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Biomass Recalcitrance: Deconstructing the Plant Cell Wall for Bioenergy




Biomass Recalcitrance: Deconstructing the Plant Cell Wall for Bioenergy

Michael Himmel (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-405-16360-6 May 2008 Wiley-Blackwell 528 Pages



Alternative and renewable fuels derived from lignocellulosic biomass offer a promising alternative to conventional energy sources, and provide energy security, economic growth, and environmental benefits. However, plant cell walls naturally resist decomposition from microbes and enzymes – this collective resistance is known as “biomass recalcitrance”. Breakthrough technologies are needed to overcome barriers to developing cost-effective processes for converting biomass to fuels and chemicals.

This book examines the connection between biomass structure, ultrastructure, and composition, to resistance to enzymatic deconstruction, with the aim of discovering new cost-effective technologies for biorefineries. It contains chapters on topics extending from the highest levels of biorefinery design and biomass life-cycle analysis, to detailed aspects of plant cell wall structure, chemical treatments, enzymatic hydrolysis, and product fermentation options.

Biomass Recalcitrance is essential reading for researchers, process chemists and engineers working in biomass conversion, also plant scientists working in cell wall biology and plant biotechnology.

1 – Introduction – Michael E. Himmel.

2 - The Biorefinery - Thomas D. Foust, Kelly N. Ibsen, David C. Dayton, J. Richard Hess, Kevin E. Kenney.

3 - Anatomy and Ultra Structure of Maize Cell Walls: An Example Energy Plant - Shi-You Ding and Michael E. Himmel.

4 - Chemistry and Molecular Organization of Plant Cell Walls - Philip J. Harris and Bruce A. Stone.

5 - Cell Wall Synthesis - Debra Mohnen, Maor Bar-Peled, and Chris Somerville.

6 - Structures of Plant Cell Wall Celluloses - Rajai H. Atalla, John W. Brady, James F. Matthews, Shi-You Ding & Michael E. Himmel.

7 - Lignins: A 21st Century Challenge - Laurence B. Davin, Ann M. Patten, Michaël Jourdes, and Norman G. Lewis.

8 - Computational Approaches to Study Cellulose Hydrolysis - Michael F. Crowley and Ross C. Walker.

9 - Mechanisms of Xylose and Xylooligomer Degradation During Acid Pretreatment - Xianghong Qian and Mark R. Nimlos.

10 - Enzymatic Depolymerization of Plant Cell Wall Hemicelluloses - Stephen R. Decker, Matti Siika-aho, and Liisa Viikari.

11 - Aerobic Microbial Cellulase Systems - David B. Wilson.

12 - Cellulase Systems Of Anaerobic Micro-Organisms From The Rumen And Large Intestine - Harry J. Flint.

13 - The Cellulosome: A Natural Bacterial Strategy to Combat Biomass Recalcitrance - Edward A. Bayer, Bernard Henrissat, and Raphael Lamed.

14 - Pretreatments for Enhanced Digestibility of Feedstocks – David K. Johnson and Richard T. Elander.

15 - Understanding the Biomass Decay Community - William S. Adney, Daniel van der Lelie, Alison Berry, and Michael E. Himmel.

16 - New Generation Biomass Conversion: Consolidated Bioprocessing - Y.-H. Percival Zhang and Lee R. Lynd

"Biomass Recalcitrance is a must-have.... The compilation covers fundamentals as well as hot topics that will provide new insights and knowledge to many readers." (ChemSusChem, June 2009)
First book to examine the connection between plant structure and composition, to resistance to enzymatic deconstruction. This research is essential for the development of better chemical and enzymatic treatments for successful biomass conversion.