940s, a New Wave 313
Fredrik Gustafsson

15 Between Art and Genre: New Nordic Horror Cinema 332
Gunnar Iversen

16 A Tradition of Torturing Women 351
Linda Haverty Rugg

Part V Connecting Points: Global Intersections 371

Introduction 373
Mette Hjort and Ursula Lindqvist

17 Memories of Cultural Dismemberment: Nils Gaup, Mons Somby, and the Re]Membering of Sámi History 377
Wendy Gay Pearson

18 The Scandinavian Colonies of Silent]Era Hollywood 396
Arne Lunde

19 Films into Uniform: Dogme 95 and the Last New Wave 417
Scott MacKenzie

20 Nordic Remakes in Hollywood: Reconfiguring Originals and Copies 436
Anna Westerståhl Stenport

21 The Global Distribution of Swedish Silent Film 457
Laura Horak

Part VI The Eye of Industry: Practitioner’s Agency 485

Introduction 487
Ursula Lindqvist and Mette Hjort

22 The Writing of Television Drama: Issues of Creative Collaboration and Authorship in Danish Writers’ Rooms 491
Eva Novrup Redvall

23 Universal Aspirations and Ecocosmopolitan Rhetoric: The Finnish Ecodocumentary 510
Pietari Kääpä

24 The Emergence of a Tradition in Icelandic Cinema: From Children of Nature to Volcano 529
Björn Nordfjörd

25 The Art of Not Telling Stories in Nordic Fiction Films 547
Ursula Lindqvist

26 The Death of Porn? An Autopsy of “Scandinavian Sin” in the Twenty]first Century 566
Mariah Larsson

Appendix 589

Index 591